Terror timeline: on FATF advisory to Pakistan

 

 

Terror timeline: on FATF advisory to Pakistan

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Pulwama attack 2019
The FATF must impress upon Pakistan the need to take meaningful action
The statement(बयान) of the Financial Action Task Force in Paris is another message to Islamabad from the international(अंतरराष्ट्रीय ) community(समुदाय) of the mounting(बढ़ती ) costs(लागत) of its decades-old lax policy towards terror groups. Significantly(गौरतलब है कि/महत्व के साथ) it came a week after the February 14 Pulwama attack, and the global terror finance watchdog condemned(निंदा की/अभियुक्त), in no uncertain(अनिश्चित ) terms, the suicide bombing of the CRPF convoy(काफिला) that left 40 personnel dead. It issued a 10-point advisory(सलाह) to Pakistan if it wants to be out of the “grey list” of countries posing(प्रस्तुत/खड़ा कर देना) a “risk to the international system”. Pakistan has been on the grey list since June 2018, and will be required(अपेक्षित/मांगा हुआ) to show compliance(अनुमति/इजाज़त) or face being “black-listed” by the session in October 2019. A black-list would mean enhanced(बढ़ाया/वर्धित) financial scrutiny(जांच ) of its government, possible(संभव ) sanctions(प्रतिबंध) against(खिलाफ) its central bank, and a downgrade(झुकाव/ढाल) of its financial and credit institutions. This is something Pakistan, already facing(सामना ) an acute(तीव्र/विकट) debt crisis( ऋण संकट), can ill-afford. Amongst the FATF’s stern observations(टिप्पणियों/निगरानी) of what it called Pakistan’s lack of “understanding” of the terror finance risks posed by groups, such as the Taliban, al-Qaeda, Islamic State, Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed, was a clear message: Islamabad must visibly demonstrate(प्रदर्शित करता है/दिखाना) that it has taken measures(उपाय कार्यवाही) to crack down on and shut down the infrastructure and finances of these groups. The first deadline(समय सीमा) to show results is May 2019, with a review(समीक्षा/आलोचना) in June. This goes even beyond(परे) the Security Council (सुरक्षा परिषद) guidelines under its 1267 listing, that oblige(मजबूर करना/लाचार करनाउपकृत) Pakistan to ensure that terror entities(संस्थाओं/अस्तित्व) do not travel out of the country, or have access to funding or weaponry.

Proof that Pakistan took on board the FATF’s warnings(चेतावनियों) and potential(संभावित ) action(कार्रवाई) came even as the plenary(परिपूर्ण/विस्तृत) was under way. Prime Minister Imran Khan held a meeting of his national security officials, and vowed(क़सम खाना/शपथ) to double down to tackle terror groups in Pakistan and to put two Hafiz Saeed-led LeT offshoots, the Jamaat ud Dawa and the Falah-e-Insaniat Foundation, on its schedule (1) list of banned(प्रतिबंधित ) organisations(संगठनों ). A day later, security forces took over “administrative control” of a madrasa in Bahawalpur believed to be run by the Masood Azhar-led JeM, which was behind(पीछे) the Pulwama attack(हमले ). But the measures do not go far enough(पर्याप्त ) or inspire(प्रेरित/प्रेरणा देना) confidence(आत्मविश्वास ). Mr. Khan’s own speech in response to India’s demand(मांग) for action on those responsible for Pulwama was a disappointing(निराशाजनक ) mix of denial(इनकार ) and opportunism(अवसरवाद/मौक़ापरस्ती) to raise the Kashmir issue. The banning of the JuD and the FIF doesn’t appear(आभास होना/प्रतीत होना) to have affected the groups in the slightest(थोड़ा/कमज़ोर), and a day after taking over the Bahawalpur seminary(मदरसा), Pakistan’s Information Minister announced that its links to the JeM were simply “Indian propaganda(प्रचार/सिद्धांता)”. The world community must make it clear to the Pakistan government the possible international and financial repercussions(नतीजे/प्रतिक्रिया) of ignoring(अनदेखी / the FATF’s timeline.

