Terrible Thursday: on Pulwama terror attack

 

 

 

Terrible Thursday: on Pulwama terror attack

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Pulwama attack 2019
As investigations into the Pulwama attack begin, Pakistan must act against the Jaish
As India mourns(शोक) the death of 40 CRPF personnel in Thursday’s terrorist(आतंकवादी ) strike(हमला) in Jammu and Kashmir’s Pulwama district, it is clear that the attack was meant to provoke(भड़काना/उत्तेजित करना). The Jaish-e-Mohammed, the Pakistan-based(पाकिस्तान स्थित) terrorist organisation(आतंकवादी संगठन) which has orchestrated numerous strikes(कई हमले किए गए) in the Kashmir Valley(कश्मीर घाटी), has taken responsibility(ज़िम्मेदारी/जवाबदेही) for what is now the highest toll of security forces(सुरक्षा बल) in any attack in the State. Investigations should yield(फल /प्राप्ति) a better(बेहतर) picture, but it is a matter(विषय/मामला ) of extreme(अत्यंत ) concern(चिंता ) that a suicide(आत्मघाती ) bomber(हमलावर) could time his attack to hit a security(सुरक्षा ) convoy(काफिला). There is no question that Pakistan bears the onus(दायित्व/कार्य) to explain(सफ़ाई देना/कारण बताना) why Masood Azhar, the leader of the Jaish-e-Mohammed, enjoys(आनंद लेना) such freedoms(स्वतंत्रता) on its territory(क्षेत्र ), if not outright(प्रत्यक्ष/स्पष्ट) support from the establishment. Certainly(निश्चित रूप से,), diplomatic(राजनयिक/कूटनीतिज्ञ) backing(समर्थन/सहायता) by Pakistan and China has been crucial(महत्वपूर्ण/निर्णायक) in defeating(हार ) efforts(प्रयास) at the United Nations to put Azhar on the list of banned(प्रतिबंधित ) terrorists. Early details indicate(संकेत करना ) that a sports utility(उपयोग) vehicle(वाहन) laden( लदा हुआ ) with a huge quantity(बड़ी मात्रा ) of explosives(विस्फोटक पदार्थ) targeted(निशाना बनाया) the convoy(काफिले ) of 78 buses carrying about 2,500 soldiers from Jammu to Kashmir. The video of the presumed(बनाया/परिकल्पित) suicide bomber too hints at an altered(तबदील) standard operating(संचालन) procedure(प्रक्रिया) meant to provoke(उकसाना ) and escalate(वृद्धि) tensions(तनाव ). Forensics teams have already begun work and answers to the disturbing(परेशान करने वाले ) questions the attack has raised(खुफिया ) on intelligence(जानकारी ) gathering(जुटाई/जनसमूह/एकत्रीकरण), dissemination(प्रसार ) and coordination(समन्वय ) in the Valley must be pieced together.

However, if the terrorists have acted(अंजाम देना/करना) from an updated playbook, New Delhi’s response must not play into their plans with reflexive(पूर्व सम्बन्धी/बाध्य) and precipitate(तेज़/शीघ्र) official action. India has withdrawn the Most Favoured Nation status to Pakistan in a signal that it will not wait for preliminaries(प्रारंभिक तैयारियाँ) in the effort(प्रयास ) to isolate(अलग कर देना) Pakistan. Coercive(जबरदस्त ) diplomacy (कूटनीति)is likely to continue, but to be effective(प्रभावी ) the effort needs a wider net, especially at a time when the U.S. is seeking(प्रयासकरना/मांगना/) Pakistan’s help in firming(मजबूती) up a deal with the Afghan Taliban. Beijing too must not, and cannot, evade questions about its previous(पिछला ) blocking(रोक) of action at the UN, specifically against Azhar. Post-Uri, after terrorist attacks the air is always thick with calls for retributive cross-border strikes(सीमा पार से हमले). The past history of limited, if any, returns from such precipitate action must serve as a cautionary check. Instead, the effort must be to isolate Pakistan for its support to the Jaish and seek substantive action(ठोस कार्रवाई, ), to effectively upgrade intelligence and plug security gaps(अंतराल), and to win the confidence of the local population(स्थानीय आबादी) in the Valley. Thursday’s attack was meant to provoke and polarise(ध्रुवीकरण करना/फूट डालना) the country. New Delhi’s response must, instead(बजाय/बजाय), be to isolate the perpetrators and keep the peace on Indian territory.

