Financing pollution control funds health

  Financing pollution control funds health

Indian cities have among the poorest air quality in the world. The new database released by the World Health Organisation (WHO) attests to this. While critics(समीक्षक/आलोचक) could argue(तर्क करना) that improvements are not reflected in the WHO database as it does not use data beyond 2016, there is no disputing(संदेह करना/विवाद) the fact that despite the improvements, air quality in cities across the country remains far from desirable(श्रेय/आकर्षक). Air pollution, both ambient(व्यापक/चारो ओर से घेरने वाला) and indoor, is a public health hazard(जोखिम/खतरा). It costs lives. Globally, about 6.5 million people die prematurely(समय से पहले ही) every year from exposure(पहुंचाना/भंडाफोड़) to outdoor and indoor air pollution. WHO estimates that in 2016, 1.3 million deaths in the Southeast Asia Region that includes India could be attributed(जिम्मेदार ठहराया/मत्थे मढ़ना) to ambient(व्यापक) air pollution.

Children, particularly those below the age of five, the elderly and the infirm are more vulnerable(आलोचनीय/भेद्य). Poor air quality results in a higher incidence(घटना) of respiratory(सांस लेने का/श्वास प्रश्वास सम्बन्धी) tract diseases(रोगों/व्याधि) and infections(संक्रमण/रोग-संचार), and cardiovascular(हृदय तथा रक्तवाहिकाओं संबंधी) ailments(बीमारियों). The adverse impacts of poor air quality go far beyond poor health outcomes. It means higher medical expenses that affect the poor disproportionately (बेढंगे तौर पर) and undermine efforts to improve living standards and eradicate(उन्मूलन/जड़ से उखाड़ना) poverty(दरिद्रता/निर्धनता). It also results in loss of productivity, and poor cognitive(संज्ञानात्मक) skills in children that affect their development, adversely(प्रतिकूल/विपरीत ढंग से) impacting(को प्रभावित) the economy. It is estimated that air pollution resulted in losses to the tune of 7.2% of the global economy. For India, air pollution is a serious public health, economic and environmental problem. The recognition(मान्यता/पहचान) that air pollution is a serious problem is reflected(प्रतिबिंबित) in government policy and proposals such as facilitating(आसान कर देना) a shift to clean cooking fuels to address indoor air pollution or solutions to crop burning(जलाना/प्रज्वलित). The National Clean Air Plan (NCAP), though imperfect, is an important step. However, any serious effort to tackle air pollution must go beyond measurement(पैमाइश/नाप) and abatement(कमी/समाप्ति); the focus must be on the drivers of pollution. Finance for this would indirectly fund public health as well. Which means that funds for pollution control can legitimately(वैध तरीके से) be added to the meagre(थोड़ा/तुच्छ) public spending on healthcare.

Important Vocabulary

1.Critics(समीक्षक/आलोचक)
Synonyms: authority, cartoonist, commentator, expert, judge
Antonyms: amateur, complimented, praise

2.Ambient(व्यापक/चारो ओर से घेरने वाला)
Synonyms: circling, moving, rotating, ambient, circulatory
Antonyms: motionless, stationary, still

3.Facilitating(आसान कर देना)
Synonyms: aid, ease, expedite, further, help
Antonyms:block, cease, check, delay, halt

4.Poverty(दरिद्रता/निर्धनता).
Synonyms: bankruptcy, debt, deficit, difficulty, famine
Antonyms:abundance, ease, enough, excess, plenty

5.Hazard(जोखिम/खतरा).
Synonyms: peril, risk, threat, dynamite, endangerment
Antonyms: safety, assurance, certainty, determination, fact

6.Eradicate(उन्मूलन/जड़ से उखाड़ना)
Synonyms: abolish, annihilate, eliminate, erase, expunge
Antonyms: bear, build, create, ratify, construct

7.Abatement(कमी/समाप्ति)
Synonyms: decline, decrease, discount, reduction
Antonyms: enlargement, increase, rise

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