Half done: on the ban on plastic

 

 

 

Half done: on the ban on plastic

A plan is needed for plastic waste in packaging and manufacturing
India won global acclaim(प्रशंसा/जयकार) for its “Beat Plastic Pollution” resolve(हल /संकल्प) declared(घोषित) on World Environment Day last year, under which it pledged(संकल्प /गिरवी) to eliminate(हटाना/दुर करना) single-use plastic by 2022. So far, 22 States and Union Territories have joined the fight(लड़ाई), announcing(घोषणा) a ban on single-use plastics such as carry bags, cups, plates, cutlery, straws and thermocol products. Puducherry will implement(लागू) a ban(प्रतिबंध/रोक) from March 1. Where firm(ठोस/कंपनी) action has been taken, positive results have followed. A Bengaluru waste collective(सामूहिक/कुल) estimates(अनुमान/आकलन) that the volume of plastic waste that they collect dropped from about two tonnes a day to less than 100 kg. Voluntary(स्वैच्छिक ) initiatives(पहल) are having an impact(प्रभाव) in many States, as citizens reduce(कम करना/छोटा करना), reuse (पुन: उपयोग)and sort their waste. Yet, this is only a small start. Waste plastic from packaging of everything from food, cosmetics(सौंदर्य प्रसाधन ) and groceries(किराने का सामान) to goods delivered by online platforms remains(बाकी है) unaddressed(बिना पते।). It will take a paradigm(बदलाव ) shift in the manner in which waste is collected(एकत्र/वसूल) and handled(संभाला) by municipal authorities to change this. Governments must start charging the producers for their waste, and collect it diligently(परिश्रमपूर्वक/तत्परतापूर्वक), which will lead to recovery(वसूली) and recycling(पुनरावृत्ति करना). But the depressing(निराशाजनक ) reality(वास्तविकता) is that State and local governments are unwilling(अनिच्छुक) to upgrade their waste management systems, which is necessary to even measure(उपाय) the true scale of packaging waste.

The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 are clear that producers, importers and brand owners must adopt a collect-back system for the plastic they introduce( परिचय) into the environment. Although the rules were notified in the same year, amended(संशोधन) later and given high visibility(उच्च दृश्यता) by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change(जलवायु परिवर्तन,), not much has been done to take the process forward. At the very least, local bodies should consult manufacturers or importers to assess the problem. Delaying such a measure has created the anomalous(विषम ) situation of small producers of plastics facing the ban, while more organised(आयोजन किया/संगठित) entities(संस्थाओं) covered by the Extended(विस्तारित ) Producer Responsibility clause continue with business as usual. Such enforcement(प्रभावशील करना/लागू करना) failure is not an argument(तर्क/युक्ति) in favour of relaxing the prohibition(रोक/मनाही) on flimsy(तार/कमज़ोर) plastics that are typically used for under 15 minutes, but to recover thousands of tonnes of waste that end up in dumping sites. Cities and towns need competent(सक्षम/योग्य ) municipal systems to achieve(हासिल) this. Again, there is little doubt that plastics play a major role in several industries, notably in the automotive, pharmaceutical, health care and construction sectors. But it is the fast moving consumer goods sector that uses large volumes of packaging, posing a higher order challenge. This calls for urgent action. Governments should show the same resolve here, as they have done in imposing(लगाना।) the ban.

 

Important Vocabulary

1. Pledged(संकल्प /गिरवी)
Synonyms: guaranteed, promised, enforced, obligated, obliged

2. Eliminate(हटाना/दुर करना)
Synonyms: cancel, defeat, dispose of, disqualify, eradicate
Antonyms: add, aid, allow, create, establish

3. Resolve(हल /संकल्प
Synonyms: boldness, courage, firmness, intention, steadfastness
Antonyms: cowardice, fear, weakness, indecision, question

