Combating Smartphone Distraction, Overuse

  Combating Smartphone Distraction, Overuse

Apple’s decision to address the unprecedented(अभूतपूर्व /बेजोड़) hold that smartphones hold over their users’ time and life, in general, is welcome. Apple’s new tool, Screen Time, will enable users to monitor the periodicity( निगरानी करें/दौरा) and time spent on apps; it also allows users to set limits on the amount of time spent on an app. Apple’s announcement is an acknowledgement of the seriousness of the problems that smartphones present to cognitive(संज्ञानात्मक) abilities(क्षमताओं/योग्यता), productivity and social skills.

Smartphone use has reached addiction(लत/व्यसन) proportions(परिमाण/पैमाना) . Apple’s data says a typical user checks and uses her phone some 80 times a day. But unlike other addictions, smartphones hold sway even when not actively used. Smartphone has become an integral(अनिवार्य/संपूर्ण) part of everyday life driven by its internet connectivity, the multiplicity of apps, and portability.

At the same time, smartphones can diminish(कम करना) vital(महत्वपूर्ण/जीवनाधार) mental skills such as learning, logical reasoning, abstract(संक्षेप/निराकार) thought, problem solving and creativity(रचनात्मकता). Research shows that as the brain grows dependent(आश्रित/निर्भर) on technology, the intellect weakens.

At a time when the emphasis is on innovation(नवीनीकरण/नवीनता), smartphones present a major distraction(व्याकुलता/पागलपन). A smartphone, even an unattended one, creates distractions that make it harder to focus on a problem or job. The division of attention impedes(बाधा उत्पन्न/रोकना) reasoning and performance, hurting productivity. The downside of a smartphone presents a challenge, particularly for developing countries.

At the same time, the smartphone is a great enabler, source of empowerment for the poor. The point is to retain these benefits while avoiding the pitfalls of excessive(अत्यधिक/बहिसाब) phone use. Apple offers a technology fix. However, it depends on the phone owner’s willingness to use it to regulate herself. Impulse control and self-discipline must figure at the core of education.

 

 

Important vocabulary

1.Addiction(लत/व्यसन)
Synonyms: bag, bent, craving, dependence, enslavement
Antonyms: dislike, hate, indifference

2.Proportions(परिमाण/पैमाना)
Synonyms: amount, area, breadth, compass, depth
Antonyms: unimportance

3.Integral(अनिवार्य/संपूर्ण)
Synonyms: elemental, essential, indispensable, intrinsic, component
Antonyms: nonessential, accessory, extrinsic, fractional, part

4.Vital(महत्वपूर्ण/जीवनाधार)
Synonyms: basic, critical, crucial, decisive, fundamental
Antonyms: additional, extra, inessential, insignificant, meaningless

5.Abstract(संक्षेप/निराकार)
Synonyms: abstruse, hypothetical, philosophical, unreal, complex
Antonyms: real, ignorant, simple, actual, concrete

6.Excessive(अत्यधिक/बहिसाब)
Synonyms: disproportionate, enormous, exaggerated, exorbitant, extra
Antonyms: cheap, close, economical, essential, inexpensive

7.Impedes(बाधा उत्पन्न/रोकना)
Synonyms:block, curb, cut off, delay, deter
Antonyms: advance, aid, allow, assist, encourage

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