The Hindu Editorial Decoding in HINDI | 27 Feb 2018

Here we have covered both the editorials of 27 feb 2018 :

EDITORIAL- 1

Xi unlimited: on Xi Jinping’s presidential term

The Chinese Communist Party’s proposal to abolish (समाप्त करना/रद्द करना) term limits on the presidency, and thereby allow Xi Jinping to stay on in power beyond 2023 when his second term ends, is not completely unexpected(अप्रत्याशित). When he was re-elected party chief and President for a second term in October, no one was projected as a potential(संभावित/सशक्त) successor(उत्तराधिकारी). This was a break with tradition and triggered (रोका गया) speculation(विचार/परिकल्पना) about him remaining President beyond the second term. Mr. Xi is arguably the most powerful leader of China since Mao Zedong. At the 19th Party Congress in October, “Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics(विशेषताएँ/लक्षण) for a New Era” was written into the party charter, setting him apart from his recent predecessors(पूर्वज). He does not just control the main pillars(आधार) of the Chinese state — the party, the government and the military. In 2016, the party accorded(सहमत होना/प्रदान की) him special stature by making him the “Core Leader”. Just as Deng Xiaoping oversaw China’s economic rise, Mr. Xi has raised its profile in global geopolitics(भूगोलीय राजनीति). He has pursued a more assertive (मुखर/स्वीकारात्मक) foreign policy in China’s neighbourhood and launched massive infrastructure(आधारिक संरचना) programmes across the world as part of the Belt and Road Initiative(पहल/प्रेरणा). But despite the power amassed, long-term projects launched and his own apparent ambitions(महत्वाकांक्षा), the constitution was seen as a limit to his stint in power. With the latest proposal on removing the term limit, which is certain(कुछ/निश्चित) to be endorsed (समर्थन किया/अनुलेखित) by parliament, Mr. Xi may find greater room for manoeuvre (पैंतरेबाज़ी) in speeding up the next generation of economic reforms(सुधारों).

The timing of the announcement itself, however, has taken many by surprise. Mr. Xi was about to begin his second term as President next month, and so has five years to introduce the constitutional(संवैधानिक/स्वाभाविक) changes needed. But with a proposal moved to amend the constitution a week ahead of a People’s Congress convention(सम्मेलन/सभा), Mr. Xi has made it clear he does not want to leave anything to chance while consolidating(मजबूत) his position. At present there is no rival power centre within the Communist Party to challenge Mr. Xi. But the centralisation of so much power in one individual(व्यक्ति/अकेला), which is the antithesis(विलोम/विरोध) of China’s professed commitment to ‘collective leadership(सामूहिक नेतृत्व)’, may well impact the power dynamics, given the succession battles(लड़ाई) of the past. The party introduced the term limit in the post-Deng era principally to bring in order and stability(स्थिरता) at a time when China was becoming an economic powerhouse. Two of Mr. Xi’s immediate predecessors stepped down after their second term, having groomed the next generation of leaders, including Mr. Xi. By breaking with this pattern, Mr. Xi risks taking China back to the days of personality cults, internal power struggles and possibly chaotic(अराजक/गड़बड़) successions.

Important Vocabulary

1.Endorsed (समर्थन किया/अनुलेखित)
Synonyms: approved, backed, ratified, recommended, sanctioned
Antonyms: disapproved, discouraged, cancelled, vetoed

2.Predecessors(पूर्वज)
Synonyms: ancestor, forebear, antecedent, forerunner, former
Antonyms: derivative, descendant, successor

3.Speculation(विचार/परिकल्पना)
Synonyms: belief, conjecture, opinion, thought, cerebration
Antonyms: reality, truth, disdain, disregard, ignorance

4.Antithesis(विलोम/विरोध)
Synonyms: antipode, contra, contradictory, contrary, contrast
Antonyms: same, similarity

5.Chaotic(अराजक/गड़बड़)
Synonyms: anarchic, disorganized, helter-skelter, lawless, tumultuous
Antonyms: calm, harmonized, normal, ordered, organized

6.Assertive (मुखर/स्वीकारात्मक)
Synonyms: confident, decisive, emphatic, forceful, insistent
Antonyms: indefinite, meek, unsure, diffident, quiet

7.Abolish (समाप्त करना/रद्द करना)
Synonyms: abrogate, annul, cancel, dissolve, eradicate
Antonyms:allow, approve, create, establish, fix

 

 


EDITORIAL- 2

Ms. India: on Sridevi’s pan-India appeal


 

