Education remains a vital challenge

  Education remains a vital challenge

Three Indian higher education institutes are among the top 250 of the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings while another five make it to the list of top 500. Predictably(अनुमानतः/जाहिर) it is the IITs and the IISc, Bangalore that have made the cut. At the same time, industry estimates some 94% of engineering school graduates are unemployable.(बेरोजगार।).

A young girl takes her life because she has scored ‘only’ 74% in the school leaving board examinations. School learning outcome surveys) find that sizeable numbers of Class 8 students are unable to read and solve math problems at the Class 5 level. All these point to a crisis(संकट) in the Indian education system. This is a crisis that has been in the making and festering over the last seven decades(दशकों).

Through the ages, education has been a crucial(महत्वपूर्ण/निर्णायक) component(अंग) for growth and prosperity(समृद्धि/सफलता) of nations. It is even more important in today’s knowledge economy. Yet, the Indian education system has not been able to fully align(संरेखित/पंक्ति में करना) itself to this reality. Examination scores that rate students’ ability to recall information from memory rather than their comprehension(समझ/बूझ) and ability to apply their knowledge continue to be the most important marker of performance.

With increased(बढ़ा हुआ) mechanisation and developments like AI, reproducing information that is already available is not enough. If India is serious about sustained growth, and a larger global footprint, it must think beyond simply enabling(सक्रिय करने के/समर्थकारी) graduates to go abroad(विदेश में।).

It must build an education system that fosters innovation(नवीनीकरण), promotes creativity, and, most of all, encourages(प्रोत्साहित करना) analytical thinking and questioning. Global resources that can be accessed using ubiquitous(सर्वव्यापक) mobile broadband must be tapped for this.

Turning around a system which privileges(विशेषाधिकार) rote learning and test scores is not an easy task. The effort must begin with the schools.

Education at the school level must focus on students’ ability to understand and apply concepts. Improved teacher training, curricula reform and more freedom to educators to experiment are crucial if India is to address the crisis in its education system. Improved learning at the school level will lead to more innovation and research in higher education institutions.

 

Important Vocabulary

1.Innovation(नवीनीकरण),
Synonyms:modernization, addition, alteration, contraption, departure
Antonyms: stagnation, custom, habit, old, old hat

2.Crucial(महत्वपूर्ण/निर्णायक)
Synonyms: central, compelling, deciding, decisive, essential
Antonyms: inessential, insignificant, minor, optional, secondary

3.Comprehension(समझ/बूझ)
Synonyms: apprehension, awareness, apperception, capacity, cognizance
Antonyms: ignorance, inability, incomprehension, misinterpretation, mistake

4.Enabling(सक्रिय करने के/समर्थकारी)
Synonyms: permissive, sanctioning, facultative
Antonyms: disabling

5.Privileges(विशेषाधिकार)
Synonyms: advantage, allowance, authority, authorization, benefit
Antonyms: disadvantage, handicap, hindrance, loss, misfortune

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