With reservations: quota for Gujjars?

 

 

 

With reservations: quota for Gujjars?

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Reservation
It’s not clear if the 103rd Amendment will protect the new quota for Gujjars in Rajasthan
With leaders of the Gujjar agitation(आंदोलन) for reservations(आरक्षण) calling off their stir(उपद्रव/हलचल/हड़बड़ी)the Rajasthan government has averted(हटाना/टालना) what could have been a prolonged(लंबे समय तक।) crisis(संकट). There is a sense of déjà vu amid all this. Gujjar leaders have held various(विभिन्न/मुख़्तलिफ़) rounds of protests(विरोध प्रदर्शन /आपत्ति) over the last decade and a half, demanding(मांग करना) reservations in educational institutions and employment in a separate(अलग ) backward category that is apart from the existing 21% set aside for Other Backward Classes in the State. Despite(के बावजूद) governments bringing in legislation(कानून लाना) towards(की ओर) this end, they have been struck down on the grounds that the additional(अतिरिक्त ) quota would take the quantum(मात्रा) of reservation above the 50% limit(सीमा) set by the Supreme Court in the Indra Sawhney judgment. On Wednesday, the Rajasthan State Assembly passed legislation providing(प्रदान करना) 5% reservation to Gujjars and four other nomadic(ख़ानाबदोश/आवारागर्द) communities(समुदाय), classifying(वर्गीकृत) them as “extremely backward classes”. But this time, the circumstances(परिस्थिति/हालत) have arguably changed with the passing of the 103rd Amendment(संशोधन) to the Constitution that allows for a 10% quota for the economically backward among communities that do not enjoy any form of reservation. The State government has also added a line to the Bill explicitly(स्पष्ट रूप से) referring(जिक्र) to the amendment, which effectively(प्रभावी रूप से) breaches(उल्लंघनों/विच्छेद) the 50% limit set for reservations by the Supreme Court. It remains(बाकी है) to be seen how the judiciary will tackle this question in light of the 103rd amendment, the constitutionality of which is under challenge.

The demand by Gujjars has a specific(विशिष्ट ) context. In Rajasthan, the community is currently eligible(योग्य/पात्र ) for reservations as an OBC community. They had in the mid- and late-2000s agitated(उत्तेजित) for inclusion(समावेश/सम्मिलन) in the Scheduled(अनुसूचित ) Tribe(जनजाति ) category, in keeping with the way they are classified in Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. This demand was denied(अस्वीकार ) because tribal status, as defined(परिभाषित ) in the Constitution’s Fifth Schedule, involves(शामिल/संयुक्त करना) identifiable(पहचाने जाने योग्य) characteristics(विशेषताओं/अनोखा) such as lifestyle, culture(संस्कृति/पालन), inaccessibility(अप्राप्यता/दुर्गमता) and backwardness(पिछड़ापन), and not just economic underdevelopment(विकास जारी है।). Since then, the largely pastoral community has pressed(दबाया गया) for reservations under a separate backward class category, arguing(उलझ /बहस) that inclusion(समावेश/अन्तर्भाव) of Jats in the OBC list has crowded Gujjars out of the benefits(लाभ) of reservations. Clearly, the decision to accommodate(समायोजित/अनुकूल बनाना) a demand from one politically dominant(प्रमुख ) community (Jats) has come to haunt administrators in the State as this has fanned Gujjar agitations on and off. Multiple commissions appointed by State governments have recommended the implementation of the 5% quota on the basis of the community’s “extreme” or “most” backward nature. But the lack of adequate(पर्याप्त ) data in the absence of a proper socio-economic caste census(गणना/जनगणना) to prove this has led to the policy’s undoing in judicial orders. More important, the repeated agitations are an indication(संकेत/लक्षण) of the shortfall in adequate, gainful(लाभकारी ) and secure(सुरक्षित) job opportunities(अवसर) in States such as Rajasthan.

