Bharat Ratna Award Winners 1954 – 2019 Complete List
Bharat Ratna Awards*
Established: 2 January 1954
Total awarded: 48
Last awarded: 26 Jan 2019
Category of: Bharat Ratna
The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted in 1954, the award is conferred “in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order”, without distinction of race, occupation position, or sex. The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who was honoured in 1954. Since then, the award has been bestowed on 45 individuals, including 12 who were awarded posthumously.
Winners In 2019 :
*Bhupen Hazarika : Bhupen Hazarika was a playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet and film-maker from Assam, widely known as Sudhakantha. His works were marked by humanity and universal brotherhood and have been translated and sung in many languages. He also served as a channel to introduce the culture and folk music of Assam and Northeast India to Hindi cinema at the national level.
*Pranab Mukherjee : Pranab Mukherjee served as the 13th President of India from 2012 until 2017. A veteran congressman, Pranab Mukherjee had held various key portfolios like Finance, Defence and External Affairs as Union Minister. He is the outstanding statesman of the present time.
*Nanaji Deshmukh : Nanaji Deshmukh laid great emphasis on education as a social worker. The first Saraswati Shishu Mandir was established by him at Gorakhpur in 1950. He was a member of RSS. and He got elected as a member of Lok Sabha from Balrampur in 1977. Nanaji was awarded Padma Vibhushan in 1999.
Bharat Ratna* Award Winners Complete List (1954 – 2018)
1. Sir Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan (1888-1975)
Dr. S. Radhakrishnan was a philosopher from Tamil Nadu. He had been the First Vice President of India and the Second President of India. His birthday 5th September is commemorated as “Teachers Day”.
2. Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1878-1972)
Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari is also known as “Rajaji”. He was an Indian freedom fighter from Tamil Nadu. Rajaji was the last Governor General of British India.
3. Sir C.V. Raman (1888-1970)
He was a physicist from Tamil Nadu.
4. Bhagawan Das (1869-1958)
He was a man of Literature and an Indian Freedom fighter belonging to Uttar Pradesh.
5. Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya 1861-1962)
He was a Diwan of the Princely State of Mysore-Karnataka. He was an Indian Civil Engineer and Dam Architect.
6. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)
The First Prime Minister of India and an Indian Freedom Fighter and Writer belonging to Uttar PradeshIn 1956, nobody won the Bharat Ratna Award.
7. Govind Ballabh Pant (1887-1961)
An Indian Freedom Fighter and Home Minister of Indian Union belonging to Uttar Pradesh, now Uttara Khand.
8. Dhondo Keshav Karve (1858-1962)
He was an Educationist and a Social Reformer belonging to Maharashtra- Awarded Bharat Ratna in his birth centenary year 1958.
In 1959 and 1960, nobody won the Bharat Ratna Award.
9. B.C. Roy (1882-1962)
A Physician, Politician and Former Chief Minister of West Bengal belonging to West Bengal.
10. Purushottam Das Tandon (1882-1962)
An Indian Freedom Fighter and an Educationist belonging to Uttar Pradesh.
11. Babu Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963)
He was the First President of India, a freedom fighter and a Jurist belonging to Bihar.
12. Zakir Hussain (1897-1969)
He was a former president of India and a scholar belongs from Andhra Pradesh
13. Pandurang Vaman Kane (1880-1972)
Ideologist and Sanskrit scholar belonging to Maharashtra
14. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904-1966)
He was the second Prime Minister of India. He belongs from Uttar Pradesh and awarded Posthumously.
15. Indira Gandhi (1917-1984)
She was a former and the first and the only lady Prime Minister of India. She is a Daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, belongs from Uttar Pradesh.
16. V.V. Giri (1894-1980)
He was Former President and Trade Unionist originally belonging to Orissa/Odisha. He was born in Orissa and later settled in Tamil Nadu after the age of 21.
17. K. Kamaraj (1903-1975)
A Freedom Fighter and Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. He belongs to Tamil Nadu and awarded Posthumously.
From 1977 to 1979, there were no winners. The Bharat Ratna Award had been kept suspended by the Government of India, From 13th July 1977 to 26th January 1980.
