Hanoi hiccup: on Kim-Trump summit

 

 

Hanoi hiccup: on Kim-Trump summit

Despite the collapse of talks, the U.S. and North Korea must persist with CBMs
The abrupt(अकस्मात/अचानक) end of talks between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in Hanoi is clearly(स्पष्ट रूप से ) a setback(झटका/नाकामयाबी) to attempts(प्रयास/आज़माना) to find a peaceful(शांतिपूर्ण ) solution(समाधान) to the Korean nuclear crisis(संकट). Both sides cut short a two-day summit on the second day on Thursday without even signing a joint communiqué(सांप्रदायिकता). They also gave conflicting(परस्पर-विरोधी) versions(संस्करणों/हाल) on why the talks collapsed(ध्वस्त /एकाएक गिरना). Mr. Trump said Mr. Kim insisted(जोर दिया/आग्रह करना) on a full withdrawal of American sanctions(प्रतिबंधों ) in return for the closure(समापन) of only one nuclear facility(सुविधा). However, North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho later said Pyongyang had sought only partial(आंशिक ) sanctions(प्रतिबंधों ) relief(राहत) in return for dismantling(निराकरण/उद्ध्वंसन ) the Yongbyon nuclear site, the North’s main facility. Whatever the actual reason(वास्तविक कारण), one thing is clear: the bonhomie between the two leaders after last year’s Singapore summit(सिंगापुर शिखर सम्मेलन) was missing in Hanoi. After the Singapore meet, both sides had agreed(माना/सहमत) to have “new U.S.-DPRK [North Korea] relations” and establish(स्थापित करना/सिद्ध करना) a “lasting and stable(स्थिर/मज़बूत) peace regime(शांति शासन ”)” on the Korean peninsula. Pyongyang had also promised to work toward “complete denuclearisation(परमाणु मुक्त)”. No such comments about the future course of the peace process were issued(जारी किया गया) this time. The North Koreans have ruled out any immediate plans(तत्काल योजना) for a future meeting between the two sides.

A part of the problem was the failure(विफलता) of both Washington and Pyongyang in following up on commitments made in Singapore. A few weeks ahead of that summit in June, North Korea had announced(घोषणा करना/सूचना देना) a complete freeze on nuclear and missile tests as a reconciliatory(सुलह/सामंजस्यपूर्ण ) gesture(इशारा). It had asked the U.S. to reciprocate(विनिमय करना/परस्पर लेन-देन करना) — its main demand was a formal declaration(औपचारिक घोषणा) of an end to the 1950-53 Korean War, but the Trump administration refused to do so. Lack of confidence-building(आत्मविश्वास निर्माण) measures(उपाय कार्यवाही) too blunted(पा लिया) the momentum created in Singapore. When U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo first visited Pyongyang, Mr. Kim refused to meet him. Later, the American intelligence(खुफिया ) community(समुदाय) reported that North Korea continued its ballistic missile programme after the first Trump-Kim summit. With these problems still in place, the second summit between the leaders was announced. Any hopes of clinching(हासिल) a big agreement(समझौता) in Hanoi fell as both sides stuck to their respective (संबंधित )demands(मांगों). However, the setback need not necessarily bring the peace process(शांति प्रक्रिया) to a halt. Mr. Trump himself has said denuclearisation is a long process. The freeze on nuclear and missile tests that Mr. Kim announced is still in place. The Korean peninsula has been calm(शांत/स्थिरता) , while inter-Korean relations have markedly improved. Before the Hanoi summit, there were reports that the U.S. would declare an end to the Korean war and that both countries would open liaison(खुला संपर्क) offices in each other’s capitals as part of normalisation(सामान्यीकरण ) of ties. They should go ahead with such measures and build confidence and mutual trust while also taking a phased(चरणबद्ध ) approach to dealing with more contentious(विवादास्पद ) issues(मुद्दे) such as denuclearisation

 

Important Vocabulary

1. setback(झटका/नाकामयाबी)
Synonyms: blow, defeat, delay, difficulty, hindrance
Antonyms: advance, advantage, aid, assistance, blessing

