Here we have covered both the editorials of 20 feb 2018 :
Old friends: on India-Iran bilateral ties
In purely bilateral (द्विपक्षीय/सहायक) terms, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani’s visit to India was pitch perfect in content and optics (प्रकाशिकी). After his meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India and Iran signed agreements and memorandums (स्मृतिपत्र/अनुबोधक) of understanding on a wide variety of issues. Among the announcements was the decision to award India the contract to operate the Chabahar Shahid Beheshti port terminal after the project is completed. While no announcement was made on the Farzad-B gas field that India has expressed an interest in, the joint statement indicates (संकेत करना/प्रकट करना) that positive deliberations (विचार-विमर्श/विवेचना) may follow. There were discussions on enhancing trade and investment and ease (आराम/सुधरना) of doing business between India and Iran, including a double taxation avoidance agreement and an expert group to recommend “trade remed (उपाय/उपचार)measures”. Just before Mr. Rouhani’s visit, India announced it would allow Indian investment in Iran to be done in rupee terms. The concession, which has so far been extended only to Bhutan and Nepal, allows money lying in Indian banks as payment for imports from Iran, mostly oil, to be repatriated (प्रत्यावर्तित/स्वदेश भेजना). Till now these funds have been blocked because international banks and insurance companies refuse to facilitate trade to Iran fearing further U.S. sanctions (प्रतिबंधों/मंजुर) on Iranian entities. In turn, Iran is understood to have reversed last year’s decision to slash the credit period for oil payments from India, and issue more generous (उदार/प्रचुर) guidelines.
Mr. Modi and Mr. Rouhani also drew broad strokes highlighting the importance of bilateral ties between the two countries, stressing(प्रभाव डालना/ज़ोर देना) the strategic (महत्वपूर्ण/रणनीति-संबंधी) imperative (अनिवार्य/आदेशात्मक) for their growth. Mr. Modi called the talks “substantive and productive”, while thanking Mr. Rouhani for his leadership on regional connectivity. Mr. Rouhani endorsed (समर्थन किया/अनुलेखित )India’s bid (बोली/अभिवादन करना) for a permanent seat at the UN Security Council with the veto, and praised India as a “living museum of religious diversity (विविधता /उलट-पलट)”. The joint statement issued contained tough language on the“sanctuaries (शरणस्थान/मंदिर) for terrorism”, an issue important to both countries. But there is a broader global context to Mr. Rouhani’s visit and the red carpet rolled out by the Modi government. The visit came amid uncertainty over the U.S.’s next move on Iran, given the Trump administration (प्रबंधन/प्रशासन)’s line on the Iran nuclear deal. On the very day Mr. Modi and Mr. Rouhani met, U.S. National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster asked countries to track their investments in Iran as these might be supporting terrorism and “murder across the Middle East”. It will be important to see what, if any, implications (निहितार्थ/उलझाव) the Indian overtures (पहल) would have on India’s ties with the U.S. and its recently upgraded relations with Israel. However, it is crucial (महत्वपूर्ण/निर्णायक) that India maintain a steady course on its strategic interests with Iran, a key source of energy, and as Mr. Modi put it, a “golden gateway” to Afghanistan and Central Asia.
Voters in Tripura once again came out in large numbers for the Assembly election on Sunday, with initial(आरंभिक/अपूर्ण) estimates putting the turnout at almost 90%. This is close to the 91.82% turnout in the previous Assembly election in 2013 and more than the 84.72% for the 2014 Lok Sabha election. One explanation for these high figures is that the electorate is more organisationally (संगठनात्मक) mobilised (गतिमान करना/संगठित होना)than in other States. The CPI(M)-led Left Front has been in power in Tripura since 1993, and until recently another victory for the Left Front would have been regarded (विचार करना/आदर करना) as a given. After all, the LF’s popularity had steadily (तेजी से/बराबर या व्यवस्थित रुप से) increased in its years in power, peaking (क्षीण होना/दुबला होना) in 2013 with a 52.33% vote share and a harvest (उतपत्ति/उपज) of 50 of the 60 Assembly seats. Its support base has encompassed (घेर/धरना) bothtribal(आदिवासी) and non-tribal regions of the small State. This is largely due to the good work done by the government in improving primary health and education in Tripura; as a result the State has improved its human development indices. Apart from the delivery of essential (आवश्यक/मौलिक) welfare (कल्याण/ख़ुशहाली) services, the personal popularity of Chief Minister Manik Sarkar, who has been in office since 1998, has helped the LF retain power(शक्ति बनाए रखना). But if pointers from the campaign (अभियान/मुहिम)phase (अवस्था/दृष्टि) are anything to go by, the Sarkar government seems to be facing a stiff challenge from the BJP, a non-player in the electoral area until now, sensing an opportunity (अवसर/सुविधा) to make good.
Lack of diversification (विविधता/परिवर्तन) in a largely agrarian (कृषि/क्षेत्रिक) and forestry dominated (प्रभुत्व/शासन करना) economy and high unemployment levels among the youth have given the opposition some talking points. The BJP sought (मांगा/प्रयास करना) to tap what it believes is a latent (अव्यक्त/गुप्त) yearning for change, through its slogan (नारा/आदर्श-वाक्य), “Chalo Paltai” (let us flip). After its triumph in Assam, the BJP has grown more confident (आश्वस्त/सन्देह रहित) of making serious inroads (दखलंदाजी/घुस आना)into the Northeast; its expansion in some of the States has been aided by a weakening of the Congress in the region (क्षेत्र/प्रदेश). In Tripura, the BJP made no secret of attempting to occupy (अधिकार करना/पद ग्रहण करना) the opposition (विपक्षी दल) space by reaching out to traditional Congress voters. The shift of a large number of Congress legislators (विधायकों) and candidates to the BJP is a result of the organisational decay in the former. The Congress had traditionally been stronger in the non-tribal regions andaligned (पंक्ति में करना/श्रेणीबद्ध करना) with the ethnic(संजातीय) tribal parties such as the Indigenous (स्थानीय/स्वदेशी)People’s Front of Tripura in its electoral challenges to the LF. The IPFT and other tribal groups have hitched (विवाहित) their wagon (गाड़ी/डिब्बा) to the BJP this time round. In trying to match the Left in terms of organisational muscle, the BJP banked on the RSS and the larger Parivar to provide it the heft it needed in the campaign. But the fact is that in the 2013 Assembly election, the BJP could win a mere 1.53% of the vote. It will have to register a spectacular (बहुत शानदार/प्रभावशाली) increase in vote share to even be a strong opposition, let alone form the government.
1.Peaking (क्षीण होना/दुबला होना)
Synonyms : climax, crest, culminate, be at height, come to a head
Antonyms : fall, hit bottom, plunge
Synonyms : crucial, fundamental, imperative, indispensable, main