Death by design: on jallikattu

 

 

 

Death by design: on jallikattu

Tighter regulations cannot eliminate the element of danger intrinsic to jallikattu
In situations involving(शामिल ) humans and animals, Murphy’s law takes a strong hold: if things can go wrong, they most likely will. Jallikattu may have drawn(खींचा) the attention(ध्यान) of animal rights(अधिकार) activists(कार्यकर्ताओं) for the innumerable(असंख्य) accounts of cruelty (क्रूरता/निर्दयता,) to bulls, but the deaths fall mostly on the human side of the ledger. The animals suffer(पीड़ित) but generally survive(जीवित बना रहना/बना रहना) the ordeal, while a few youth lose their lives. A tragedy(त्रासदी/दुःखद घटना) as in Viralimalai in Pudukottai district of Tamil Nadu, where two men were gored to death(मौत के घाट उतार दिया) by bulls, was waiting to happen. Whatever the precautions taken(बरती जाने वाली सावधानियां), and there were many, one cannot prepare for the behaviour(व्यवहार/बर्ताव) of a rampaging(उग्र/उन्मादी) bull. Viralimalai jallikattu may not be as famed as the Alanganallur or Palamedu events, but this year it had the full weight of the government behind it. The event was organised(संगठित) by Health Minister C. Vijaya Baskar, a bull-owner himself, in an attempt(प्रयास) to create a ‘record’ for the largest number of bulls in a single arena(अखाड़ा/रंगभूमि). The event got a bigger profile with Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami in attendance. Multi-tier metal galleries were erected(स्थापित) on either side(दोनों ओर) of the arena to accommodate(समायोजित) the thousands who had turned up to watch the contest. Double barricades(स्र्कावट) were in place at the vaadivasal, the entry point for the bulls, but the tragedy happened at the exit point, the open area for collection of the bulls after the event. The contest(प्रतियोगिता) was over, and the bull-tamers were no longer chasing(पीछा करना) the bulls. But how were the bulls to know? An owner trying to rein in his bull was gored to death by another behind him, and a spectator(दर्शक/तमाशबीन) who wandered(भटक गए/उधर-इधर घूमना) out of the protective cover at the scene of action bled to death on being pierced (छेद/पार करना)in the abdomen(पेट/आंतें).

Could anything have been done differently? In keeping with the guidelines(दिशा निर्देशों) set by the Supreme Court to regulate the sport, the Health Department had also deployed(तैनात किया) teams of doctors from Pudukottai. Medical experts(विशेषज्ञ) from Tiruchi and Thanjavur Medical Colleges were deployed to attend to emergency cases. A makeshift operation theatre was also set up at the venue(स्थान). After Sunday’s tragedy, jallikattu events of the future might have barricades at the collection points too. But danger is in the very nature of the blood sport that is jallikattu. Unpredictability(अनिश्चितता) is intrinsic(स्वाभाविक/वास्तविक) to the sport. Ato the sport. A/ to the sport. Attempts to ban the sport have been opposed(विरोध किया/सामने ) on the ground that it is an inseparable(अविभाज्य) part of Tamil Nadu’s culture. The Tamil Nadu government in 2017 took the ordinance route(अध्यादेश मार्ग) to allow for the holding of jallikattu following a ban by the Supreme Court, and the Centre exempted(छूट प्राप्त) bulls from the rules framed for ensuring(सुनिश्चित ) the well-being of performing animals. After every loss of human life the regulations(नियम) might get tighter, but the danger to the life and limb (अंग/शाखा) of participants, spectators, and bull-owners will remain in the conduct(चाल-चलन/संचालन) of jallikattu.

 

Important Vocabulary

1. Rights(अधिकार)
Synonyms: authority, benefit, business, claim, freedom, immunity
Antonyms: disadvantage, disfavor, corruption, immorality, injustice

2. Tragedy(त्रासदी/दुःखद घटना)
Synonyms: adversity, calamity, catastrophe, failure, hardship
Antonyms: advantage, benefit, blessing, favor, fortune

3. Suffer(पीड़ित)
Synonyms: deteriorate, endure, experience, get, go through
Antonyms: calm, please, soothe, surrender, yield

4.Rampaging (उग्र/उन्मादी)
Synonyms: rage, tear, go berserk, run amuck, run riot
Antonyms: be calm

