Coming home: on release of Indian pilot Wg. Cdr. Abhinandan

 

 

Coming home: on release of Indian pilot Wg. Cdr. Abhinandan

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Balakot Air Strikes
Pulwama attack 2019
The release of the IAF pilot gives India and Pakistan the chance to de-escalate tensions
With Pakistan’s decision to release(रिहाई) Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, tensions between India and Pakistan may finally wind down. The gesture(इशारा/हाव-भाव), which Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan called an offer of peace(शांति ) and goodwill(सद्भावना), must be appreciated(सराहना ), although there is evidence(सबूत/प्रमाण) to suggest(सुझाव ) that there was pressure(दबाव ) from other countries on Islamabad to make such an announcement(घोषणा) to prevent(रोकना/प्रतिबंध करना) further escalation(वृद्धि) from India. If Wing Commander Abhinandan’s return provides(प्रदान ) the space for diplomacy(कूटनीति/राजनीति) to take over, it is because(क्योंकि/चूंकि) it gives both countries the opportunity(अवसर/मौक़ा) to signal a victory(जीत) of sorts(प्रकार/तरह ). Islamabad will project itself as having done the decent(सभ्य/उचित) thing, and New Delhi is likely to claim(दावा/मांग) that its tough(कठोर/कड़ा) stance(मुद्रा) compelled(मजबूर) his return. There have been a number of incidents(घटनाओं) that took the subcontinent(उपमहाद्वीप) to the brink(कगार) of a conflict(संघर्ष ) that could have quite(काफी ) easily(आसानी से) spiralled out of control — from the Pulwama attack to the Indian air strikes on Balakot, to attempted(आज़माना) attacks by Pakistani military aircraft(पाकिस्तानी सैन्य विमान) in Jammu and Kashmir, and the IAF pilot’s capture(कब्जा). The sense of uncertainty(अनिश्चितता/संदेह) was only made worse(बदतर/और भी बुरा ) by the b of public figures and the media on both sides, who tried(कोशिश ) to score points domestically(घरेलू स्तर). In India, within a few weeks the image(छवि) of a nation(राष्ट्र ) in grief(दु: ख ) determined(निर्धारण) to fight(लड़ाई ) terrorism(आतंकवाद ) appeared(दिखाई/निर्गत ) to have given way to triumphalism(विजय) over the Balakot strikes. Pakistan went the same way after it foiled(नाकाम/परास्त करना ) an attack across the Line of Control that saw both sides take down each other’s aircraft. Videos of Wing Commander Abhinandan being manhandled(हाथापाई /पीटना) by a mob before Pakistani soldiers moved in to protect him did not help. As a result, the focus changed within a few days from India’s outrage(उल्लंघन/नाराजगी) over the terror strike to two nuclear neighbours poised(की ओर अग्रसर/तैयार) for conflict(संघर्ष ).

It is time for New Delhi and Islamabad to use the pause afforded(खर्च ) by the relief over the release to decide on the rules of engagement(वचनबद्धता/व्यवसाय). Pakistan must realise(एहसास ) that the time for denial(इनकार ) and obfuscation(आपत्ति/घबराहट) is over. Unless it begins to act on India’s and the world community’s(विश्व समुदाय) concerns(चिंताएँ) about Pakistan-based terror safe havens in a time-bound manner(तौर तरीका/शैली) the two nations could be back on the brink of war(युद्ध की कगार) if there is another trigger. If it does act, it could herald(सूचना देना/अग्र-दूत) a paradigm(मिसाल/उदाहरण) shift in India-Pakistan engagement and help fix its own fragile(नाजुक ) economy(अर्थव्यवस्था). This has a precedent: the period that followed then-Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf’s 2003 announcement on shutting down terror groups, when Pakistan’s military actually(वास्तव में) showed some results in the matter, was the most productive(उत्पादक ) phase(चरण) of engagement between the two countries in recent decades(दशकों ). Significantly(गौरतलब है कि /महत्व के साथ), it was a time of economic growth and stability(स्थिरता/मज़बूती) too for Pakistan. New Delhi must be ready to show both flexibility(लचीलापन/नम्यता) and a determined(निर्धारित/स्थित) focus on Pakistan’s action against terror groups, including(समेत/सहित) the Jaish-e-Mohammad. This is the best way to build(निर्माण ) constructively(रचनात्मक रूप से) on the international(अंतरराष्ट्रीय ) consensus(सहमति) built post-Pulwama in India’s favour(पक्ष/तरफ़दारी).

