Deadly brew: on illicit liquor deaths

 

 

 

Deadly brew: on illicit liquor deaths

A multi-pronged plan is needed to prevent the sale and consumption of toxic alcohol
The death of more than 100 people to toxic(जहरीली /विषैला) alcohol(शराब) in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand has exposed the thriving(संपन्न/अधिक ) sale(बिक्री) of illicit liquor(अवैध शराब) in the region(क्षेत्र ). India remains among the countries with a high number of alcohol-related deaths, with poor(खराब ) governance(शासन), corruption(भ्रष्टाचार) and distorted(विकृत/रूप बिगाड़ा हुआ) policies contributing(योगदान) to such periodic tragedies(त्रासदियों/शोकपूर्ण घटना). The governments in U.P. and Uttarakhand cannot evade(बचना) responsibility for the death of so many people, the majority of them in Saharanpur district of U.P. Preliminary investigation(प्राथमिक जांच) has confirmed the well-entrenched(अच्छी तरह से आरोपित) system of illicit liquor vends that are known to exist(मौजूद ) in the region; several factories producing hooch in U.P. were unearthed(पता लगाया/खोजना) within a couple of days of the episode. Moreover(अतिरिक्त/और भी) , although several liquor-related deaths have been taking place, it took this staggering(चौंका देने वाला/लड़खड़ाहट) number of casualties(हताहतों की संख्या/जनहानि) for the authorities to acknowledge the presence(उपस्थिति) of free-flowing illicit liquor. The Yogi Adityanath government prides(अहंकार/अभिमान) itself on its law and order measures(उपाय कार्यवाही) but its failure to crack down on these dens exposes the hollow claims. It has tried(कोशिश की) to put the blame for previous(पिछली ) incidents(घटनाएं) on political opponents(विरोधियों) hatching( रचने वाला) conspiracies(साजिश ).

Several(कई ) instances of toxic alcohol poisoning in India, including(समेत/सहित) the Malvani hooch tragedy in Mumbai in 2015 that killed 106 people, have been attributed(जिम्मेदार ठहराया/आरोपित करना) to the lack of affordable(सस्ती ) liquor for the poor. High taxes and excise raise(बढ़ाना/प्रस्तुत करना) prices, and cheap brews are peddled(छेड़ा हुआ/तंग करना) by criminal organisations, often(अक्सर) in collusion(मिलीभगत/अभिसंधि) with law enforcement personnel. In U.P., many communities have protested(विरोध किया) the sale of cheap liquor(सस्ती शराब) in pouches that are freely(स्वतंत्रता /अधिकता से) distributed during(दौरान) social events. What seems to have happened in Saharanpur follows the trend, with toxic alcohol originating in Haridwar in Uttarakhand being supplied at a family ritual. While it is no one’s case that consumption of cheap liquor needs to be encouraged(प्रोत्साहित ) or promoted(उन्नत/प्रवर्तित), severe bottlenecks are proving counterproductive(उल्टा/अनुत्पादक). An enlightened policy(प्रबुद्ध नीति) is needed to strike a balance, curbing(नियंत्रण करना/अंकुश लगाना) illicit(अवैध ) flows with zero tolerance(सहनशीलता/सहयता), discouraging(हिम्मत तोड़नेवाला) consumption(खपत/सेवन) through social campaigns(अभियान/मुहिम) and reviewing(समीक्षा करना) levies on less harmful(हानिकारक) beverages(पेय पदार्थ।). At the moment, it is essential(आवश्यक/अनिवार्य) to make an example of those who participated in the sale of the lethal(जानलेवा/घातक ) brew(शराब बनाना/काढ़ा), and investigate any nexus(संबंध/संपर्क) with the authorities. If it is true that the suspects(संदिग्धों/संदेह करना) had a history of dealing in hooch, the Special Investigation Team constituted by the U.P. government should find out how they continued to operate their trade. In parallel, it is vital that the capacities of the health system be upgraded to handle victims(पीड़ितों ) of toxic alcohol. Toxicity often(अक्सर/बहुधा) comes from drinking methanol, which results in blindness(दृष्टीहीनता/अंधापन ), tissue damage or death. Timely treatment through haemodialysis, infusion(संचार/ जान फूंकना) of sodium bicarbonate and ethyl alcohol can save lives.

