Merkel’s deal

  Merkel’s deal

The German Chancellor averts the government’s fall with a compromise

Angela Merkel, now in her fourth term(शर्त/अवधि) as German Chancellor, has weathered(सहा) many crises(संकट) without jeopardising(जोखिम में डालना) the stability(स्थिरता) of the government in Berlin, or the integrity(प्रामाणिकता/सत्यनिष्ठा) of the eurozone. After an inconclusive(अधूरा/अनिर्णायक) election in September 2017, she held firm against the demands of smaller parties that seemed(दिखाई पड़ना/लगना) incompatible with her moderate(मध्यम/सीमित) and accommodative(अनुकूल/उदार) stance (स्वरूप/रुख ) . In March, the initially(प्रारंभ में/शुरू में) reluctant(असन्तुष्ट/अनिच्छुक) centre-left Social Democratic Party (SPD) saw wisdom(बुद्धिमत्ता/बुद्धिमानी) in reviving(पुनर्जीवित/प्रसन्न करना) the grand(भव्य) coalition(गठबंधन) with Ms. Merkel’s conservative(अपरिवर्तनवादी/रूढ़िवादी) Christian Democratic Union as the only realistic (यथार्थवादी/वास्तववादी) option to avert(टालना/हटाना) another poll. This week she resolved(संकल्प लिया/विचार) a row on the refugee(शरणार्थी) question that could have ended the CDU’s 70-year alliance(संधि/संबंध) with its sister party from Bavaria, the Christian Social Union, and risked her government’s fall. Horst Seehofer, the Interior Minister(गृह मंत्री) from the CSU, wanted migrants(प्रवासियों/) to be immediately(हाथोंहाथ/तत्काल) turned back to the country of their original registration in the European Union. The Chancellor held that the proposal was at odds with the bloc’s principle of free movement as embodied in the Schengen passport-free zone and would undermine EU unity. Under the latest compromise(समझौता), asylum(शरण /आश्रय) seekers(चाहने वालों) registered outside Germany would be accommodated(समायोजित) in transit(परिवर्तन/संक्रमण) centres on the border with Austria and sent directly to the respective(संबंधित ) states. The step represents a victory(विजय) for Mr. Seehofer, a staunch(कठोर/अटल) opponent(प्रतिद्वंद्वी) of the open-doors approach on migration who had threatened(धमकी दी ) to resign(इस्तीफा देने ) form his party and government positions. The compromise is a further dilution(कमजोर पड़ना) of Ms. Merkel’s bold 2015 move to allow about a million refugees(शरणार्थियों) into Germany, which was subsequently (तत्पश्चात्/इस के बाद)softened(नरम) by setting annual limits to curb(नियंत्रण) inflows. As a junior partner in the current coalition, the SPD had expressed(व्यक्त ) scepticism(संदेहवाद over the latest proposal, insisting that it fell outside the scope of the original agreement with the CDU. While echoing(गूंज/प्रतिध्वनियन) the concern(चिंता/मामला) that the transit centres not be reduced to internment camps, Ms. Merkel has given an assurance that people could not be held for long periods under the country’s constitution(संविधान/रचना) .

Clearly, Germany’s major mainstream(मुख्य धारा) parties are faced with the dangers that liberal(उदार/स्वार्थहीन) and centrist forces are up against across the EU and elsewhere. The number of refugee arrivals(आगमन) into Germany has fallen significantly(काफी/महत्व के साथ) since 2016. But the issue has acquired(प्राप्त/अर्जित) renewed urgency in view of elections scheduled for October in Bavaria. The CSU is anxious(चिंतित)/उत्सुक ) to arrest the erosion(कटाव) of its popular base in favour of the far-right Alternative(विकल्प) for Germany (AfD) and has been lurching further to the right itself. The perilous(खतरनाक/जोखिम) consequences(परिणाम) of that slant(तिरछा/झुकाव) have been evident(प्रत्यक्ष/जाहिर) in several EU states, the hollowing out of the political middle-ground and strengthening(वृद्धि/बलकारक) of extreme forces. On the other hand, the reality of mass immigration(आप्रवासन) today calls for a concerted(समेकित/सम्मिलित) approach(दृष्टिकोण) on conflict(संघर्ष) resolution and respect for the rule of law.

