A Neutral Net Will Set the Internet Free

   A Neutral Net Will Set the Internet Free

For an administration that believes( विश्वास /मानना) in levelling(स्तरित करना/समतलन) playing fields, the Government of India (GoI) has acted(कार्य किया/अभिनय करना) according to form by accepting(स्वीकार करना) the telecom regulator’s fairly(काफी/निष्पक्ष रूप से) stringent(कड़ी से कड़ी/कठोर) norms on net neutrality(निष्पक्षता/तटस्थता). These norms are based on the principle that internet service providers (ISPs) must treat all traffic equally(समान रूप से।). Free and open access to the internet’s infrastructure is vital(महत्वपूर्ण/जीवनप्रद) for an accelerated(त्वरित/जल्दी कर हुआ), creative(रचनात्मक) and vibrant(व्यवसायिक/थरथरानेवाला) growth of applications (apps) and services, and to unlock the full potential(क्षमता/संभावित) of a digital economy. In this impending(आगामी/ निकट का) Gold Rush, regulation must ensure non-discriminatory(भेदभाव रहित) pricing in the carrier-content universe. For example, if a telecom carrier also owns a streaming app, the latter should be priced exactly the same — free, if that be the case — for consumers no matter where it is housed, whether in the network of the carrier that owns the app, or in other carriers’ networks.

Similarly, app developers mustn’t face discriminatory(भेदभावपूर्ण) pricing. If an app owned by a carrier is housed for free in that network, no other app should be charged for access. That is, to mix one’s metaphors(रूपकों/लक्षण), a level-playing sea for leviathans, big fish and small fish. A net neutrality-enabled(तटस्थता-सक्षम) and protected(संरक्षित) ecosystem(पारिस्थितिक तंत्र ) will engender(पैदा करना/उत्पन्न होना) a healthy growth for both business and ‘art’ the digital universe(ब्रह्मांड ) holds. Our policymakers have drawn the right lessons from the US Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) reckless decision to roll back net neutrality(तटस्थता/निष्पक्षता), and carve(काटना/खोदना) up the web into ‘slow and fast’ lanes, jacking up costs for consumers. India’s rules bar telecom service providers(प्रदान करनेवाला) from blocking or slowing down access to content, or charging consumers more for certain(निश्चित/कुछ) content, giving every net user equal access to all lawful content online at the same speed and cost. Quite rightly, companies can’t buy privileged(विशेषाधिकृत) access to their own sites, or pay networks to hold back consumer access to their competitors(प्रतियोगी/प्रतिद्वन्द्वियों के)’ sites, and thwart( विफल करना।) new competition. There must be penalties for violation(उल्लंघन/भंग) of rules.

 

 

Important Vocabulary

1.Acted(कार्य किया/अभिनय करना)
Synonyms: begin, carry out, create, develop, do
Antonyms: abandon, destroy, discontinue, disregard, end

2.Neutrality(निष्पक्षता/तटस्थता).
Synonyms: disinterest, noninterference, nonpartisanship

3.Vibrant(व्यवसायिक/थरथरानेवाला)
Synonyms: active, dynamic, energetic, lively, spirited
Antonyms: apathetic, dispirited, dull, idle, inactive

4.Accelerated(त्वरित/जल्दी कर हुआ
Synonyms: increased, quick

5.Vital(महत्वपूर्ण/जीवनप्रद)
Synonyms: basic, critical, crucial, decisive, fundamental
Antonyms: additional, extra, inessential, insignificant, meaningless

6.Impending(आगामी/ निकट का)
Synonyms: approaching, brewing, imminent, looming, coming
Antonyms: gone, past, distant, later, never

7.Discriminatory(भेदभावपूर्ण)
Synonyms: biased, inequitable, prejudiced, unfair
Antonyms: fair, impartial, unbiased, unprejudiced

8.Carve(काटना/खोदना)
Synonyms: chisel, divide, engrave, etch, fashion
Antonyms: combine, unite, increase, join, mend

9.Neutrality(तटस्थता/निष्पक्षता)
Synonyms: disinterest, noninterference, nonpartisanship

10.Privileged(विशेषाधिकृत
Synonyms: honored, powerful, advantaged, entitled, indulged
Antonyms: disadvantageous, known, open, poor, prevented

11.Certain(निश्चित/कुछ)
Synonyms: convinced, positive, sure, assertive, assured
Antonyms: doubtful, indefinite, uncertain, unsure, doubting

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