The Hindu Editorial Decoding in HINDI | 17 Feb 2018

Here we have covered both the editorials of 17 feb 2018 :


Water equity: On Cauvery verdict:

By upholding the approach of the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal, while slightly (थोड़ा/साधारणत) modifying its award, the Supreme Court has boosted the prospects of a viable water-sharing arrangement among the riparian States. That it has reduced the Tribunal’s allocation for Tamil Nadu and raised (बढ़ा हुआ/प्रस्तुत किया हुआ)Karnataka’s share does detract from the fairness of the decision. It has underscored that no single State has primacy in accessing water resources and that rivers are national assets (संपत्ति). This is a significant recognition of the principle of equitable (न्यायपूर्ण/साम्यिक) distribution (विभाजन/विस्तार) of inter-State rivers. The Supreme Court’s message is that the Centre should get down to creating a legal and technical framework to implement the Tribunal’s award, as modified by the judgment. This is the strongest affirmation (अभिपुष्टि/समर्थन) so far of a basin State’s right to its share of water on a regular basis without having to rush to the court for ad hoc orders to open the sluices (जलमार्ग) of reservoirs (जलाशयों/संग्रह) during monsoon-deficit years. It may be possible for either side to cavil at the judgment, questioning the reduction (घटौती/छूट) in quantum or the obligation (आभार/इक़रारनामा) to adhere to specified monthly release targets, but these would be exercises in political partisanship rather than legitimate grievances (शिकायतों/विपत्ति) warranting legal redress. Tamil Nadu, as a State that has seen agrarian distress in its delta districts, ought to be satisfied with any prescribed (निर्धारित) allocation being met as per a schedule. Karnataka can take heart from the reduction in its mandatory release target and the additional share for Bengaluru. Neither State, in any case, should be aggrieved by the stipulation that equity is at the heart of a water-sharing arrangement.

Resolving an inter-State water dispute is mainly about balancing the competing genuine demands and interests of each State and coming up with a pragmatic (व्यावहारिक/हस्‍तक्षेप करने वाला) sharing arrangement. Rather than looking at the court’s decision from the narrow prism of the quantum of allocation, the parties would do well to see this as the culmination(पराकाष्ठा/चरम बिंदु) of a fair and scientific adjudicative(न्यायालय-संबंधी) process. They should pose no further impediment(बाधा/रुकावट) to the smooth implementation(कार्यान्वयन) of the order and be prepared, for the next 15 years, to share both the bounty and distress caused by nature. By dithering(कटौती/तड़पना), the Centre has not covered itself in glory throughout this protracted dispute. It took six years to notify the award, and even in the final hearing argued it was not obliged to frame a scheme for implementation. The argument was deservedl(यथायोग्य/याग्यतानुसार)rejected. It should comply with the court’s direction and set up the Cauvery Management Board and Water Regulation Committee as part of the scheme. It will be unfortunate if the States and the Centre are reluctant to accept this verdict and refuse to acknowledge its finality. There is ample judicial wisdom(बुद्धिमत्ता) in the country to adjudicate complex and emotive inter-State disputes, but the question is whether there are enough conscientious and cooperative parties to make judgments work.

Important Vocabulary

1.Affirmation (अभिपुष्टि/समर्थन)

Synonyms : assertion, confirmation, affidavit, asseveration, attestation

Antonyms : denial, negation, nullification, veto

2.Sluices (जलमार्ग

Synonyms : channel, douse, flume, flush, gate

3.Grievances (शिकायतों/विपत्ति)

Synonyms : grief, hardship, injustice, objection, outrage

Antonyms : delight, happiness, joy, advantage, aid

4.Prescribed (निर्धारित)

Synonyms : arbitrary, recommended, ethical, magistral, prescriptive

Antonyms : unprescribed

5.Pragmatic (व्यावहारिक/हस्‍तक्षेप करने वाला)

Synonyms : businesslike, down-to-earth, efficient, hardheaded, logica

Antonyms : excited, impractical, inefficient, irrational, unrealistic

6.Culmination(पराकाष्ठा/चरम बिंदु)