2. attempts(प्रयास/आज़माना)
Synonyms: attack, bid, endeavor, experiment, pursuit
Antonyms: retreat, surrender, certainty, laziness, success

3. peaceful(शांतिपूर्ण )
Synonyms: amicable, bloodless, calm, harmonious, neutral
Antonyms: agitated, broken, excited, intermittent, loud

4. solution(समाधान)
Synonyms: explanation, quick fix, result, clarification, elucidation
Antonyms: chemical, doubt, element, problem, quandary

5. communiqué(सांप्रदायिकता).
Synonyms: directive, information, letter, memo, memorandum
Antonyms: heedlessness, ignorance, neglect, silence

6. insisted(जोर दिया/आग्रह करना)
Synonyms: assert, contend, demand, hold, maintain
Antonyms: abandon, desert, reply, endure, forget

7. conflicting(परस्पर-विरोधी)
Synonyms: adverse, antagonistic, clashing, contrary, incompatible
Antonyms: consonant, harmonious, agreeable, nonconflicting, peaceful

8. partial(आंशिक )
Synonyms: limited, imperfect, part, sectional, fractional
Antonyms: complete, entire, fair, just, total

9. dismantling(निराकरण/उद्ध्वंसन
Synonyms: break up, demolish, destroy, disassemble, raze
Antonyms: build, construct, create, repair, restore

10. intelligence(खुफिया )
Synonyms: acumen, agility, brilliance, intellect, judgment
Antonyms: ignorance, inability, stupidity, disinclination, physicality

11.contentious(विवादास्पद )
Synonyms: antagonistic, combative, testy, argumentative, belligerent
Antonyms: agreeable

12. respective (संबंधित )
Synonyms: various, corresponding, each, individual, own
Antonyms: indefinite

 

 

 

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

Despite the collapse of talks, the U.S. and North Korea must persist with CBMs
The abrupt end of talks between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in Hanoi is clearly a setback to attempts to find a peaceful solution to the Korean nuclear crisis. Both sides cut short a two-day summit on the second day on Thursday without even signing a joint communiqué. They also gave conflicting versions on why the talks collapsed. Mr. Trump said Mr. Kim insisted on a full withdrawal of American sanctions in return for the closure of only one nuclear facility. However, North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho later said Pyongyang had sought only partial sanctions relief in return for dismantling the Yongbyon nuclear site, the North’s main facility. Whatever the actual reason, one thing is clear: the bonhomie between the two leaders after last year’s Singapore summit was missing in Hanoi. After the Singapore meet, both sides had agreed to have “new U.S.-DPRK [North Korea] relations” and establish a “lasting and stable peace regime” on the Korean peninsula. Pyongyang had also promised to work toward “complete denuclearisation”. No such comments about the future course of the peace process were issued this time. The North Koreans have ruled out any immediate plans for a future meeting between the two sides.

A part of the problem was the failure of both Washington and Pyongyang in following up on commitments made in Singapore. A few weeks ahead of that summit in June, North Korea had announced a complete freeze on nuclear and missile tests as a reconciliatory gesture. It had asked the U.S. to reciprocate — its main demand was a formal declaration of an end to the 1950-53 Korean War, but the Trump administration refused to do so. Lack of confidence-building measures too blunted the momentum created in Singapore. When U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo first visited Pyongyang, Mr. Kim refused to meet him. Later, the American intelligence community reported that North Korea continued its ballistic missile programme after the first Trump-Kim summit. With these problems still in place, the second summit between the leaders was announced. Any hopes of clinching a big agreement in Hanoi fell as both sides stuck to their respective demands. However, the setback need not necessarily bring the peace process to a halt. Mr. Trump himself has said denuclearisation is a long process. The freeze on nuclear and missile tests that Mr. Kim announced is still in place. The Korean peninsula has been calm, while inter-Korean relations have markedly improved. Before the Hanoi summit, there were reports that the U.S. would declare an end to the Korean war and that both countries would open liaison offices in each other’s capitals as part of normalisation of ties. They should go ahead with such measures and build confidence and mutual trust while also taking a phased approach to dealing with more contentious issues such as denuclearisation

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