 

Important Vocabulary

 

1. Toxic(जहरीली /विषैला)
Synonyms: deadly, harmful, lethal, noxious, pernicious
Antonyms: harmless, healthy, helpful, kind, wholesome

2. Contributing(योगदान)
Synonyms: add, commit, devote, give, grant
Antonyms: hold, keep, take, disagree, receive

3. Distorted(विकृत/रूप बिगाड़ा हुआ)
Synonyms: wry, colored, gnarled, perverted, anamorphic
Antonyms: straight

4. Tragedies(त्रासदियों/शोकपूर्ण घटना)
Synonyms: adversity, calamity, catastrophe, ailure, hardship
Antonyms: advantage, benefit, blessing, favor, fortune

5. Evade(बचना
Synonyms: avoid, bypass, circumvent, conceal, deceive
Antonyms: confront, disclose, divulge, encounter, expose

6. Staggering(चौंका देने वाला/लड़खड़ाहट)
Synonyms: amazing, astonishing, astounding, mind-boggling, shocking

7. Casualties(हताहतों की संख्या/जनहानि)
Synonyms: blow, calamity, catastrophe, disaster, mishap
Antonyms: blessing, good fortune, good luck, happiness, miracle

8. Prides(अहंकार/अभिमान)
Synonyms: delight, dignity, ego, happiness, honor
Antonyms: depression, gloom, melancholy, misery, pain

9. Opponents(विरोधियों)
Synonyms: adversary, aspirant, candidate, challenger, competitor
Antonyms: ally, assistant, friend, helper, associate

10. Conspiracies(साजिश
Synonyms: plot, scheme, sedition, treason, cabal
Antonyms: faithfulness, honesty, ignorance, loyalty

11. Attributed(जिम्मेदार ठहराया/आरोपित करना)
Synonyms: apply, associate, blame, connect, credit
Antonyms: disconnect

12. Peddled(छेड़ा हुआ/तंग करना)
Synonyms: hawk, solicit, canvas, huckster, market
Antonyms: buy, pull

13. Protested(विरोध किया)
Synonyms: affirm, assert, declare, demonstrate, fight
Antonyms: agree, comply, deny, forget, go along

14. Illicit(अवैध
Synonyms: adulterous, bootleg, clandestine, contraband, furtive
Antonyms: aboveboard, allowed, authorized, chaste, ethical

15. Curbing(नियंत्रण करना/अंकुश लगाना)
Synonyms: constrain, contain, control, hamper, hinder
Antonyms: advance, aid, allow, assistM, encourage

16. Infusion(संचार/ जान फूंकना
Synonyms: admixture,mixture, strain

17. tolerance(सहनशीलता/सहयता)
Synonyms: patience, resilience, resistance, strength, toughness
Antonyms: lethargy, weakness, bias, bigotry, disapproval

18. Lethal(जानलेवा/घातक )
Synonyms: dangerous, destructive, devastating, fatal, harmful
Antonyms: harmless, healthy, helpful, kind, wholesome

19. Brew(शराब बनाना/काढ़ा),
Synonyms: beverage, blend, broth, distillation, drink

20. Collusion(मिलीभगत/अभिसंधि)
Synonyms: complicity, conspiracy, deceit, graft, scam
Antonyms: honesty

 


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Credit To The Hindu News Paper

A multi-pronged plan is needed to prevent the sale and consumption of toxic alcohol
The death of more than 100 people to toxic alcohol in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand has exposed the thriving sale of illicit liquor in the region. India remains among the countries with a high number of alcohol-related deaths, with poor governance, corruption and distorted policies contributing to such periodic tragedies. The governments in U.P. and Uttarakhand cannot evade responsibility for the death of so many people, the majority of them in Saharanpur district of U.P. Preliminary investigation has confirmed the well-entrenched system of illicit liquor vends that are known to exist in the region; several factories producing hooch in U.P. were unearthed within a couple of days of the episode. Moreover, although several liquor-related deaths have been taking place, it took this staggering number of casualties for the authorities to acknowledge the presence of free-flowing illicit liquor. The Yogi Adityanath government prides itself on its law and order measures but its failure to crack down on these dens exposes the hollow claims. It has tried to put the blame for previous incidents on political opponents hatching conspiracies.

Several instances of toxic alcohol poisoning in India, including the Malvani hooch tragedy in Mumbai in 2015 that killed 106 people, have been attributed to the lack of affordable liquor for the poor. High taxes and excise raise prices, and cheap brews are peddled by criminal organisations, often in collusion with law enforcement personnel. In U.P., many communities have protested the sale of cheap liquor in pouches that are freely distributed during social events. What seems to have happened in Saharanpur follows the trend, with toxic alcohol originating in Haridwar in Uttarakhand being supplied at a family ritual. While it is no one’s case that consumption of cheap liquor needs to be encouraged or promoted, severe bottlenecks are proving counterproductive. An enlightened policy is needed to strike a balance, curbing illicit flows with zero tolerance, discouraging consumption through social campaigns and reviewing levies on less harmful beverages. At the moment, it is essential to make an example of those who participated in the sale of the lethal brew, and investigate any nexus with the authorities. If it is true that the suspects had a history of dealing in hooch, the Special Investigation Team constituted by the U.P. government should find out how they continued to operate their trade. In parallel, it is vital that the capacities of the health system be upgraded to handle victims of toxic alcohol. Toxicity often comes from drinking methanol, which results in blindness, tissue damage or death. Timely treatment through haemodialysis, infusion of sodium bicarbonate and ethyl alcohol can save lives.

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