Deal breaker: on the U.S.’ withdrawal from the Iran deal

Deal breaker: on the U.S.’ withdrawal from the Iran deal

President Donald Trump’s decision to unilaterally(एकतरफा) pull the U.S. out of the Iran nuclear deal is a huge setback to multilateral(बहुपक्षीय/बहुमुखी) diplomacy(कूटनीति/राजनीति) and the rules-based international order. The agreement, signed in 2015 by Iran with the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, Germany and the EU, curtailed(कटौती/संक्षिप्त करना) its nuclear programme in return for withdrawing economic sanctions. It was reached after 18 months of painful negotiations(बातचीत/जीत पाना). Under the deal, most of Iran’s enriched(समृद्ध बनाना/बढ़ाना) uranium was shipped out of the country, a heavy water facility was rendered(प्रस्तुत करना/लौटाना) inoperable(निष्क्रिय/अप्रभावी) and the operational nuclear facilities were brought under international inspection(निरीक्षण/मुआयना). In Iran, the moderate government of President Hassan Rouhani went ahead with the deal despite strong opposition from hardliners. Mr. Trump has just wrecked(तोड़ दिया है/बर्बाद) all these efforts(प्रयासों/कोशिशें), despite(के बावजूद/विरोध से) numerous reports, including from American intelligence agencies, that Iran is 100% compliant with the terms of the agreement. When the Joint Comprehensive(विस्तृत/व्यापक) Plan of Action, as the deal is formally called, was signed, many had raised doubts about whether Iran could be trusted to comply(पालन ​​करना/स्वीकार करना) with the terms(शर्तों). Three years later, unfortunately, it’s the U.S., which had initiated(आरंभ करना/संस्कार करना) talks with Iran under the previous administration, that has acted in bad faith.

Mr. Trump’s decision is not about nuclear weapons. If his administration was actually concerned about Iran acquiring(प्राप्ति) them, it would have supported a deal that closes the path towards nuclear weapons for Iran. Instead, the bigger concern for Mr. Trump as well as Washington’s closest allies in West Asia — Israel and Saudi Arabia — is Iran’s re-accommodation in the global economic mainstream. They fear that if Iran’s economic profile rises, it will embolden(प्रोत्साहित करना/निर्भीक बनाना) it to increase(वृद्धि/विस्तार) its regional presence, posing a strategic threat(धमकी/ख़तरा) to the interests of the U.S.-Saudi-Israel axis. This crisis(संकटकाल) of trust could have been avoided had the Trump administration built on the goodwill created during the Obama years. Mr. Trump has always been a critic of the Iran deal, and the Islamic Republic in general. Now, by pulling out of the deal he has manufactured a crisis in an already tumultuous(उतार-चढ़ाव भरे) region(भूभाग/क्षेत्र). The U.S. action doesn’t necessarily trigger an immediate collapse(पतन/संक्षिप्त करें)of the agreement. For now, Europe, Russia and China remain committed to it. Iran has responded cautiously(सावधानी से,/सतर्कतापूर्वक), with the Foreign Minister saying he will engage diplomatically with the remaining signatories. But the challenges will emerge, not only for Europe but also for other nations with strong trade ties with Iran, including India, once American sanctions are in place. The U.S. stands isolated(पृथक/अलग किया) in its decision. But the question is whether Europe and other powers will stick together to respect the mandate of an international agreement, or buckle under American pressure. If they do cave in, West Asia will be a lot more dangerous.

 

Important Vocabulary

1.Rendered(प्रस्तुत करना/लौटाना)
Synonyms: accomplished, concluded, done, effected, carried out

2.Enriched(समृद्ध बनाना/बढ़ाना)
Synonyms: embellished, enhanced, fortified:

3.Inoperable(निष्क्रिय/अप्रभावी)
Synonyms: deadly, fatal, hopeless, inoperable, impossible
Antonyms: healthful, wholesome, curable, healable, medicable

4.Inspection(निरीक्षण/मुआयना)
Synonyms: analysis, checkup, inquiry, investigation, probe
Antonyms: ignorance, neglect

5.Wrecked(तोड़ दिया है/बर्बाद)
Synonyms: broken, demolished, dismantled, ruined, shattered
Antonyms: clear-headed, fixed, rebuilt, repaired, sober

6.Embolden(प्रोत्साहित करना/निर्भीक बनाना)
Synonyms: buoy, energize, inspire, invigorate, reassure
Antonyms: discourage, dishearten, dissuade, depress

7.Crisis(संकटकाल)
Synonyms: catastrophe, change, confrontation, crunch, deadlock
Antonyms: agreement, benefit, blessing, breakthrough, calm

8.Cautiously(सावधानी से,/सतर्कतापूर्वक)
Synonyms: carefully, slowly, guardedly

9.Collapse(पतन/संक्षिप्त करें
Synonyms: bankruptcy, catastrophe, crash, debacle, destruction
Antonyms: miracle, success, wonder, creation, good fortune

10.Tumultuous(उतार-चढ़ाव भरे)
Synonyms: boisterous, fierce, hectic, raucous, riotous
Antonyms: calm, gentle, mild, moderate, peaceful

11.Isolated(पृथक/अलग किया)
Synonyms: confined, deserted, detached, hidden, lonely
Antonyms: close, open, cherished, included, incorporated

 


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Credit To The Hindu News Paper

President Donald Trump’s decision to unilaterally pull the U.S. out of the Iran nuclear deal is a huge setback to multilateral diplomacy and the rules-based international order. The agreement, signed in 2015 by Iran with the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, Germany and the EU, curtailed its nuclear programme in return for withdrawing economic sanctions. It was reached after 18 months of painful negotiations. Under the deal, most of Iran’s enriched uranium was shipped out of the country, a heavy water facility was rendered inoperable and the operational nuclear facilities were brought under international inspection. In Iran, the moderate government of President Hassan Rouhani went ahead with the deal despite strong opposition from hardliners. Mr. Trump has just wrecked all these efforts, despite numerous reports, including from American intelligence agencies, that Iran is 100% compliant with the terms of the agreement. When the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, as the deal is formally called, was signed, many had raised doubts about whether Iran could be trusted to comply with the terms. Three years later, unfortunately, it’s the U.S., which had initiated talks with Iran under the previous administration, that has acted in bad faith.

Mr. Trump’s decision is not about nuclear weapons. If his administration was actually concerned about Iran acquiring them, it would have supported a deal that closes the path towards nuclear weapons for Iran. Instead, the bigger concern for Mr. Trump as well as Washington’s closest allies in West Asia — Israel and Saudi Arabia — is Iran’s re-accommodation in the global economic mainstream. They fear that if Iran’s economic profile rises, it will embolden it to increase its regional presence, posing a strategic threat to the interests of the U.S.-Saudi-Israel axis. This crisis of trust could have been avoided had the Trump administration built on the goodwill created during the Obama years. Mr. Trump has always been a critic of the Iran deal, and the Islamic Republic in general. Now, by pulling out of the deal he has manufactured a crisis in an already tumultuous region. The U.S. action doesn’t necessarily trigger an immediate collapse of the agreement. For now, Europe, Russia and China remain committed to it. Iran has responded cautiously, with the Foreign Minister saying he will engage diplomatically with the remaining signatories. But the challenges will emerge, not only for Europe but also for other nations with strong trade ties with Iran, including India, once American sanctions are in place. The U.S. stands isolated in its decision. But the question is whether Europe and other powers will stick together to respect the mandate of an international agreement, or buckle under American pressure. If they do cave in, West Asia will be a lot more dangerous.

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