NOBEL PRIZE 2018
NOBEL PRIZE 2018
The complete list of Winners of Nobel Prize 2018-
- The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2018: James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation”
- The Nobel Prize in Physics 2018: Arthur Ashkin (USA), Gerard Mourou (France) and Donna Strickland (Canada)“for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics” Arthur Ashkin “for the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems” Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland “for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses”
- The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 : Frances H. Arnold “for the directed evolution of enzymes” and George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter “for the phage display of peptides and antibodies”
- The Nobel Peace Prize 2018 : Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad “for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict”
- The Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences: 2018 William D. Nordhaus (USA) “for integrating climate change into long-run macroeconomic analysis” Paul M. Romer (USA) “for integrating technological innovations into long-run macroeconomic analysis.”
Who has won the Nobel Peace Prize?
The last 10 winners are:
- 2017: International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (Switzerland)
- 2016: Juan Manuel Santos (Colombia)
- 2015: The National Dialogue Quartet (Tunisia)
- 2014: Kailash Satyarthi (India) and Malala Yousafzai (Pakistan)
- 2013: The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
- 2012: The European Union (EU)
- 2011: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee (Liberia), Tawakkul Karman (Yemen)
- 2010: Liu Xiaobo (China)
- 2009: Barack Obama (US)
- 2008: Martti Ahtisaari (Finland)
Nobel peace prize 2018 won by Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad Recently
The Norwegian Nobel Committee on October 5, 2018 awarded the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad “for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict”
Denis Mukwege is the helper who has devoted his life to defending these victims. Nadia Murad is herself a victim of war crimes. She refused to accept the social codes that require women to remain silent and ashamed of the abuses to which they have been subjected. She has shown uncommon courage in recounting her own sufferings and speaking up on behalf of other victims.
The Iraqi government praised Murad, while a spokesman for the Congolese government saluted Mukwege while acknowledging their disagreements and accusing him of a tendency to “politicise” his humanitarian work.
Denis Mukwege’s fight against war-time sexual violence
Born : 1 March 1955
Place : ( Bukavu, Belgian Congo)
Education: University of Burundi (MD), Université libre de Bruxelles (PhD)
Dr. Denis Mukwege from DRC. A gynaecological surgeon, founder of Panzi Hospital and Foundation and an advocate, raising awareness on rape survivors and how rape is used as a weapon of war. When he first opened the doors of the Panzi Hospital, Dr. Denis Mukwege’s aim was to reduce the maternal death cases in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Little did he know that his first patient would be rape survivor? Over the years, more survivors of rape and sexual assault visited the hospital. According to Panzi Foundation, the doctor and his staff have operated and cared for more than 50,000 survivors of sexual violence since 1999.
Apart from the medical treatment, the hospital also provides psychosocial support, legal assistance and community reintegration services as well as education and advocacy as a way to address causes of violence. Within Panzi is the Badilika (change) Program that seeks to increase accountability of the Congolese government and local authorities in protecting human rights and reducing the vulnerability of women in such crisis. The program works with a number of local community civil society organisations to teach Congolese citizens of their rights and duties and the roles of authorities.
Nadia Murad: A victim of war crimes
Born : 1993 (age 24–25)
Place : Kojo, Iraq
Notable work : The Last Girl: My Story of Captivity,
and My Fight Against the Islamic State
Nadia Murad is a member of the Yazidi minority in northern Iraq, where she lived with her family in the village of Kocho. In August 2014 the Islamic State (IS) launched a brutal, systematic attack on the villages of the Sinjar district, aimed at exterminating the Yazidi population. In Nadia Murad’s village, several hundred people were massacred. The younger women, including underage children, were abducted and held as sex slaves. While a captive of the IS, Nadia Murad was repeatedly subjected to rape and other abuses. Her assaulters threatened to execute her if she did not convert to their hateful, inhuman version of Islam.
Nadia Murad is just one of an estimated 3 000 Yazidi girls and women who were victims of rape and other abuses by the IS army. The abuses were systematic, and part of a military strategy. Thus they served as a weapon in the fight against Yazidis and other religious minorities.
Murad is the second youngest Nobel peace prize laureate after Malala Yousafzai,