When Judiciary Forays Into Executive Zone


When Judiciary Forays Into Executive Zone

The exclusion(बहिष्कार/निषेध) of four million people from the draft National Register of Citizens (NRC) for Assam has the potential to snowball into a major political problem that triggers(बहता है) bloodshed and bad blood with Bangladesh. The NRC process that could disenfranchise(नागरिकता से वंचित करना) lakhs of people is essentially(अनिवार्य रूप से/दर असल) political, but has been given its present shape by judicial interventions(हस्तक्षेप) in what should ideally have remained(बने रहे) the domain(क्षेत्र/इलाका) of the executive(कार्यकारी/कार्यकारी अधिकारी)। Sarbananda Sonowal, at present the BJP chief minister of Assam, had moved the Supreme Court in 2000 to invalidate(रद्द करना/अमान्य करना) the law that was being used to implement the 1985 Assam Accord that Rajiv Gandhi had struck(हड़ताल करना/हमदर्दी पैदा करना) with the leaders of Assam Agitation(आंदोलन/हलचल), namely, the Illegal Migrants(अवैध प्रवासियों) (Determination by Tribunals) Act, on the ground that it protected illegal migrants.

The court in 2005 struck down the IMDT Act and directed the government to apply to suspected immigrants(आप्रवासियों) in Assam the colonial(उपनिवेशी) era Foreigners Act, which puts the onus of disproving(अस्वीकार करना/असत्य सिद्ध करना) the charge on the person accused(आरोपी ) of being a foreigner. Sonowal petitioned(याचिका दायर की/सिफ़ारिश करना) the court again, in 2006, against the rule framed under the Foreigners Act.The court conceded the petition and held it to be the court’s job “to uphold the demographic(जनसांख्यिकीय ) balance of a part of India, that is Bharat”. Extending the logic in 2014, the court ordered the NRC process and declared that it should be completed in three years. Maintaining demographic balance is not a legal question but a political imperative(अनिवार्य/आदेशात्मक) that is the prerogative (विशेषाधिकार/रिआयत)of the executive, to be carried out as it thinks fit. The court has said now that no action should be taken on the basis of exclusion from the draft NRC. It would be appropriate for the court to further say that the NRC process is open to judicial review and that no action should be taken until legal remedies(उपचार/इलाज) are exhausted(कमज़ोर/थका)beyond final appeal.

Important Vocabulary

1. Agitation(आंदोलन/हलचल)
Synonyms: disturbance, turbulence, turmoil, unrest, upheaval
Antonyms: calm, harmony, order, peace, tranquility

2.Accused(आरोपी )
Synonyms: arraigned, implicated, incriminated, indicted, charged with
Antonyms: acquitted, clear, discharged

3.Prerogative (विशेषाधिकार/रिआयत
Synonyms: immunity, perquisite, advantage, appanage, authority
Antonyms: duty, obligation

Synonyms: dead, disabled, drained, weak, weakened
Antonyms: able, active, energized, firm, strong

Synonyms: boycott, discharge, elimination, embargo, eviction
Antonyms: OK, allowance, approval, permission, ratification

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