Leaving some behind to move them ahead

   Leaving some behind to move them ahead

The proposal to modify the “no-detention(स्र्कावट/हिरासत)” policy by introducing examinations at class 5 and class 8 will help improve learning outcomes in schools. It creates a set of learning outcomes at the primary and upper primary levels, and a system to ensure(सुनिश्चित करना) that students acquire(प्राप्त करना/अर्जित करना) the minimum competence to be able to benefit from the next level of education.

The bulk(बड़ा हिस्सा/विस्तार) of India’s school children are first-generation learners. They have little by way of support and resources for learning at home and have to contend with malnutrition(कुपोषण/अपुष्ट-भोजन), poverty, poor sanitation(स्वास्थ्यविद्या/स्वच्छता) — factors that adversely impact cognitive(संज्ञानात्मक ) skills(कौशल). Additionally, many children have to earn something for the family and shoulder responsibilities such as looking after younger siblings(एक माँ की संताने). It was felt that holding back students to repeat a grade would undermine universal elementary education. This led to the no-detention policy in the Right to Education Act. No detention became a proxy for no testing, depriving(वंचित करना/हटाना) teachers of an incentive(प्रोत्साहन/प्रेरणा) to ensure that students learnt. Teachers were not adequately(पर्याप्त रूप से) trained for this change in approach. In this context, testing and detention at the primary (class 5) and upper primary (class 8) levels make for a good intersection between the need to not create additional hurdles to schooling and ensuring that children learn at school. What it does is ensure that students are equipped(सुसज्जित/सजाया हुआ) with the requisite skills and learning to tackle the next stage of education, while retaining the flexibility divergent(विभिन्न/अलग-अलग) student backgrounds demand and doing without the stigma(कलंक/धब्बा) of detention. However, this proposal is not a silver bullet to improve learning outcomes. The focus must be on empowering teachers so that they can calibrate(जांच करना/ठीक करना) the curriculum in a manner that maximises the learning experience of the students.

Important Vocabulary

1.Detention(स्र्कावट/हिरासत
Synonyms: arrest, custody, delay, incarceration, internment
Antonyms: aid, assistance, help, freedom, liberation

2.Acquire(प्राप्त करना/अर्जित करना)
Synonyms: achieve, amass, bring in, buy, collect
Antonyms: disperse, divide, fail, forfeit, give

3.Malnutrition(कुपोषण/अपुष्ट-भोजन)
Synonyms: hunger, starvation, bulimia, malnourishment, undernourishment

4.Incentive(प्रोत्साहन/प्रेरणा)
Synonyms: encouragement, enticement, impetus, motivation, reason
Antonyms: discouragement, hindrance, deterrent, dislike. Prevention

5.Divergent(विभिन्न/अलग-अलग)
Synonyms: atypical, conflicting, contradictory, contrary, different
Antonyms: agreeing, alike, conforming, correspondent, equal

6.Calibrate(जांच करना/ठीक करना)
Synonyms: adjust, assess, average, calibrate, check
Antonyms: adjust, assess, average, calibrate, check

7.Stigma(कलंक/धब्बा)
Synonyms: scar, stain, blame, blemish, blot
Antonyms: approval, benefit, esteem, exaltation, honor


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