Well oiled — on Saudi Crown Prince’s India visit

 

 

 

Well oiled — on Saudi Crown Prince’s India visit

It is easy to see why the Saudi Crown Prince has chosen to include India in his Asia tour

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman visits(दौरा) India next week at a time when both countries are seeking(मांग/प्रयास ) to deepen(गहरा करने ) bilateral(द्विपक्षीय ) cooperation. For MBS, as he is widely(व्यापक रूप ) known, the visit to India, Pakistan, China, Malaysia and Indonesia is an opportunity(अवसर/मौक़ा) to re-assert(साबित करना /फिर से ज़ोर)  Saudi Arabia’s role as a major(प्रमुख ) foreign(विदेशी) policy player in Asia amid(के बीच) growing(बढ़ती ) criticism(आलोचना) over the Yemen war and the brutal(क्रूर/नृशंस) assassination(हत्या) of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul. For the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the visit, with general elections approaching(समीप आनेवाला), is an opportunity to cap its pursuit(पीछा/लक्ष्य) of stronger(मजबूत ) ties with West Asian nations on a high note. High-level visits between India and Saudi Arabia have become the new normal since King Abdullah came to India in 2006, the first Saudi monarch to do so in five decades(पाँच दशक). Four years later, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh travelled to Riyadh. Mr. Modi visited Riyadh in 2016; last year, he met MBS in Argentina on the sidelines of the G-20 summit at a time when the Crown Prince had already come under sharp(तीखी ) criticism in many Western countries. A number of factors have influenced(प्रभावित) the turnaround in ties(संबंधों में बदलाव) between the two countries, which had been underwhelming during the Cold War. When India’s economy started growing at a faster clip post-liberalisation, its dependence on energy-rich nations grew(बढ़ना/विकसित होना). And Saudi Arabia was a stable(स्थिर), trusted(विश्वसनीय) supplier of oil. Post-9/11, the two have expanded(विस्तार/विस्तारित) the scope(दायरा) of their partnership to economic issues and fighting terrorism.

MBS is expected(उम्मीद ) to announce (घोषणा )Saudi investments in both India and Pakistan. Saudi Arabia, which has traditionally(पारंपरिक रूप से) exercised(प्रयोग) great influence(प्रभाव ) over Pakistan, had recently offered(प्रस्तुत/पेश किया) a $6 billion loan to Islamabad to stabilise(स्थिर) the economy. In India, Saudi Arabia and the UAE have acquired(प्राप्त/अधिग्रहण ) a 50% stake(शेयर/दांव) in a refinery complex in Maharashtra. The project remains stalled amid protests(विरोध प्रदर्शन/आपत्ति)  against land acquisition, but it shows Saudi Arabia’s interest to make long-term investments in India’s energy sector. Another subject that that will come up in bilateral talks is Iran. MBS has made containment(भागीदारी /रोकथाम) of Iran his top foreign policy(नीति ) priority(प्राथमिकता), and has U.S. support(समर्थन) in this pursuit(काम-काज/पीछा ). India is certain to come under U.S. pressure(दबाव/परेशानी) to cut oil imports from Iran: it has so far walked the tightrope(कसाव) between Saudi Arabia and Iran. Even as its ties with the Kingdom improved(सुधार हुआ) over the past decade, India deepened(गहरा गया) its engagement(जुड़ाव/व्यवसाय) with Iran, be it on oil trade(व्यापार) or the Chabahar port. This is driven by the conviction( दृढ़ विश्वास /दोषसिद्धि) that while Saudi Arabia is vital for India’s energy security, Iran is a gateway to Central Asia. New Delhi is sure to continue this balancing(संतुलन) act even as it seeks to strengthen(मजबूत बनाना) the Saudi pillar of India’s West Asia policy.