Sridevi Kapoor Ayyappan, who passed away on Saturday, made her debut in cinema as a child artiste in the Tamil film Thunaivan in 1969. It was the same year that Amitabh Bachchan, more than 20 years her senior, faced the camera for the first time in Saat Hindustani. Even that early start does not take away from her remarkable feat(उल्लेखनीय उपलब्धि) of packing into her short life of 54 years almost 300 films and a career spanning five decades. More than the numbers, her career stands out for the sheer(वास्तविक/परिपूर्ण) diversity(विविधता) of roles she played. Sridevi could not be restricted by linguistic(भाषाई) or territorial(क्षेत्रीय/प्रादेशिक) boundaries. She could pull off Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam films with the same ease(आराम) with which she ruled over the Tamil and Hindi film scenes. In this respect she outdid almost all her contemporaries(समकालीनों), male or female. Sridevi is often credited with rewriting the rules of stardom(प्रसिद्ध अभिनेत्रियाँ) and wresting the rightful space for the heroine in cinema. From Sivaji Ganesan to Nawazuddin Siddiqui, she acted with several generations of heroes and was that rare heroine to have starred as the lead with a real-life father and son, Dharmendra and Sunny Deol. But none of her superstar heroes — be it Bachchan, Shah Rukh Khan, Kamal Haasan or Rajinikanth — could achieve success in as many languages as she did. They were kings of their own fiefdoms(जागीर), while all of India was her playground.

What she lost out on was childhood. Her first adult role happened at the age of 13, opposite Kamal Haasan and Rajinikanth, in K. Balachander’s Moondru Mudichu (1976). Apart from Balachander, her other significant mentors(महत्वपूर्ण आकाओं) were Bharathiraja and Balu Mahendra. Their complicated(उलझा हुआ/पेचीदा), moving love stories, 16 Vayathinile (1977) and Moondram Pirai (1982), did not just firmly(दृढ़तापूर्वक) entrench(मोरचा करना) Sridevi in the Tamil film industry; the Hindi remakes Solva Sawan (1979) and Sadma (1983) forced the Hindi film industry to take note. It is widely(व्यापक रूपसे) agreed that her performances in southern cinema were far more organic than her glamorous(आकर्षक) turns in the north, be it Varumayin Niram Sivappu, Meendum Kokila or Kshana Kshanam. But she managed to display her enormous(विशाल/भारी) range in Hindi films too. She comfortably(आराम से) swung between parallel(समानांतर) streams of critical and commercial hits in Hindi. She started off with kitschy song-and-dance routines in southern productions. Despite being initially unversed in Hindi, she worked hard on her way to the top. Chandni, Mr. India, Chaalbaaz and Lamhe showed her versatility(चंचलता) — drama, emotion, dance, comedy, even action. Sridevi may not have crossed over to international projects but her appeal went beyond India. Spontaneous(स्वाभाविक/स्वैच्छिक) outpouring of affection is expected when a young life is suddenly cut short. In her case it was also to do with the personal connect she established(कायम करना) with individual viewers. Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam — in each industry she had a special place for herself. But the fact is that she couldn’t be owned by any one; she belonged to all.

Important Vocabulary

1.Territorial(क्षेत्रीय/प्रादेशिक)
Synonyms: provincial, national, sectional, areal

2.Contemporaries(समकालीनों)
Synonyms: breed, crop, time, aeon, day
Antonyms: destruction

3.Firmly(दृढ़तापूर्वक)
Synonyms: rigidly, securely, solidly, soundly, strongly
Antonyms: changeably, flexibly, indefinitely, movably, waveringly

4.Entrench(मोरचा करना)
Synonyms: definestarembedstarensconcestarfortifystaringrain
Antonyms: discourage, dissuade, hurt, weaken, destroy

5.Parallel(समानांतर)
Synonyms: coordinate, lateral, alongside, co extending, coextensive
Antonyms: crooked, different, dissimilar, divergent, separate

6.versatility(चंचलता)
Synonyms: adaptability, ambidexterity, skillfulness, utility, versatileness

7.Spontaneous(स्वाभाविक/स्वैच्छिक)
Synonyms: casual, impromptu, instinctive, offhand, simple
Antonyms: deliberate, planned, intended, premeditated

8.Sheer(वास्तविक/परिपूर्ण)
Synonyms: erect, precipitate, arduous, headlong, perpendicular
Antonyms: heavy, impermeable, indefinite, moderate, slow

9.Feat(उपलब्धि)
Synonyms: accomplishment, adventure, deed, exploit, performance
Antonyms: defeat, failure, forfeit, loss, cessation

 

Credit  The Hindu News Paper

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