Synonyms : apex, climax, completion, pinnacle, acme

Antonyms : anticlimax, nadir, base, beginning, bottom


Synonyms : ambivalent, doubtful, hesitant, uncertain, unclear

Antonyms : certain, clear, definite, determined, resolved


Synonyms : barrier, bottleneck, burden, defect, deterrent

Antonyms : advantage, aid, assistance, benefit, blessing

9.Reduction (घटौती/छूट)

Synonyms : contraction, cut, cutback, devaluation, discount

Antonyms : increase, enlargement

10.Prescribed (निर्धारित)

Synonyms : arbitrary, recommended, ethical, magistral, prescriptive

Antonyms : unprescribedWater equity: On Cauvery verdict



Case histories: On National Health Protection Scheme:

The government’s intention to launch the world’s largest health insurance programme, the National Health Protection Scheme, raises an important issue. Should the focus be on the demand side of health-care finance when the supply side, the public health infrastructure, is in a shambles (खंडहर/गड़बड़)? Experience with insurance schemes, such as the Centre’s Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana and Andhra Pradesh’s Rajiv Aarogyasri, show how demand side interventions (हस्तक्षेप/व्यवधान) can miss the mark. While the RSBY and Aarogyasri did improve access to health-care overall, they failed to reach the most vulnerable (चपेट में/आलोचनीय)sections. At times they led to unnecessary medical procedures and increased out-of-pocketexpenditure (लागत/खपत) for poor people, both of which are undesirable outcomes. These showed that unless the public health system can compete (प्रतिस्पर्धा/बराबरी करना) with the private in utilising (उपयोग करना) funds from such insurance schemes, medical care will remain elusive for those who need it most. Policymakers behind the NHPS, which will cost the government around ₹5,000 crore in its first year, must take heed.

Both RSBY and Aarogyasri are cashless hospitalisation schemes. While both benefited people living below thepoverty(निर्धनता/अभाव) line, over-reliance on private hospitals and poor monitoring(निगरानी/जांच) watered down their impact. According to one Gujarat-based study, a majority of RSBY insured patients ended up spending about 10% of their annual income during hospitalisation, because hospitals still charged them, unsure as they were when they would be compensated (आपूर्ति की।/मुआवज़ा देना). A study in Andhra Pradesh found that beneficiaries spent more from their own pockets under Aarogyasri. They spent most of their money on outpatient care, and Aarogyasri didn’t tackle this adequately (पर्याप्त रूप से।). Possibly the most problematic fallout was mass hysterectomies done in Andhra Pradesh. Between 2008 and 2010, private hospitals removed the uteri of thousands of women unnecessarily, to make a quick buck (नर/हिरन). Thus, perverse(दोषी/विकृतिग्रस्त)incentives can drive the private sector to sabotage schemes that are not well monitored. The second problem with over-reliance on the private sector is that it limits the reach of such programmes. Evidence from RSBY and Aarogyasri shows that as distance from empanelled(पैनल) hospitals grew in Andhra and Gujarat, fewer people benefited from them — most empanelled hospitals are private and urban. Scheduled Tribe and rural households typically missed out, while richer quintiles of the population benefited. There can be much gained from the NHPS if the government views it as the first step towards universal health care, rather than a panacea (रामबाण/सर्वरोगहर औषधि) to all of India’s health-care woes. The second, and a long-awaited, step is to reform the public health system. Without this, an insurance scheme, no matter how ambitious (महत्वाकांक्षी/अभिलाषी), will be a band-aid.


Important Vocabulary

1.Shambles (खंडहर/गड़बड़)?

Synonyms: disarray, anarchy, babel, bedlam, botch

Antonyms:calm, harmony, method, order, organization

2.Vulnerable (चपेट में/आलोचनीय)

Synonyms: accessible, defenseless, exposed, liable, ready

Antonyms: guarded, protected, safe, secure, strong

3.Interventions (हस्तक्षेप/व्यवधान).

Synonyms: interference, mediation, arbitration, intercession, interposition


Synonyms: bankruptcy, debt, deficit, difficulty, famine

Antonyms: abundance, ease, enough, excess, plenty


Synonyms: audit, check, control, follow, keep an eye on

Antonyms: ignore, neglect, forget

6.Perverse (दोषी/विकृतिग्रस्त)

Synonyms: contradictory, wicked, abnormal, bad-tempered, cantankerous

Antonyms:agreeable, compliant, happy, nice, reasonable


Credit The Hindu News Paper

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