4. Firm(ठोस/कंपनी)
Synonyms: hard, rigid, solid, stiff, sturdy
Antonyms: easy, facile, flexible, nice, pliable

5. Reuse (पुन: उपयोग)
Synonyms: restate, reuse, change, discuss, reiterate
Antonyms: deny, refuse

6. Initiatives(पहल)
Synonyms: action, drive, leadership, push, ambition
Antonyms: apathy, cowardice, idleness, inactivity, indifference

7. Voluntary(स्वैच्छिक )
Synonyms: spontaneous, chosen, free, independent, volunteer
Antonyms: forced, involuntary, obligatory, unwilling

8. Diligently(परिश्रमपूर्वक/तत्परतापूर्वक)
Synonyms: ardently, assiduously, carefully, diligently, eagerly
Antonyms: idly, inactively, quietly

9. Depressing(निराशाजनक )
Synonyms: bleak, daunting, disheartening, dismal, dispiriting
Antonyms: bright, cheerful, comforting, encouraging, exhilarating

10. Recovery(वसूली)
Synonyms: improvement, readjustment, reconstruction, rehabilitation, restoration
Antonyms: deterioration, relapse

11. Measure(उपाय)
Synonyms: part, quota, allotment, allowance, amount
Antonyms: extreme, unimportance, whole, ignorance, inaction

12. Amended(संशोधन)
Synonyms: alter, enhance, lift, modify, rectify, revise
Antonyms: lower, worsen, break, decrease, depress

13. Prohibition(रोक/मनाही)
Synonyms: constraint, embargo, exclusion, injunction, prevention
Antonyms: allowance, permission, aid, approval, help

14. Achieve(हासिल)
Synonyms: accomplish, attain, bring about, carry out, complete
Antonyms: abandon, begin, commence, depart, destroy

15. Competent(सक्षम/योग्य )
Synonyms: adequate, capable, decent, efficient, proficient
Antonyms: impotent, incapable, incompetent, inept, insufficient

 

 

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

A plan is needed for plastic waste in packaging and manufacturing
India won global acclaim for its “Beat Plastic Pollution” resolve declared on World Environment Day last year, under which it pledged to eliminate single-use plastic by 2022. So far, 22 States and Union Territories have joined the fight, announcing a ban on single-use plastics such as carry bags, cups, plates, cutlery, straws and thermocol products. Puducherry will implement a ban from March 1. Where firm action has been taken, positive results have followed. A Bengaluru waste collective estimates that the volume of plastic waste that they collect dropped from about two tonnes a day to less than 100 kg. Voluntary initiatives are having an impact in many States, as citizens reduce, reuse and sort their waste. Yet, this is only a small start. Waste plastic from packaging of everything from food, cosmetics and groceries to goods delivered by online platforms remains unaddressed. It will take a paradigm shift in the manner in which waste is collected and handled by municipal authorities to change this. Governments must start charging the producers for their waste, and collect it diligently, which will lead to recovery and recycling. But the depressing reality is that State and local governments are unwilling to upgrade their waste management systems, which is necessary to even measure the true scale of packaging waste.

The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 are clear that producers, importers and brand owners must adopt a collect-back system for the plastic they introduce into the environment. Although the rules were notified in the same year, amended later and given high visibility by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, not much has been done to take the process forward. At the very least, local bodies should consult manufacturers or importers to assess the problem. Delaying such a measure has created the anomalous situation of small producers of plastics facing the ban, while more organised entities covered by the Extended Producer Responsibility clause continue with business as usual. Such enforcement failure is not an argument in favour of relaxing the prohibition on flimsy plastics that are typically used for under 15 minutes, but to recover thousands of tonnes of waste that end up in dumping sites. Cities and towns need competent municipal systems to achieve this. Again, there is little doubt that plastics play a major role in several industries, notably in the automotive, pharmaceutical, health care and construction sectors. But it is the fast moving consumer goods sector that uses large volumes of packaging, posing a higher order challenge. This calls for urgent action. Governments should show the same resolve here, as they have done in imposing the ban.

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