 

 

Important Vocabulary

1. provoke(भड़काना/उत्तेजित करना)
Synonyms: aggravate, anger, enrage, foment, incite
Antonyms: alleviate, appease, calm, delight

2. strike(हमला)
Synonyms: beat, collide, crash, drive, force
Antonyms: surrender, lose, miss, not touch, pass up

3. defeating(हार )
Synonyms: beat, crush, finish off, overpower, overthrow
Antonyms: fail, lose, surrender, yield, advance

4. crucial(महत्वपूर्ण/निर्णायक)
Synonyms: central, compelling, deciding, decisive, essential
Antonyms: inessential, insignificant, minor, optional, secondary

5. explosives(विस्फोटक पदार्थ)
Synonyms: ammunition, bomb, booby trap, detonator, dynamite

6. provoke(उकसाना )
Synonyms: aggravate, anger, enrage, foment, incite
Antonyms: alleviate, appease, calm, delight, discourage

7. convoy(काफिले )
Synonyms: attendance, attendant, companion, protection

8. gathering(जुटाई/जनसमूह/एकत्रीकरण),
Synonyms: association, caucus, collection, conclave, conference
Antonyms: division, separation, dispersal, individual, loss

9. precipitate(तेज़/शीघ्र)
Synonyms: accelerate, expedite, hasten, trigger, advance
Antonyms: block, check, halt, hinder, stop

10. firming(मजबूती)
Synonyms: cement, crystallize, stiffen, strengthen, amalgamate
Antonyms: dilute, dissolve, divide, liquefy, melt

11. Coercive(जबरदस्त )
Synonyms: bullying, violent, forced, forceful, intimidating

12. seeking(प्रयासकरना/मांगना/)
Synonyms: searching, hunting, probing, pursuing

13. polarize(ध्रुवीकरण करना/फूट डालना)
Synonyms: part, separate, demarcate, isolate, partition
Antonyms: combine, connect, join, repair, merge

14. coordination(समन्वय )
Synonyms: engineering, planning, strategy, organization, planing

15. Certainly(निश्चित रूप से,)
Synonyms: absolutely, assuredly, exactly, surely, cert
Antonyms: doubtfully, questionably, dubiously, equivocally

16. mourns(शोक)
Synonyms: ache, agonize, bemoan, complain, cry
Antonyms: approve, be content, be happy, delight, please

 

 

 

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

As investigations into the Pulwama attack begin, Pakistan must act against the Jaish
As India mourns the death of 40 CRPF personnel in Thursday’s terrorist strike in Jammu and Kashmir’s Pulwama district, it is clear that the attack was meant to provoke. The Jaish-e-Mohammed, the Pakistan-based terrorist organisation which has orchestrated numerous strikes in the Kashmir Valley, has taken responsibility for what is now the highest toll of security forces in any attack in the State. Investigations should yield a better picture, but it is a matter of extreme concern that a suicide bomber could time his attack to hit a security convoy. There is no question that Pakistan bears the onus to explain why Masood Azhar, the leader of the Jaish-e-Mohammed, enjoys such freedoms on its territory, if not outright support from the establishment. Certainly, diplomatic backing by Pakistan and China has been crucial in defeating efforts at the United Nations to put Azhar on the list of banned terrorists. Early details indicate that a sports utility vehicle laden with a huge quantity of explosives targeted the convoy of 78 buses carrying about 2,500 soldiers from Jammu to Kashmir. The video of the presumed suicide bomber too hints at an altered standard operating procedure meant to provoke and escalate tensions. Forensics teams have already begun work and answers to the disturbing questions the attack has raised on intelligence gathering, dissemination and coordination in the Valley must be pieced together.

However, if the terrorists have acted from an updated playbook, New Delhi’s response must not play into their plans with reflexive and precipitate official action. India has withdrawn the Most Favoured Nation status to Pakistan in a signal that it will not wait for preliminaries in the effort to isolate Pakistan. Coercive diplomacy is likely to continue, but to be effective the effort needs a wider net, especially at a time when the U.S. is seeking Pakistan’s help in firming up a deal with the Afghan Taliban. Beijing too must not, and cannot, evade questions about its previous blocking of action at the UN, specifically against Azhar. Post-Uri, after terrorist attacks the air is always thick with calls for retributive cross-border strikes. The past history of limited, if any, returns from such precipitate action must serve as a cautionary check. Instead, the effort must be to isolate Pakistan for its support to the Jaish and seek substantive action, to effectively upgrade intelligence and plug security gaps, and to win the confidence of the local population in the Valley. Thursday’s attack was meant to provoke and polarise the country. New Delhi’s response must, instead, be to isolate the perpetrators and keep the peace on Indian territory.

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