The Hindu Editorial Decoding in HINDI | 26 Feb 2018

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Here we have covered both the editorials of 26 feb 2018 :

EDITORIAL- 1

A relationship adrift: on India-Canada ties

The red flags had gone up long before Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau arrived for an eight-day state visit to India. For some time now, New Delhi has been sending messages of protest to Ottawa — especially after his Liberal Party shepherded a resolution(प्रस्ताव/समाधान) in the Ontario provincial legislature calling the 1984 anti-Sikh violence “genocide(नरसंहार/जाति हत्या)”; he went on to attend a rally in Toronto organised by Khalistani groups. More recently, Mr. Trudeau’s office and the Ministry of External Affairs differed (मतभेद/बहस करना) over the details of the visit. While New Delhi would have preferred a shorter, more business-like itinerary (यात्रा कार्यक्रम/भ्रमण संबंधी)beginning with the official engagement in Delhi, Ottawa opted (विकल्प ) for a five-city tour, with a bilateral(द्विपक्षीय) meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the penultimate(उपान्तिम/अंत से पहले) day. New Delhi would have also liked the delegation(प्रतिनिधिमंडल/समर्पण) to exclude Canadian ministers suspected of sympathising with extremist(उग्रवादी) Sikh groups in Canada, especially as they had already been in India controversially in the past few months — but Ottawa was adamant(सख्त/अटल) they be included. Finally, the government wanted Mr. Trudeau to reach out to Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh well ahead of the visit, as the latter had been denied a trip to Canada in 2016 and was understandably offended(अपमानित). But till his arrival, Mr. Trudeau’s office did not confirm a meeting with the Chief Minister. As a result, the controversies that followed the Canadian Prime Minister through the visit had gathered(इकट्ठा/मृत) their own momentum. The responsibility lies on both sides, on Ottawa for its tone-deafness to Indian sensitivities, and on New Delhi for failing to press its concerns or have the visit discreetly(सावधानी से/चतुराई से)put off until the differences were resolved. Mr. Modi’s decision to stick to protocol, and not welcome Mr. Trudeau as effusively(जोश से/उल्लास से) as he has tended to do for many foreign visitors, was a signal.

The final straw in a visit steadily(तेजी से) turning icy was the appearance (उपस्थिति) of Jaspal Atwal at an official reception, which had an embarrassed Mr. Trudeau left explaining how a man who attempted to assassinate (हत्या) an Indian minister in 1986 had slipped into his entourage(घेरा). In turn, the Indian government was left scrambling(संघर्ष करना/पांव मार) for answers on how Mr. Atwal was even allowed into the country. The real casualty amidst all the controversies was the India-Canada bilateral relationship, which has turned frosty(ठंढा/पालेदार) after a decade of excellent progress. In this period, the two sides had forged close cooperation on energy and trade, including a civil nuclear cooperation agreement and a commitment from Canadian pension funds to invest in India. India and Canada have much in common as two pluralistic(बहुलवादी), diverse democracies with very strong people-to-people ties: there is an Indian diaspora of 1.3 million in Canada, besides 100,000 Indian students. The handling of Mr. Trudeau’s visit by both Ottawa and New Delhi doesn’t do justice to these ties; both countries must work to repair the rupture(संबंध विच्छेद/टूटना).

Important Vocabulary

1.Adamant(सख्त/अटल)

Synonyms: determined, insistent, intransigent, resolute, rigidstar

Antonyms: flexible, irresolute, lenient, weak, willing

2.Extremist(उग्रवादी)

Synonyms: fanatic, radical, zealot, agitator, revolutionary

Antonyms: moderate, conservative

3.Discreetly(सावधानी से/चतुराई से)

Synonyms: deliberately, intentionally, carefully, cautiously, consciously

Antonyms: unintentionally

4.Steadily(तेजी से)

Synonyms: regularly, fixedly, immovably, undeviatingly, unwaveringly

5.Assassinate (हत्या)

Synonyms: execute, gun down, kill, slaughter, slay

Antonyms: bear, create, give birth, keep

6.Frosty(ठंढा/पालेदार)

Synonyms: chilly, frigid, glacial, icy, wintry

Antonyms: amicable, friendly, hot, responsive, warm

7.Rupture(संबंध विच्छेद/टूटना).

