The Jharkhand way: On Congress-led alliance

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The Jharkhand way: On Congress-led alliance

The Opposition would do well to focus on State-level coherence in alliances
The Congress’s alliance(गठबंधन) with three regional parties in Jharkhand, announced(घोषित) on Thursday, fits a template that could make it enduring(टिकाऊ/सहनीय). The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, the Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) and the Rashtriya Janata Dal have joined hands with the Congress, which sends 14 MPs to the Lok Sabha. The seat-sharing agreement(समझौता) gives seven seats to the Congress, four to the JMM, two to the JVM and one to the RJD. In turn, the JMM gets a larger share of seats in the Assembly election(विधानसभा चुनाव,), that will also take place in 2019. In the 2014 Assembly election, the BJP won the State with 31% of the vote. Collectively(सामूहिक रूप से,/एकत्र होकर), constituents(मतदाता) of the new alliance got 47% of the vote. Alliances don’t only turn on arithmetic(अंक-संबंधी). What makes this alliance potent(शक्तिशाली/प्रबल) is the synergy(तालमेल) among(के बीच में/मिलकर) its partners, with ground reports indicating(यह दर्शाता है) that workers of these parties have developed(विकास ) a certain(कुछ ) comfort(आराम/सुविधा) level with one another. Collectively, they have command over all the regions, and appeal to all social groups of the State. As much as a third of the State’s population is tribal(आदिवासी/जाति सम्बन्धी ), and the alliance is expected(अपेक्षित /प्रत्याशित) to reach out to this section. These factors explain the sweep that the alliance of the Congress, the JMM, the RJD and the CPI had in 2004. That was the last time Jharkhand had a rainbow(इंद्रधनुष) alliance — it won 13 of the 14 seats, while the BJP won only one seat, Koderma.

State-level alliances will hold the key in the election this year. A countrywide(देश भर में) alliance involving(शामिल) vote transfer from one regional party(क्षेत्रीय पार्टी) to another is impractical(अव्यवहारिक/असंभव ). A national grand alliance against(खिलाफ) the BJP will be more optics(प्रकाशिकी) than substance(अर्थ/भावाई). In Uttar Pradesh, the alliance between the Samajwadi Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party has unsettled(अशांत/अस्तव्यस्त) the BJP, while the Congress’s efforts(प्रयासों/कोशिशें) to assert(दावा/जोर देकर कहना ) its own space by introducing Priyanka Gandhi Vadra as a front-line campaigner(प्रचारक) has opened up the field to further(आगे की ) possibilities(संभावनाएं) of political realignment(पुनर्निर्माण करना/बोध). Regional parties function with their focus primarily on local power calculations, and an appreciation(प्रशंसा) of that factor by regional leaders(क्षेत्रीय नेता) and the Congress can be the basis of stronger bonds. The confusion(उलझन/गड़बड़ी) in the non-BJP camp in Uttar Pradesh is partly due to the lack(कमी/अभाव) of appreciation(प्रशंसा/गुण दोष विवेचना) on this point, while the contrasting(विपरीत ) picture of synergy among them in Bihar and Jharkhand is driven by an acknowledgement(अभिस्वीकृति/प्राप्ति सूचना) of mutual interests. While chemistry and arithmetic are both important, potential(संभावित ) participants(प्रतिभागी) in a non-BJP coalition must also be mindful of optics. Regional leaders hopping around to make a show of a nascent(नवजात ) grand(भव्य) alliance may not add up to much, even as they render(प्रस्तुत करना) it vulnerable(चपेट में/आलोचनीय) to attacks — of the sort lobbed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi when he termed it a Mahamilavat, or grand(बड़ा/शानदार) adulteration(मिलावट). They will do better by staying grand, and staying regional.

