How to solve new pattern English questions in IBPS PO Exam
Change has always been good. It updates and upgrades your level.
Verbal section has always been scoring for some students while hectic for others. If dealt properly, it can be a win – win situation for one and all. Previously the pattern followed by IBPS for English was monotonous i.e. same pattern with a little bit twist in the questions was being asked. These days’ aspirants are surprised to see completely new pattern with raised difficulty level. Since, IBPS has introduced sectional timings in IBPS PO Exam, aspirant will get a lot of time for this section, thereby getting a chance to attempt questions with accuracy.
Now let us look at the changed pattern and tips on how to deal with such questions in minimum possible time.
Type 1: A sentence is divided into five parts out of which the last part is correct. Choose the part which doesn’t have an error.
If parents themselves are to be enjoyed (A)/ a higher lifestyle, it becomes (B)/ difficult to tell their children to keep with (C)/ what they have, and therefore, most of the (D)/ end up financially supporting the child. (E)
- If parents themselves are to be enjoyed
- a higher lifestyle; it becomes
- difficult to tell their children to keep with
- what they have, and therefore, most of the
- All are correct
The error is in (A): The phrase ‘are to be enjoyed’ needs to be replaced with ‘are enjoying’. Here the subject, parents, has been used as an object which is incorrect. In order to rectify this error, the form of the verb should be modified accordingly. The error in C is in the phrase ‘keep with’ which needs to be replaced with ‘do with’. ‘Keep with’ means to leave something in the care of someone which does not go with the context, instead the phrase ‘do with’ should be used as it means would find useful. The error in D is the use of article ‘the’ which needs to be replaced with the pronoun ‘them’. Thus, only part B is correct.
In such question you have the privilege that the one / two part is error free, so you need to worry about just the remaining parts and identify the error. There are few variations of such type wherein instead of last part some other part is given in bold or more than one part is given in bold. Study the instructions carefully then answer.
Type 2: Choose the set of words from the given options that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
His end was ______ (ignominious), and his rendering of his ______ (meager) accomplishments in his final press conference was marred by evident and understandable ______ (woes).
- Cascading, scanty, chagrin
- Innocuous, skimp, guile
- Vituperative, adequate, conundrum
- Melancholic, big, penchant
- No correction required
The first word in the first sentence is used for describing the end of a person. The word ‘Ignominious’ means deserving or causing public disgrace or shame. The statement is talking about the lack of accomplishments. The word ‘Meager’ means lack in quality or quantity, hence goes with the context. The last word is described by an adjective, ‘evident’ and ‘understandable’, and is a negative word. The word ‘Woes’ means things that cause sorrow or distress, and thus, goes with the context. The correct answer is option E.
So far, we had seen questions on one blank and two blanks. But now in order to raise the difficulty level IBPS has introduced 3 blanks in a single question. So, in order to approach such questions try to eliminate options by seeing the best fit for 1 – 2 blanks. If you are through with you vocabulary then your task will be easier. Also, variations are being asked in such type wherein one word fit the two blanks and the other fit the third blank. So, one need to be careful regarding what is being asked.
Type 3: In the given question, four words are given of which two are most nearly the same or opposite in meaning. Find the two words.
- A – C
- A – B
- A – D
- C – D
- B – C
‘Confiscate’ means to take away temporarily for security or legal reasons; ‘Sequester’ means to take temporary possession of as a security, by legal authority. Hence, both are synonyms to each other. ‘Ordain’ means something officially, ‘Bereave’ means to deprive and make desolate. Thus, E is the correct answer.
Till now students were directly asked to find out the synonym or antonyms, but in such types one is not sure whether the given words are similar or dissimilar. Good understanding of vocabulary is needed for such questions.
Type 4: In the given question, few sentences which are grammatically correct and meaningful are stated. Connect them to form pairs with the given word in the best possible way without changing the intended meaning.
- Jordan will be able to access funds at concessional rates from its political allies and multilateral institutions, as well as on international markets at manageable rates, assisted by US loan guarantees.
- Funding conditions on capital markets may tighten.
- The number of total employed persons rose between the second and third quarters.
- The advance from the south appears to have been stalled for about a month and is still around 5 km from the airport and 10 km from the outskirts of the city.
- A – B
- B – A
- C – D
- Both A – B and A – D
- Both A – C and A – D
‘Although’ means in spite of the fact that; even though. So, the correct combination would be ‘Although funding conditions on capital markets may tighten, Jordan will be able to access funds at concessional rates from its political allies and multilateral institutions, as well as on international markets at manageable rates, assisted by US loan guarantees’. Other combinations don’t fit logically and contextually. Thus, only B – A can be connected.
In such questions, one need to be aware of the meaning of the connector and find whether the sentence connected depicts the same meaning or not and can be connected logically or not.
Type 5: In the given question, a part of the sentence is printed in bold. Choose the sentence alternatives which may help improve the sentence.
She was always friendly with everyone but knew that the only person she could count in was only herself.
- Count out
- Count off
- Count For
- Count on
- No correction required
It is clear that she was the only one who could help herself in her difficult times. The most appropriate phrasal verb to depict this idea is ‘Count on’ which means to depend on someone to do what you want or expect them to do for you. Count for means to be valid for something; to be worth something, ‘count in’ means to include someone or something in something, especially as participants are being recruited and ‘count off’ means to separate into equal divisions by counting.
Such questions are a variation of sentence improvement, wherein a phrasal verb is given and one need to find it out the correct form of idiom / phrase to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. So, now aspirants need to be thorough with the phrasal verbs as well.
Type 6: For the statement given in the question, four alternatives are suggested. Identify the best way of writing the sentence.
Around the world, Polio is in full retreat.
- Polio cases have decreased throughout the world.
- Polio is a disease feared worldwide.
- The major threat to mankind is polio.
- Great striders have been made in wiping out polio.
- No correction required.
The sentence mentions that polio is reducing around the world. Thus, it had been clearly depicted in option A only. Option B talked about the fear of polio worldwide. Option C which mentioned polio as a threat to mankind is also incorrect. Option D talked about the move to wipe out polio and is altogether a different meaning and doesn’t convey the original meaning and hence is incorrect.
In this type, a sentence is given and there are various ways to re – write the sentence. Sometimes, what may seem correct doesn’t always hold true. So, one needs to be careful while attempting such questions, keeping in mind the rules of grammar. It shouldn’t change the meaning of the original statement as well. Sometimes, questions are asked to find the most similar / contradictory sentence. So, that again raises the difficulty level.
Type 7: Identify the statement(s) in which the word fits contextually to convey a logical meaning.
- A gale – force wind had blown the fence down.
- The car hit a patch of ice and blew around violently.
- When I got paid I blew it all on a night out.
- Only II
- Only I
- Only III
- Both I and II
- Both I and III
The word blow carries several meanings:
- To move and make currents of air, or to be moved or make something move on a current of air.
- Something sky – high – to seriously damage something by making it explode.
- To spend a large amount of money especially, on things that are not really necessary.
Among these, the meaning given in 1, makes statement I correct and the one given in 3, makes statement III correct. In statement II, ‘slew’ should be used instead of ‘blew’. It means to turn or be turned round suddenly and awkwardly.
In order to solve and attain good marks in this particular section, one needs to be thorough with the variety of patterns / questions along with the grammar rules. Continuous practice of the different types of questions along with the variations in type is a must before the actual exam. Take several mock tests to enhance your performance. This will improve your knowledge, accuracy and the overall score.
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