5. Accommodate(समायोजित)
Synonyms: contain, entertain, hold, rent, shelter
Antonyms: reject, turn away, bar, block, disarrange

6. Wandered(भटक गए/उधर-इधर घूमना)
Synonyms: amble, cruise, drift, float, hike
Antonyms: go direct, run, stay

7. Spectator(दर्शक/तमाशबीन)
Synonyms: bystander, fan, moviegoer, observer, onlooker
Antonyms: participant

8. Pierced (छेद/पार करना
Synonyms: bore, break, cleave, crack, drill
Antonyms: close, fix, join, leave, mend

9. Precautions(सावधानियां
Synonyms: care, caution, insurance, protection, provision
Antonyms: harm, hurt, injury, neglect, negligence

10. Erected(स्थापित)
Synonyms: boosted, elevated, hoisted, implanted, lifted
Antonyms: lowered, horizontal, leveled

11. Wandered(भटक गए/उधर-इधर घूमना
Synonyms: amble, cruise, drift, float, hike
Antonyms: go direct, run, stay

12. Spectator(दर्शक/तमाशबीन
Synonyms: bystander, fan, moviegoer, observer, onlooker
Antonyms: participant

13. Intrinsic(स्वाभाविक/वास्तविक)
Synonyms: deep-seated, elemental, inherent, innate, peculiar
Antonyms: acquired, extrinsic, learned, accidental, incidental

14. Conduct(चाल-चलन/संचालन)
Synonyms: charge, handling, management, manipulation, oversight
Antonyms: mismanagement, disorganization, disregard, ignorance, neglect

15. Ensuring(सुनिश्चित )
Synonyms: assure, establish, insure, protect, provide
Antonyms: endanger, harm, hurt, injure, contradict

16. Opposed(विरोध किया/सामने )
Synonyms: anti, antithetical, averse, disputed, hostile
Antonyms: friendly, kind, in favor of

17. Deployed(तैनात किया)
Synonyms: expand, open, set up, use, arrange
Antonyms: conclude, end, finish, conceal, disarrange

 

 

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

 

Tighter regulations cannot eliminate the element of danger intrinsic to jallikattu
In situations involving humans and animals, Murphy’s law takes a strong hold: if things can go wrong, they most likely will. Jallikattu may have drawn the attention of animal rights activists for the innumerable accounts of cruelty to bulls, but the deaths fall mostly on the human side of the ledger. The animals suffer but generally survive the ordeal, while a few youth lose their lives. A tragedy as in Viralimalai in Pudukottai district of Tamil Nadu, where two men were gored to death by bulls, was waiting to happen. Whatever the precautions taken, and there were many, one cannot prepare for the behaviour of a rampaging bull. Viralimalai jallikattu may not be as famed as the Alanganallur or Palamedu events, but this year it had the full weight of the government behind it. The event was organised by Health Minister C. Vijaya Baskar, a bull-owner himself, in an attempt to create a ‘record’ for the largest number of bulls in a single arena. The event got a bigger profile with Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami in attendance. Multi-tier metal galleries were erected on either side of the arena to accommodate the thousands who had turned up to watch the contest. Double barricades were in place at the vaadivasal, the entry point for the bulls, but the tragedy happened at the exit point, the open area for collection of the bulls after the event. The contest was over, and the bull-tamers were no longer chasing the bulls. But how were the bulls to know? An owner trying to rein in his bull was gored to death by another behind him, and a spectator who wandered out of the protective cover at the scene of action bled to death on being pierced in the abdomen.

Could anything have been done differently? In keeping with the guidelines set by the Supreme Court to regulate the sport, the Health Department had also deployed teams of doctors from Pudukottai. Medical experts from Tiruchi and Thanjavur Medical Colleges were deployed to attend to emergency cases. A makeshift operation theatre was also set up at the venue. After Sunday’s tragedy, jallikattu events of the future might have barricades at the collection points too. But danger is in the very nature of the blood sport that is jallikattu. Unpredictability is intrinsic to the sport. Attempts to ban the sport have been opposed on the ground that it is an inseparable part of Tamil Nadu’s culture. The Tamil Nadu government in 2017 took the ordinance route to allow for the holding of jallikattu following a ban by the Supreme Court, and the Centre exempted bulls from the rules framed for ensuring the well-being of performing animals. After every loss of human life the regulations might get tighter, but the danger to the life and limb of participants, spectators, and bull-owners will remain in the conduct of jallikattu.

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