18. Mother Teresa (1910-1997)
She was a Nobel Laureate, a foreigner belonging to the Republic of Macedonia- dedicated to the sick people of India especially for those who were affected by Leprosy.
19. Acharya Vinoba Bhave (1895-1982)
A Social Reformer and a Freedom Fighter belonging to Maharashtra and Awarded Posthumously.
20. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan “Frontier Gandhi”, (1890-1988)
The first non-citizen awarded Bharat Ratna, a freedom fighter who belongs to Pakistan.
21. M.G. Ramachandran/MGR (1917-1987)
He was a Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. A Popular Cinema Actor belongs to Tamil Nadu, awarded Posthumously.
22. B.R. Ambedkar (1891-1956)
An architect who played a key role in the formation of the Indian Constitution, a Social Reformer, Economist, and scholar. He belongs to Maharashtra and awarded Posthumously.
23. Nelson Mandela (1918-2013)
He is the second non-citizen and the first non-Indian awarded Bharat Ratna. A leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement belongs to South Africa.
24. Rajiv Gandhi (1944-1991)
He was the Former Prime Minister of India and he was the son of Mrs Indira Gandhi, Grandson of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He belongs to New Delhi, awarded Posthumously.
25. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875-1950)
He was an Indian Freedom Fighter and the First Home Minister of India. He belongs to Gujarat, awarded Posthumously.
26. Morarji Desai (1896-1995)
He was the former Prime Minister of India and Indian freedom fighter. He belongs to Gujarat. He was the first ever Non-Congress Prime Minister of India.
27. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad (1888-1958)
He was a freedom fighter and the first Education Minister of India. he belongs to West Bengal, awarded posthumously.
28. J.R. D. Tata (1904-1993)
He was an Industrialist and a Philanthropist belonging to Maharashtra.
29. Satyajit Ray (1922-1992)
He was a popular Bengali-Film Director and an Oscar Award, Winner.
30. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (1931-2015)
He was a former President of India- Atomic Scientist, belongs to Tamil Nadu.
31. Gulzarilal Nanda (1898-1998)
An Indian Freedom Fighter and a former Prime Minister of India. Belongs to Punjab.
32. Aruna Ali (1908-1996)
An Indian Freedom Fighter belongs to West Bengal. Awarded posthumously.
33. M.S. Subbulakshmi (1916-2004)
She were a Carnatic Music vocalist, belongs to Tamil Nadu.
34. Chidambaram/ C.S. (1910-2000)
An Indian Freedom fighter and former Indian Union Minister of Agriculture. Belongs to Tamil Nadu.
35. Jayaprakash Narayan (1902-1979)
He was the Freedom Fighter and a Social Reformer. He belongs to Bihar, awarded Posthumously.
36. Pandit Ravi Shankar (1920-2012)
He was a Classical Sitarist, belongs to Uttar Pradesh.
37. Amartya Sen (born in 1933)
He is an Indian Economist and a Nobel Laureate (for Economics, 1998). Belongs to West Bengal.
38. Gopinath Bordoloi (1890-1950)
He was an Indian Freedom Fighter belongs to Assam. Awarded Posthumously.
In 2000, there was no winner.
39. Lata Mangeshkar (born in 1929)
She is a Hindi-cinema-play back singer, belongs to Maharashtra.
40. Ustad Bismillah Khan (1916-2006)
He was a classical Shehnai-Maestro, belongs to Bihar.
41. Pandit Bhimshen Gururaj Joshi (1922-2011)
He was a Hindustani Classical Vocalist, belongs to Karnataka.
42. Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar (born in 1973)
He is an Indian Sports Person (Cricketer).
43. C.N. Rao
Indian Chemist, the man behind India’s Maiden ‘Mars’-Mission.
In 2014, there were two winners.
44. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (born in 1924)
He had been a Former Prime Minister of India.
45. Madan Mohan Malviya (1861-1946)
Indian Politician and the founder of Banaras Hindu University/ BHU, Awarded Posthumously.
These are the great personalities who had received the “Bharat Ratna” Award Posthumously.