 

Important Vocabulary

1. Widely(व्यापक रूप )

Synonyms: extensively, enerally, universally, abroad, far

Antonyms: narrowly

2. Brutal(क्रूर/नृशंस)

Synonyms: barbarous, callous, ferocious, harsh, inhuman

Antonyms: calm, civilized, compassionate, courteous, easy

3. ssassination(हत्या)

Synonyms: bloodshed, carnage, homicide, manslaughter, massacre

Antonyms: birth

4. Approaching(समीप आनेवाला),

Synonyms: coming, imminent, impending, advancing, at hand

Antonyms: distant, later, passing, receding, remote

5. Deepen(गहरा करने

Synonyms: expand, dig, dredge, excavate, extend

Antonyms: fill, lighten, pale, quieten, soften

6. Seeking(मांग/प्रयास )

Synonyms: searching, hunting, probing, pursuing

7. Pursuit(पीछा/लक्ष्य)

Synonyms: hunt, inquiry, quest, following, hunting

Antonyms: retreat, surrender

8. Sharp(तीखी

Synonyms: acute, pointed, razor-sharp, sharpened, stinging

Antonyms: blunt, dull, aboveboard, benevolent, bland

9. Expanded(विस्तार/विस्तारित)

Synonyms: bolster, broaden, develop, enlarge, grow

Antonyms: close, compress, decrease, diminish, end

10. stable(स्थिर)

Synonyms: balanced, calm, durable, fast, lasting

Antonyms: broken, ephemeral, imbalanced, impermanent, insecure

11. Grew(बढ़ना/विकसित होना)

Synonyms: advance, age, become, breed, build

Antonyms: cease, compress, contract, decline, decrease

12. Announce (घोषणा )

Synonyms: call, declare, disclose, issue, publish

Antonyms: conceal, hide, hold, keep, listen

13. Pressure(दबाव/परेशानी)

Synonyms: burden, squeeze, strain, strength, stress

Antonyms: relaxation, ease, facility, peace

14. Conviction( दृढ़ विश्वास /दोषसिद्धि)

Synonyms: confidence, faith, feeling, principle, sentiment

Antonyms: distrust, doubt, disbelief, unbelief, overturning

15. Pursuit(काम-काज/पीछा )

Synonyms: hunt, inquiry, quest, following, hunting

Antonyms: retreat, surrender

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

It is easy to see why the Saudi Crown Prince has chosen to include India in his Asia tour

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman visits India next week at a time when both countries are seeking to deepen bilateral cooperation. For MBS, as he is widely known, the visit to India, Pakistan, China, Malaysia and Indonesia is an opportunity to re-assert Saudi Arabia’s role as a major foreign policy player in Asia amid growing criticism over the Yemen war and the brutal assassination of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul. For the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the visit, with general elections approaching, is an opportunity to cap its pursuit of stronger ties with West Asian nations on a high note. High-level visits between India and Saudi Arabia have become the new normal since King Abdullah came to India in 2006, the first Saudi monarch to do so in five decades. Four years later, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh travelled to Riyadh. Mr. Modi visited Riyadh in 2016; last year, he met MBS in Argentina on the sidelines of the G-20 summit at a time when the Crown Prince had already come under sharp criticism in many Western countries. A number of factors have influenced the turnaround in ties between the two countries, which had been underwhelming during the Cold War. When India’s economy started growing at a faster clip post-liberalisation, its dependence on energy-rich nations grew. And Saudi Arabia was a stable, trusted supplier of oil. Post-9/11, the two have expanded the scope of their partnership to economic issues and fighting terrorism.

MBS is expected to announce Saudi investments in both India and Pakistan. Saudi Arabia, which has traditionally exercised great influence over Pakistan, had recently offered a $6 billion loan to Islamabad to stabilise the economy. In India, Saudi Arabia and the UAE have acquired a 50% stake in a refinery complex in Maharashtra. The project remains stalled amid protests against land acquisition, but it shows Saudi Arabia’s interest to make long-term investments in India’s energy sector. Another subject that that will come up in bilateral talks is Iran. MBS has made containment of Iran his top foreign policy priority, and has U.S. support in this pursuit. India is certain to come under U.S. pressure to cut oil imports from Iran: it has so far walked the tightrope between Saudi Arabia and Iran. Even as its ties with the Kingdom improved over the past decade, India deepened its engagement with Iran, be it on oil trade or the Chabahar port. This is driven by the conviction that while Saudi Arabia is vital for India’s energy security, Iran is a gateway to Central Asia. New Delhi is sure to continue this balancing act even as it seeks to strengthen the Saudi pillar of India’s West Asia policy.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email