 

 

Important Vocabulary

1.stability(स्थिरता)
Synonyms: balance, cohesion, establishment, security, strength
Antonyms: doubt, instability, spinelessness, uncertainty, weakness

2.inconclusive(अधूरा/अनिर्णायक)
Synonyms: ambiguous, deficient, incomplete, uncertain, unconvincing
Antonyms: adequate, certain, clear, definite, perfect

3.moderate(मध्यम/सीमित)
Synonyms: balanced, bearable, cautious, conservative, gentle
Antonyms: biased, bright, harsh, imbalanced, incautious

4.reviving(पुनर्जीवित/प्रसन्न करना)
Synonyms: arouse, encourage, energize, invigorate, overcome
Antonyms: bore, break, damage, depress, destroy

5.realistic (यथार्थवादी/वास्तववादी)
Synonyms: businesslike, down-to-earth, practical, pragmatic, prudent
Antonyms: excited, impractical, inefficient, irrational, unrealistic

6.avert(टालना/हटाना)
Synonyms: avoid, deter, fend off, foil, forestall, halt
Antonyms: aid, allow, assist, help, support

7.wisdom(बुद्धिमत्ता/बुद्धिमानी)
Synonyms: acumen, caution, experience, foresight, intelligence
Antonyms: ignorance, imprudence, inability, ineptness, stupidity

8.asylum(शरण /आश्रय
Synonyms: haven, refuge, sanctuary, shelter, cover
Antonyms: danger

9.curb(नियंत्रण)
Synonyms: barrier, ledge, rein, restraint, restriction
Antonyms: freedom, center, encouragement, inside, interior

10.echoing(गूंज/प्रतिध्वनियन)
Synonyms: mirror, parallel, recall, reflect, reiterate
Antonyms: be original, differ, oppose, reverse

11.anxious(चिंतित)/उत्सुक )
Synonyms: afraid, apprehensive, careful, concerned, distressed
Antonyms: bold, brave, calm, collected, composed

12.slant(तिरछा/झुकाव)
Synonyms: leaning, camber, cant, declination, diagonal
Antonyms: evenness, level

13.perilous(खतरनाक/जोखिम)
Synonyms: delicate, dicey, hazardous, precarious, risky
Antonyms: calm, certain, definite, easy, firm

 

 

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

Angela Merkel, now in her fourth term as German Chancellor, has weathered many crises without jeopardising the stability of the government in Berlin, or the integrity of the eurozone. After an inconclusive election in September 2017, she held firm against the demands of smaller parties that seemed incompatible with her moderate and accommodative stance. In March, the initially reluctant centre-left Social Democratic Party (SPD) saw wisdom in reviving the grand coalition with Ms. Merkel’s conservative Christian Democratic Union as the only realistic option to avert another poll. This week she resolved a row on the refugee question that could have ended the CDU’s 70-year alliance with its sister party from Bavaria, the Christian Social Union, and risked her government’s fall. Horst Seehofer, the Interior Minister from the CSU, wanted migrants to be immediately turned back to the country of their original registration in the European Union. The Chancellor held that the proposal was at odds with the bloc’s principle of free movement as embodied in the Schengen passport-free zone and would undermine EU unity. Under the latest compromise, asylum seekers registered outside Germany would be accommodated in transit centres on the border with Austria and sent directly to the respective states. The step represents a victory for Mr. Seehofer, a staunch opponent of the open-doors approach on migration who had threatened to resign form his party and government positions. The compromise is a further dilution of Ms. Merkel’s bold 2015 move to allow about a million refugees into Germany, which was subsequently softened by setting annual limits to curb inflows. As a junior partner in the current coalition, the SPD had expressed scepticism over the latest proposal, insisting that it fell outside the scope of the original agreement with the CDU. While echoing the concern that the transit centres not be reduced to internment camps, Ms. Merkel has given an assurance that people could not be held for long periods under the country’s constitution.

Clearly, Germany’s major mainstream parties are faced with the dangers that liberal and centrist forces are up against across the EU and elsewhere. The number of refugee arrivals into Germany has fallen significantly since 2016. But the issue has acquired renewed urgency in view of elections scheduled for October in Bavaria. The CSU is anxious to arrest the erosion of its popular base in favour of the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) and has been lurching further to the right itself. The perilous consequences of that slant have been evident in several EU states, the hollowing out of the political middle-ground and strengthening of extreme forces. On the other hand, the reality of mass immigration today calls for a concerted approach on conflict resolution and respect for the rule of law.

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