Nawaz goes to jail to take on the army

Nawaz goes to jail to take on the army

In less than a week, on July 25, Pakistan will go to the polls. Elections notwithstanding(बावजूद/के होते हुए भी), democracy(लोक-तंत्र/जनतंत्र) has not been able to grow roots in the country in the course of seven decades(दशकों ) of existence(अस्तित्व/मौजूदगी) . Even for a country where democracy has had a fragile(नाजुक ) existence, the run up to the 2018 elections marks a break with the past. There is a clampdown(शिकंजा कसना) on the media, and civil society has been intimidated(धमकाना/भयभीत करना), members of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) are being pressured(दबाव) to not contest under the party symbol.

Unfettered(निरंकुश/मुक्त/अनजान ) civilian rule has been a rarity(दुर्लभता/अनोखापन) in Pakistan. Real power has been concentrated(ध्यान केंद्रित किया/एकाग्र) in the hands of the army, either as puppet(कठपुतली/खिलौना) master or in direct control. But 2018 is a crossover year; the army is brazenly(बहादुरी/बेशर्मी ) meddling in the electoral process, with a helping hand from the judiciary(न्यायपालिका) . The army has supported Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf by ensuring(सुनिश्चित) privileged(विशेषाधिकार प्राप्त) access to media, endorsements(पुष्टि/समर्थन) by powerful people, and effecting defections(दलबदल/कर्तव्य छोड़कर भागना) from rival(प्रतिद्वंद्वी) parties. The judiciary too intervened(हस्तक्षेप करना): the 10-year imprisonment(कैदहोना/कारावास) sentence for PML-N leader and three-time prime minister Nawaz Sharif just days after his remarks on how Pakistan has isolated itself through its support for terrorists(आतंकवादियों) for political ends and the decision to mainstream(मुख्यधारा ) extremist(चरमपंथी) groups by allowing them to contest. Given this, Sharif ’s decision to return to Pakistan and go to jail is the only bright spot. A leader with popular appeal(प्रार्थना करना), his arrest has made him a martyr for democracy, and buoyed(सीमित) his party’s spirits(भाव/साहस). The future of democracy in Pakistan remains fragile Come July 25, the country could either(कोई एक/प्रत्येक) end up with a weakened coalition government, or with Imran Khan, supported by the army and terrorists, in the saddle. Only an outright victory by PML-N can make a difference.

 

Important Vocabulary

1.Fragile(नाजुक )
Synonyms: delicate, feeble, frail, weak, brittle
Antonyms: able, firm, healthy, strong, durable

2.Clampdown(शिकंजा कसना)
Synonyms: crackdown, embargo, repression, restriction
Antonyms: freedom

3.Rarity(दुर्लभता/अनोखापन)
Synonyms: oddity, scarcity, exception, irregularity, rareness
Antonyms: regularity

4.Brazenly(बहादुरी/बेशर्मी
Synonyms: blatantly, brazenly, candidly, face to face, flagrantly
Antonyms: incompletely, secretly, shamefully

5.Intervened(हस्तक्षेप करना)
Synonyms: arbitrate, intercede, interfere, involve, meddle
Antonyms: combine, connect, join, leave, unite

6.Spirits(भाव/साहस).
Synonyms: disposition, feeling, mood, tone

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