Synonyms: breach, fissure, fracture, hernia, schism

Antonyms: agreement, closing, closure, harmony, peace

8.Entourage(घेरा

Synonyms: retinue, associates, attendants, companions, company

Antonyms: leader


EDITORIAL- 2

The regional mix: on the Nagaland-Meghalaya polls


Nagaland and Meghalaya go to the polls (चुनाव) on Tuesday, nine days after voters in Tripura voted, at a time when there is a change in the nature of political contestation(मुक़ाबला) in all three States. If the Tripura campaign was marked by the rise of the Bharatiya Janata Party as a force in the reckoning(गणना), regional parties, including newly formed ones, are expected to have a greater say in the elections to the other two States. In Nagaland, former Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio, elected unopposed(निर्विरोध) from a constituency in Kohima district, has added a new wrinkle (शिकन) to the contest by resigning from the ruling Naga People’s Front and joining a new party which he had helped found, the Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party. The NDPP has stitched an electoral alliance with the BJP, ceding 20 of the 60 seats, and is now seen as the main competitor to the ruling NPF, even as the Congress has been reduced to a shell of its old organisational(संगठनात्मक) self. The NPF had in any case lured(प्रलोभन/फुसलाना) legislators(विधायकों) from the Congress and others into its fold during its previous term in power, leaving the legislative assembly with no opposition. This was before differences within the Front cropped up, resulting in the resignation (इस्तीफा) of Chief Minister T.R. Zeliang in February 2017 and the appointment of Shurhozelie Liezietsu, and the return of Mr. Zeliang to the post again in July 2017 after yet another upheaval(उथलपुथल।). These internal differences, besides Mr. Rio’s exit, have weakened the NPF in the bipolar(द्विध्रुवी) contest between the NPF and the NDPP-BJP. Interestingly(सुहावना होते हुए/दिलचस्पी से), the BJP has said that its relations with the NPF are intact(बरकरार), indicating it is hedging its bets till the results are out. The contest is less of a battle(लड़ना) of agendas than a clash of personalities — which does not augur (भविष्य बतलाना) well.

In Meghalaya, the polling takes place against the backdrop of extremist violence(अतिवादी हिंसा): Nationalist Congress Party candidate Jonathone Sangma was assassinated(हत्या करना) on February 18. There appears to be a keen contest between the ruling Congress party and the National People’s Party, founded by former Lok Sabha Speaker P.A. Sangma and now led by his son Conrad. A coalition of ethnic parties (जातीय दलों) concentrated in the Khasi-Jaintia Hills is expected to play spoiler(रंग मे भंग करनेवाला/लुटेरा). The BJP is a bit player in Meghalaya, but it has forged an alliance with the NPP in Manipur and may play a larger part if the party and other regional forces manage to oust the long-standing Congress regime. With unemployment and a sluggish(सुस्त/मंदगति) economy being major issues, the Congress has sought to run on its record of bringing back peace to the State. As things stand in both Meghalaya and Nagaland, it will be no surprise if post-election realignments (पुनर्निर्धारण) among political parties, rather than the existing equations, decide the nature of the governments that will be formed.

Important Vocabulary

1.Unopposed(निर्विरोध)

Synonyms: unanimous, uncontested, unimpeded, unobstructed

Antonyms: challenged, opposed

2.Intact(बरकरार)

Synonyms: flawless, perfect, unblemished, unbroken, unharmed

Antonyms: broken, damaged, flawed, harmed, hurt

3.Bipolar(द्विध्रुवी)

Synonyms: oscillating, undulating, vacillating, capricious, inconstant

Antonyms: constant, steady, fixed, reliable, unmoving

4.Augur (भविष्य बतलाना)

Synonyms: diviner, forecaster, harbinger, herald, oracle

5.Upheaval(उथलपुथल।).

Synonyms: cataclysm, catastrophe, disaster, disorder, disruption

Antonyms: blessing, calm, good fortune, good luck, happiness

6.Spoiler(रंग मे भंग करनेवाला/लुटेरा).

Synonyms: blockhead, blunderer, bonehead, botcher, bumbler

Antonyms: brain, genius, success

7.Sluggish(सुस्त/मंदगति)

Synonyms: heavy, inactive, lethargic, listless, slack

Antonyms: active, alert, busy, energetic, lively

 

Credit The Hindu News paper

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