 

 

Important Vocabulary

1. stir(उपद्रव/हलचल/हड़बड़ी)
Synonyms: conformity, consent, acquiescence, amenability, assent
Antonyms: difference, disagreement, refusal, disobedience, rebellion

2. protests(विरोध प्रदर्शन /आपत्ति)
Synonyms: challenge, demonstration, dissent, objection, outcry
Antonyms: agreement, answer, calm, concurrence, harmony

3. additional(अतिरिक्त
Synonyms: added, further, increased, new, other
Antonyms: necessary

4. nomadic(ख़ानाबदोश/आवारागर्द)
Synonyms: pastoral, peripatetic, wandering, drifting
Antonyms: native, settled

5. referring(जिक्र)
Synonyms:attributing, citing, hinting, implying, indicating

6. explicitly(स्पष्ट रूप से
Synonyms: especially, exceptionally, notably, principally, specially
Antonyms: normally, usually, commonly, generally

7. breaches(उल्लंघनों/विच्छेद)
Synonyms: crack, rift, rupture, aperture, break
Antonyms: agreement, closing, closure, juncture, misfortune

8. census(गणना/जनगणना)
Synonyms: enumeration, poll, demographics, demography, statistics

9. gainful(लाभकारी )
Synonyms: advantageous, beneficial, fat, fruitful, generous
Antonyms: disadvantageous, unproductive, unprofitable, useless

10. specific(विशिष्ट )
Synonyms: clear-cut, definite, definitive, different, distinct
Antonyms: ambiguous, careless, common, commonplace, equivocal

11. eligible(योग्य/पात्र
Synonyms: acceptable, likely, qualified, suitable, appropriate
Antonyms: unacceptable, improper, inappropriate, ineligible, unfit

12. circumstances(परिस्थिति/हालत)
Synonyms: assets, capital, chances, class, command
Antonyms: debt, poorness, poverty

 

 

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

It’s not clear if the 103rd Amendment will protect the new quota for Gujjars in Rajasthan
With leaders of the Gujjar agitation for reservations calling off their stir, the Rajasthan government has averted what could have been a prolonged crisis. There is a sense of déjà vu amid all this. Gujjar leaders have held various rounds of protests over the last decade and a half, demanding reservations in educational institutions and employment in a separate backward category that is apart from the existing 21% set aside for Other Backward Classes in the State. Despite governments bringing in legislation towards this end, they have been struck down on the grounds that the additional quota would take the quantum of reservation above the 50% limit set by the Supreme Court in the Indra Sawhney judgment. On Wednesday, the Rajasthan State Assembly passed legislation providing 5% reservation to Gujjars and four other nomadic communities, classifying them as “extremely backward classes”. But this time, the circumstances have arguably changed with the passing of the 103rd Amendment to the Constitution that allows for a 10% quota for the economically backward among communities that do not enjoy any form of reservation. The State government has also added a line to the Bill explicitly referring to the amendment, which effectively breaches the 50% limit set for reservations by the Supreme Court. It remains to be seen how the judiciary will tackle this question in light of the 103rd amendment, the constitutionality of which is under challenge.

The demand by Gujjars has a specific context. In Rajasthan, the community is currently eligible for reservations as an OBC community. They had in the mid- and late-2000s agitated for inclusion in the Scheduled Tribe category, in keeping with the way they are classified in Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. This demand was denied because tribal status, as defined in the Constitution’s Fifth Schedule, involves identifiable characteristics such as lifestyle, culture, inaccessibility and backwardness, and not just economic underdevelopment. Since then, the largely pastoral community has pressed for reservations under a separate backward class category, arguing that inclusion of Jats in the OBC list has crowded Gujjars out of the benefits of reservations. Clearly, the decision to accommodate a demand from one politically dominant community (Jats) has come to haunt administrators in the State as this has fanned Gujjar agitations on and off. Multiple commissions appointed by State governments have recommended the implementation of the 5% quota on the basis of the community’s “extreme” or “most” backward nature. But the lack of adequate data in the absence of a proper socio-economic caste census to prove this has led to the policy’s undoing in judicial orders. More important, the repeated agitations are an indication of the shortfall in adequate, gainful and secure job opportunities in States such as Rajasthan.

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