The measure of tests: on JEE, NEET

  The measure of tests: on JEE, NEET

Allowing students to take JEE and NEET twice a year is logical
In an ideal system, admission to higher education courses would be based on assessment(मूल्यांकन/निर्धारण) of aptitude(योग्यता) and suitability(उपयुक्तता/अनुकूलता), and a testing process that is transparent, accessible(सुलभ ) and fair(निष्पक्ष). India’s policymakers have struggled(अधिक परिश्रम करना/संघर्ष करना) to create a credible(विश्वसनीय) national admissions apparatus(उपकरण) for professional degree programmes that accommodates(अनुकूल बनाना/स्थान देना) the diversity(परिवर्तन/विविधता ) and plurality(बहुलता/अधिकता) of the country. The two-level Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) for admission to technological institutes such as the IITs, NITs and IIITs, and the National Eligibility(योग्यता/पात्रता) cum Entrance Test (NEET) for undergraduate(पूर्वस्नातक) medical courses are steps in this direction — although(हालांकि) much work remains(बाकी है/अवशेष) to be done to make them accessible, especially(ख़ास तौर पर/विशेष रूप से) for rural(ग्रामीण ) students who suffer(पीड़ित होना/सहना) from various handicaps, not the least of which is a shaky(अशांत /कमजोर) school education system. Viewed against this background, the decision of the Centre to form a National Testing Agency to conduct(आचरण/व्यवहार) these and some other examinations is a progressive(प्रगतिशील) move. A professional agency would look at nothing other than the suitability of the candidate to pursue(लक्ष्य रखना/पीछा करना) a particular programme. Of course, there will be those that contend that the better-run States could have their own agencies perform the same task, but the expertise(विशेषज्ञता/निपुणता) of a national agency is preferable(बेहतर/उत्तम). The objective of aptitude testing in a populous country should be to enable(सक्षम करें/योग्य बनाना) mobility(गतिशीलता), and access to courses offered in any State. Peer-reviewed standards and curbs(नियंत्रण/प्रतिबंध) on commercialisation(व्यावसायीकरण ) can help expand higher education. In the case of medical courses, a common test such as NEET should make it possible to attend any of about 350 medical colleges, of which 175 are run by private entities(संस्थाओं/वास्तविकता) .

The idea of multiple opportunities to take a test in a single year, which the Centre has now adopted for JEE (Main) and NEET, is not really new, and is familiar(परिचित/सामान्य) to students entering universities abroad(विदेशों ), particularly those in the United States. In fact, the Ashok Misra committee set up by the Human Resource(संसाधन/उपाय) Development Ministry to review the JEE three years ago recommended that an online aptitude test be offered two or more times a year. The move to make both JEE (Main) and NEET available twice a year is consistent(संगत) with that advice(सलाह ) . However, a computer-based test should not turn into a barrier(प्रतिबंध/स्र्कावट) for students from rural backgrounds, and impose(लगाना/प्रभाव डालना additional expenditure(खर्च/लागत) on candidates for preparation, travel to a testing centre and so on. The reservations about online testing on such grounds should be overcome with good planning and allocation(आवंटन/बँटवारा) of sufficient funds. Equally important is the issue of regulation of coaching institutes — a sector worth about ₹24,000 crore a year, according to the Ashok Misra panel — in order to ensure that the changes do not result in further exploitation(शोषण/काम लेना) of students. Ultimately(अंतिम रूप में) , any process of reform at the level of entrance examinations can be meaningful only if the school education system is revamped(संशोधित /पुर्नोत्थान), and learning outcomes are improved(सुधार हुआ।).

 

Important vocabulary

1.Suitability(उपयुक्तता/अनुकूलता)
Synonyms: appropriateness, fitness, propriety, agreement
Antonyms: inappropriateness, unsuitableness

2.Struggled(अधिक परिश्रम करना/संघर्ष करना)
Synonyms: cope, seek, strive, tackle, toil
Antonyms: forget, idle, neglect, be lazy

3.Suffer(पीड़ित होना/सहना
Synonyms: deteriorate, endure, experience, get, go through
Antonyms: calm, please, soothe, surrender, yield

4.Preferable(बेहतर/उत्तम).
Synonyms: desirable, excellent, preferred, superior, better
Antonyms: bad, inferior, poor, undesirable

5.Resource(संसाधन/उपाय)
Synonyms: ability, capability, capital, means, property
Antonyms: impotence, inability, incompetence, lack, weakness

6.Exploitation(शोषण/काम लेना)
Synonyms: bleeding, using, profiteering

7.Conduct(आचरण/व्यवहार)
Synonyms: charge, handling, management, manipulation, oversight
Antonyms: mismanagement, disorganization, disregard, ignorance, neglect

 

 

Credit To the Hindu News Paper

In an ideal system, admission to higher education courses would be based on assessment of aptitude and suitability, and a testing process that is transparent, accessible and fair. India’s policymakers have struggled to create a credible national admissions apparatus for professional degree programmes that accommodates the diversity and plurality of the country. The two-level Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) for admission to technological institutes such as the IITs, NITs and IIITs, and the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for undergraduate medical courses are steps in this direction — although much work remains to be done to make them accessible, especially for rural students who suffer from various handicaps, not the least of which is a shaky school education system. Viewed against this background, the decision of the Centre to form a National Testing Agency to conduct these and some other examinations is a progressive move. A professional agency would look at nothing other than the suitability of the candidate to pursue a particular programme. Of course, there will be those that contend that the better-run States could have their own agencies perform the same task, but the expertise of a national agency is preferable. The objective of aptitude testing in a populous country should be to enable mobility, and access to courses offered in any State. Peer-reviewed standards and curbs on commercialisation can help expand higher education. In the case of medical courses, a common test such as NEET should make it possible to attend any of about 350 medical colleges, of which 175 are run by private entities.

The idea of multiple opportunities to take a test in a single year, which the Centre has now adopted for JEE (Main) and NEET, is not really new, and is familiar to students entering universities abroad, particularly those in the United States. In fact, the Ashok Misra committee set up by the Human Resource Development Ministry to review the JEE three years ago recommended that an online aptitude test be offered two or more times a year. The move to make both JEE (Main) and NEET available twice a year is consistent with that advice. However, a computer-based test should not turn into a barrier for students from rural backgrounds, and impose additional expenditure on candidates for preparation, travel to a testing centre and so on. The reservations about online testing on such grounds should be overcome with good planning and allocation of sufficient funds. Equally important is the issue of regulation of coaching institutes — a sector worth about ₹24,000 crore a year, according to the Ashok Misra panel — in order to ensure that the changes do not result in further exploitation of students. Ultimately, any process of reform at the level of entrance examinations can be meaningful only if the school education system is revamped, and learning outcomes are improved.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email