 

 

Important Vocabulary

1. mounting(बढ़ती
Synonyms: conformity, consent, acquiescence, amenability, assent
Antonyms: difference, disagreement, refusal, disobedience, rebellion

2. required(अपेक्षित/मांगा हुआ)
Synonyms: appropriate, compulsory, enforced, mandatory, needed
Antonyms: optional, voluntary, inessential

3. compliance(अनुमति/इजाज़त)
Synonyms: conformity, consent, acquiescence, amenability, assent
Antonyms: difference, disagreement, refusal, disobedience, rebellion

4. convoy(काफिला)
Synonyms: attendance, attendant, companion, protection

5. demonstrate(प्रदर्शित करता है/दिखाना)
Synonyms: determine, establish, exhibit, expose, indicate
Antonyms: conceal, cover, disprove, hide, confuse

6. entities(संस्थाओं/अस्तित्व)
Synonyms: body, individual, article, being, creature
Antonyms: abstract, inanimate, concept, idea

7. acute(तीव्र/विकट)
Synonyms: intense, keen, sharp, subtle, sensitive
Antonyms: blunt, calm, dull, forthright, honest

8. oblige(मजबूर करना/लाचार करनाउपकृत)
Synonyms: bind, compel, constrain, impel, obligate
Antonyms: delay, free, release, be mean, let off

9. potential(संभावित
Synonyms: hidden, likely, possible, probable, budding
Antonyms: unlikely, helpless, impossible, lacking, unpromising

10. opportunism(अवसरवाद/मौक़ापरस्ती)
Synonyms: advantage, advantageousness, expedience, exploitation, opportunity

11. slightest(थोड़ा/कमज़ोर),
Synonyms: meager, minor, modest, negligible, slender
Antonyms: important, large, major, significant, likely

12. repercussions(नतीजे/प्रतिक्रिया)
Synonyms: backlash, chain reaction, effect, fallout, impact
Antonyms: cause

13. ignoring(अनदेखी
Synonyms: avoid, discount, fail, forget, neglect
Antonyms: accomplish, achieve, approve, attend, complete

 

 

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

The FATF must impress upon Pakistan the need to take meaningful action
The statement of the Financial Action Task Force in Paris is another message to Islamabad from the international community of the mounting costs of its decades-old lax policy towards terror groups. Significantly, it came a week after the February 14 Pulwama attack, and the global terror finance watchdog condemned, in no uncertain terms, the suicide bombing of the CRPF convoy that left 40 personnel dead. It issued a 10-point advisory to Pakistan if it wants to be out of the “grey list” of countries posing a “risk to the international system”. Pakistan has been on the grey list since June 2018, and will be required to show compliance or face being “black-listed” by the session in October 2019. A black-list would mean enhanced financial scrutiny of its government, possible sanctions against its central bank, and a downgrade of its financial and credit institutions. This is something Pakistan, already facing an acute debt crisis, can ill-afford. Amongst the FATF’s stern observations of what it called Pakistan’s lack of “understanding” of the terror finance risks posed by groups, such as the Taliban, al-Qaeda, Islamic State, Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed, was a clear message: Islamabad must visibly demonstrate that it has taken measures to crack down on and shut down the infrastructure and finances of these groups. The first deadline to show results is May 2019, with a review in June. This goes even beyond the Security Council guidelines under its 1267 listing, that oblige Pakistan to ensure that terror entities do not travel out of the country, or have access to funding or weaponry.

Proof that Pakistan took on board the FATF’s warnings and potential action came even as the plenary was under way. Prime Minister Imran Khan held a meeting of his national security officials, and vowed to double down to tackle terror groups in Pakistan and to put two Hafiz Saeed-led LeT offshoots, the Jamaat ud Dawa and the Falah-e-Insaniat Foundation, on its schedule (1) list of banned organisations. A day later, security forces took over “administrative control” of a madrasa in Bahawalpur believed to be run by the Masood Azhar-led JeM, which was behind the Pulwama attack. But the measures do not go far enough or inspire confidence. Mr. Khan’s own speech in response to India’s demand for action on those responsible for Pulwama was a disappointing mix of denial and opportunism to raise the Kashmir issue. The banning of the JuD and the FIF doesn’t appear to have affected the groups in the slightest, and a day after taking over the Bahawalpur seminary, Pakistan’s Information Minister announced that its links to the JeM were simply “Indian propaganda”. The world community must make it clear to the Pakistan government the possible international and financial repercussions of ignoring the FATF’s timeline.

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