 

 

Important Vocabulary

1. gesture(इशारा/हाव-भाव)
Synonyms: action, body language, expression, indication, nod
Antonyms: speech

2. evidence(सबूत/प्रमाण)
Synonyms: clue, confirmation, data, deposition, documentation
Antonyms: concealment, denial, hiding, contradiction, disproof

3. escalation(वृद्धि)
Synonyms: acceleration, growth, increase, rise
Antonyms: decrease, diminishment

4. compelled(मजबूर)
Synonyms: constrain, enforce, exact, impel, necessitate
Antonyms: dissuade, discourage, halt, leave alone, stop

5. suggest(सुझाव )
Synonyms: advise, advocate, offer, propose, put
Antonyms: deny, dissuade, oppose, refuse, take

6. decent(सभ्य/उचित)
Synonyms: correct, good, honest, honorable, modest
Antonyms: improper, incorrect, misbehaving, unrefined, unreliable

7. opportunity(अवसर/मौक़ा)
Synonyms: convenience, event, excuse, freedom, hope
Antonyms: closing, closure, misfortune, reality, truth

8. opportunity(अवसर/मौक़ा)
Synonyms: convenience, event, excuse, freedom, hope
Antonyms: closing, closure, misfortune, reality, truth

9. attempted(आज़माना)
Synonyms: pursue, seek, solicit, tackle, undertake
Antonyms: forget, neglect, be idle, be lazy

10. worse(बदतर/और भी बुरा )
Synonyms: bad, poor, ill, not so good

11. grief(दु: ख )
Synonyms: agony, anguish, bereavement, despair, discomfort
Antonyms: advantage, blessing, cheer, comfort, contentedness

12. poised(की ओर अग्रसर/तैयार)
Synonyms: hover, wait, ballast, brood, float
Antonyms: let go, refuse, reject, release, drop

13. conflict(संघर्ष ).
Synonyms: battle, clash, combat, competition, rivalry
Antonyms: peace, truce, agreement, calm, harmony

14. denial(इनकार )
Synonyms: disapproval, rebuttal, rejection, repudiation, retraction
Antonyms: allowance, approval, confirmation, ratification

15. obfuscation(आपत्ति/घबराहट)
Synonyms: bafflement, bewilderment, confusion, discombobulation, fog

16. fragile(नाजुक )
Synonyms: delicate, feeble, frail, weak, brittle
Antonyms: able, firm, healthy, strong

17. paradigm(मिसाल/उदाहरण)
Synonyms: archetype, chart, criterion, exemplar, ideal

18. stability(स्थिरता/मज़बूती)
Synonyms: balance, cohesion, establishment, security, strength
Antonyms: doubt, instability, spinelessness, uncertainty, weakness

19. consensus(सहमति
Synonyms: accord, consent, harmony, unanimity, unity
Antonyms: denial, disagreement, dissension, opposition, refusal

 

 

 

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

 

The release of the IAF pilot gives India and Pakistan the chance to de-escalate tensions
With Pakistan’s decision to release Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, tensions between India and Pakistan may finally wind down. The gesture, which Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan called an offer of peace and goodwill, must be appreciated, although there is evidence to suggest that there was pressure from other countries on Islamabad to make such an announcement to prevent further escalation from India. If Wing Commander Abhinandan’s return provides the space for diplomacy to take over, it is because it gives both countries the opportunity to signal a victory of sorts. Islamabad will project itself as having done the decent thing, and New Delhi is likely to claim that its tough stance compelled his return. There have been a number of incidents that took the subcontinent to the brink of a conflict that could have quite easily spiralled out of control — from the Pulwama attack to the Indian air strikes on Balakot, to attempted attacks by Pakistani military aircraft in Jammu and Kashmir, and the IAF pilot’s capture. The sense of uncertainty was only made worse by the utterances of public figures and the media on both sides, who tried to score points domestically. In India, within a few weeks the image of a nation in grief determined to fight terrorism appeared to have given way to triumphalism over the Balakot strikes. Pakistan went the same way after it foiled an attack across the Line of Control that saw both sides take down each other’s aircraft. Videos of Wing Commander Abhinandan being manhandled by a mob before Pakistani soldiers moved in to protect him did not help. As a result, the focus changed within a few days from India’s outrage over the terror strike to two nuclear neighbours poised for conflict.

It is time for New Delhi and Islamabad to use the pause afforded by the relief over the release to decide on the rules of engagement. Pakistan must realise that the time for denial and obfuscation is over. Unless it begins to act on India’s and the world community’s concerns about Pakistan-based terror safe havens in a time-bound manner, the two nations could be back on the brink of war if there is another trigger. If it does act, it could herald a paradigm shift in India-Pakistan engagement and help fix its own fragile economy. This has a precedent: the period that followed then-Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf’s 2003 announcement on shutting down terror groups, when Pakistan’s military actually showed some results in the matter, was the most productive phase of engagement between the two countries in recent decades. Significantly, it was a time of economic growth and stability too for Pakistan. New Delhi must be ready to show both flexibility and a determined focus on Pakistan’s action against terror groups, including the Jaish-e-Mohammad. This is the best way to build constructively on the international consensus built post-Pulwama in India’s favour.

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