Italian elections: As tangled as spaghetti

Italian elections: As tangled as spaghetti

Europe’s inevitable(अनिवार्य/अटल) rise as a distinct(विशिष्ट/स्पष्ट) global power centre, given China’s rise, Russia’s aggression(आक्रमण/अतिक्रमण) and loss of US appetite(भूख/चाव) for global leadership, is being hindered by the indeterminate(दुविधा में पड़ा हुआ/अनिश्‍चित) outcome of Italy’s elections. The good news, even as Italy’s voters registered their dissatisfaction(असंतोष) with establishment(स्थापना/संस्थापन) politics by voting for a new party founded by a clown, the anti-establishment Five Star Movement, former prime minister Berlusconi’s centre-right Forza Italia and the far-right and Eurosceptic Northern League, is that, in Germany, the Social Democratic Party (SPD) finally declared its willingness(स्वेच्छा/तत्परता) to back Angela Merkel for a fourth term as Chancellor(कुलाधिपति/सचिव). A weakened Merkel, working with ambitious(महत्त्वाकांक्षी/उमंगी) Emmanuel Macron of France, will have to rally the Europeans without much help from the Italians. But the Italian voter revolt(विद्रोह/घृणा उत्पन्न होना), driven largely by economic mismanagement and migration(प्रवास/स्थानान्तरण), has not been decisive enough.

While the Five Star Movement has emerged(उभरा/निकलना) as the single-largest party on the strength of its showing in poorer south, it lacks(अभाव/चाहना) the numbers to form the government. The big gainer has been the right-wing alliance comprising former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi’s centre-right Forza Italia and the far-right. The Northern League has made gains in broad(व्यापक/सामान्य) swathes(चपेट में/बाँधना) of the country’s north, while the populist Five Star Movement, an insurgent(विद्रोही/बाग़ी) protest party founded by comedian Beppe Grillo in 2009, is expected to have a key role in shaping(गठन करने का कार्य) the next government in Rome.With no party or alliance in a position to form government on its own, the nature of permutations and combinations(संयोजन) that emerge remains to be seen. A period of uncertainty(परिवर्तन/संदेह) lies ahead for Europe’s third-largest economy as political parties try stitching up a coalition.

Important vocabulary

Synonyms: definite, noticeable, recognizable, specific, unmistakable
Antonyms: indefinite, indistinct, obscure, uncertain, vague

Synonyms: craving, demand, fondness, greed, hunger
Antonyms : apathy, disinclination, dislike, hate, hatred

Synonyms: defection, insurgency, insurrection, mutiny, rebellion
Antonyms : obedience, calm, harmony, peace

Synonyms: appear, arrive, come up, crop up, develop
Antonyms: abandon, decrease, disappear, drop, fall

Synonyms: deep, expansive, extensive, full, generous
Antonyms: limited, little, miniature, narrow, quiet

6.Shaping(गठन करने का कार्य)
Synonyms: build, carve, construct, embody, fashion
Antonyms: demolish, destroy, dismantle, raze, ruin


Synonyms: assault, encroachment, invasion, offensive, onslaught



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