Rain gods to be kind in poll year

       Rain gods to be kind in poll year

The India Meteorological Department(मौसम विज्ञान विभाग) (IMD), in its second-stage forecast on the monsoons, has said that the rains this season would “most likely” be normal, in the range of 96-104% of the long-period average (LPA) that is very reassuring(आश्वस्त), in the face of widespread(बड़े पैमाने पर) reports of farm distress(संकट/आपदा). However, there is bound to be spatial and temporal variation(परिवर्तन/तबदीली) nationally, which calls for proactive policy to build resilience(पलटाव/लचीलाता). Besides, the IMD, in forecasting June-September rainfall for the whole country to be 97% of the LPA, mentions an error factor of +/–4%. And further that rainfall during the month of July is likely to be 101% of its LPA, and 94% for August, but with an error factor of +/–9%.The vagaries(अनियमितता/मौज), no doubt, add to the magic of the monsoons, but the issue at hand surely is to purposefully eschew runaway consumption(खपत /उपयोग) subsidies and attendant giveaways in agriculture, and, instead, boost investment in irrigation(सिंचाई), including drip-irrigation, shore up water recharge and storage infrastructure(आधारिक संरचना,/पूर्वावश्यकता), and dutifully provide for their maintenance.

In parallel(समानांतर/अनुरूप), there’s the pressing need to stepup solar-powered pumpsets and augment cold-storage capacity. The rains during August are expected to be somewhat less this year, due to the Indian Ocean Dipole(हिंद महासागर द्विध्रुवीय) (IOD), a measure of the surface-water temperature difference in the west and east equatorial Indian Ocean, which is a factor known to affect the monsoons. The projections suggest that a weak negative IOD phase is likely in the second half of the rainy season, with higher water temperatures in the eastern Indian Ocean. But then, we do need to prepare for a new normal characterised(विशेषता/वर्णन करना) by depressed monsoons and weakening rainfall patterns due to global warming and climate change. It is a fact that in the last several years, there’s been wide variance in the precipitation(अत्यन्त शीघ्रता से/तेज चाल) record and overall performance of the monsoons. It is high time for an annual Water Survey, on the pattern of the Economic Survey, say, in October, for a closer look at India’s choppy and policy-challenged water economy.


Important Vocabulary

1.Widespread(बड़े पैमाने पर)
Synonyms: across the board, all over the place, boundless, broad, common, comprehensive
Antonyms: concentrated, limited, local, narrow

Synonyms: quirk, whim, crotchet, fancy, humor

Synonyms: coordinate, lateral, alongside, coextending, coextensive
Antonyms: crooked, different, dissimilar, divergent, separate

Synonyms: ache, affliction, anguish, anxiety, blues
Antonyms: advantage, aid, blessing, calm, calmness

5.Precipitation(अत्यन्त शीघ्रता से/तेज चाल)
Synonyms: drizzle, rain, rainfall, rainstorm, sleet
Antonyms: dryness


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