 

Important Vocabulary

1. Alliance(गठबंधन)
Synonyms: accord, affiliation, affinity, betrothal, bond
Antonyms: antagonism, detachment, disagreement, disconnection, discord

2. Synergy(तालमेल
Synonyms: teamwork, alliance, coaction, harmony, symbiosis
Antonyms: discord, divorce, separation

3.Potent(शक्तिशाली/प्रबल)
Synonyms: compelling, dominant, dynamic, great, impressive
Antonyms: inactive, ineffective, ineffectual, infirm, insignificant

4. Developed(विकास )
Synonyms: advanced, matured, refined

5. Comfort(आराम/सुविधा)
Synonyms: amenity, contentment, convenience, enjoyment, happiness
Antonyms: discontent, displeasure, dissatisfaction, gloom, inconvenience

6. Tribal(आदिवासी/जाति सम्बन्धी
Synonyms: genetic, national, ancestral, ethnological, folk

7. Indicating(यह दर्शाता है)
Synonyms: announce, argue, demonstrate, express, hint
Antonyms: conceal, deny, hide, lose, refuse

8. Impractical(अव्यवहारिक/असंभव ).
Synonyms: absurd, illogical, impossible, improbable, quixotic
Antonyms: believable, logical, possible, rational, reasonable

9. Efforts(प्रयासों/कोशिशें)
Synonyms: achievement, attempt, battle, creation, endeavor
Antonyms: destruction, idleness, incompetence, laziness, ruin

10. Assert(दावा/जोर देकर कहना
Synonyms: affirm, allege, argue, cite, claim
Antonyms: abandon, conceal, deny, desert, hide

11. Potential(संभावित )
Synonyms: hidden, likely, possible, probable, budding
Antonyms: unlikely, helpless, impossible, lacking, unpromising

12. Vulnerable(चपेट में/आलोचनीय)
Synonyms: accessible, defenseless, exposed, liable, ready
Antonyms: guarded, protected, safe, secure, strong

13. Adulteration(मिलावट).
Synonyms: contamination, deterioration, debauchment

14. Possibilities(संभावनाएं)
Synonyms: capabilities, potentiality, promise, prospects, talent
Antonyms: impossible

15. Realignment(पुनर्निर्माण करना
Synonyms: changeover, conversion, development, evolution, growth
Antonyms: decline, decrease, idleness, sameness, stagnation

 


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Credit To The Hindu News Paper

The Opposition would do well to focus on State-level coherence in alliances
The Congress’s alliance with three regional parties in Jharkhand, announced on Thursday, fits a template that could make it enduring. The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, the Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) and the Rashtriya Janata Dal have joined hands with the Congress, which sends 14 MPs to the Lok Sabha. The seat-sharing agreement gives seven seats to the Congress, four to the JMM, two to the JVM and one to the RJD. In turn, the JMM gets a larger share of seats in the Assembly election, that will also take place in 2019. In the 2014 Assembly election, the BJP won the State with 31% of the vote. Collectively, constituents of the new alliance got 47% of the vote. Alliances don’t only turn on arithmetic. What makes this alliance potent is the synergy among its partners, with ground reports indicating that workers of these parties have developed a certain comfort level with one another. Collectively, they have command over all the regions, and appeal to all social groups of the State. As much as a third of the State’s population is tribal, and the alliance is expected to reach out to this section. These factors explain the sweep that the alliance of the Congress, the JMM, the RJD and the CPI had in 2004. That was the last time Jharkhand had a rainbow alliance — it won 13 of the 14 seats, while the BJP won only one seat, Koderma.

State-level alliances will hold the key in the election this year. A countrywide alliance involving vote transfer from one regional party to another is impractical. A national grand alliance against the BJP will be more optics than substance. In Uttar Pradesh, the alliance between the Samajwadi Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party has unsettled the BJP, while the Congress’s efforts to assert its own space by introducing Priyanka Gandhi Vadra as a front-line campaigner has opened up the field to further possibilities of political realignment. Regional parties function with their focus primarily on local power calculations, and an appreciation of that factor by regional leaders and the Congress can be the basis of stronger bonds. The confusion in the non-BJP camp in Uttar Pradesh is partly due to the lack of appreciation on this point, while the contrasting picture of synergy among them in Bihar and Jharkhand is driven by an acknowledgement of mutual interests. While chemistry and arithmetic are both important, potential participants in a non-BJP coalition must also be mindful of optics. Regional leaders hopping around to make a show of a nascent grand alliance may not add up to much, even as they render it vulnerable to attacks — of the sort lobbed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi when he termed it a Mahamilavat, or grand adulteration. They will do better by staying grand, and staying regional.