The week after: on India-Pak relations

 

 

 

 

The week after: on India-Pak relations

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Balakot Air Strikes
Pulwama attack 2019
India must keep up diplomatic pressure on Pakistan to act against terror groups
With India and Pakistan deciding(तय कर रहा/निर्णायक ) to de-escalate post-Balakot tensions, the focus has moved to the diplomatic(कूटनीतिक ) sphere(क्षेत्र/स्थिति). India’s strikes(प्रहार/मार) on a target deep(गहरी ) inside Pakistan were coupled with diplomatic manoeuvres(दाव-पेंच/युद्धाभ्यास ) that ensured(सुनिश्चित ) no country censured(निंदा करना) India for the move. And in a turnaround for ties(संबंधों के लिए बदलाव) with the Organisation(संगठन) of Islamic Cooperation after half a century, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj was able(योग्य/कार्यक्षम to put the country’s case before the body, while Pakistan stayed out. In recognition(पहचान/स्वीकरन) of India’s justification to act against(खिलाफ) an imminent(निकटस्थ/आसन्न) terror threat(आशंका/धमकी) from the Jaish-e-Mohammad, the U.S., the U.K. and France also moved in at record speed to bring another listing request against the group’s(समूह ) founder(संस्थापक), Masood Azhar, at the UN Security Council’s committee for terror designations(उपाधि/आदेश). There is a reasonable(उचित/वाजिब ) assumption(कल्पना/धारणा) that China will not block it this time as it did during(दौरान ) the last three attempts(प्रयास). There were other outcomes that defied(चुनौती देना/अवहेलना करना) the past. Although Islamabad had spoken(बात की थी) in the past(अतीत ) of its abilities(क्षमता/कौशल) with “tactical nuclear devices”, there was no such mobilisation(जुटाव/गतिमान करना) after India’s strikes. On the other hand, Pakistan was able to, with its aerial response(प्रतिक्रिया), also indicate(संकेत करना/प्रकट करना) that it was not without non-nuclear options. Finally, indications that the international community was involved(लिप्त/फंसा हुआ/मिला हुआ) in effecting(प्रभावित करना) a breakthrough(सफलता ) are clear. U.S. President Donald Trump hinted at a breakthrough in talks hours before Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan announced(घोषणा ) the release of Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman.

The government must, however, also assess(निर्धारित करना/मूल्यांकन ) what it has actually achieved(हासिल/उपलब्ध किया हुआ) in strategic(रणनीति-संबंधी/महत्वपूर्ण) terms, and the consequences(परिणाम/महत्त्व) of the “new normal” it has sought to create with Pakistan. Despite(बावजूद) the strikes, it is far from clear that the capabilities(क्षमताओं/संभव) of the JeM have been degraded(अपमानित/तुच्छ) to the point where it can no longer carry out attacks in India. New Delhi must also track the JeM’s assets(संपत्ति ) and abilities within Jammu and Kashmir, as well as any intelligence(खुफिया ) and security (सुरक्षा )protocol failures that may have preceded(पहले/आगे होना) the Pulwama attack. Second, while Pakistan announced it would study the dossier given by New Delhi on Azhar and the JeM, it does not appear to be willing(तैयार/इच्छुक) to act against either, and has not taken steps akin to the few it had after the 2001 Parliament attack, the 2008 Mumbai attacks or the 2016 Pathankot attack. Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi’s comments practically(वास्तव में/असल ) defending(बचाना/पक्ष लेना) the JeM and putting out excuses(बहाना/दोष्मुक्त करना) of “illness” for Azhar make that clear. It is also necessary(आवश्यक) to realise(महसूस करना) the limits of calling international attention to India’s concerns(चिंताएं), to ensure(सुनिश्चित/पक्का करना) that there are no curbs on what India sees as its strategic autonomy. Finally, the government must have a firmer handle on its messaging after the events of the past week, so that a public reading of its strategic purpose(उद्देश्य/प्रयोजन) is not lost in the claim vs counterclaim(जवाबी दावा) spiral with Pakistan.

 

Important Vocabulary

1. deciding(तय कर रहा/निर्णायक )
Synonyms: conclusive, decisive, chief, key, necessary
Antonyms: indefinite, inessential, minor, secondary, unimportant

2. censured(निंदा करना)
Synonyms: admonish, berate, castigate, chastise, chide
Antonyms: approve, commend, compliment, flatter, forgive

3. recognition(पहचान/स्वीकरन)
Synonyms: acceptance, admission, appreciation, awareness, concession
Antonyms: denial, disagreement, disbelief, refusal, repudiation

4. strikes(प्रहार/मार)
Synonyms: beat, collide, crash, drive, force
Antonyms: surrender, lose, miss, not touch, pass up

5. designations(उपाधि/आदेश)
Synonyms: classification, description, moniker, nickname, appellation

6. threat(आशंका/धमकी)
Synonyms: blackmail, hazard, intimidation, menace, peril
Antonyms: certainty, safety, surety

7. defied(चुनौती देना/अवहेलना करना)
Synonyms: confront, disregard, elude, flout, ignore
Antonyms: aid, assist, flatter, help, note

8. mobilization(जुटाव/गतिमान करना)
Synonyms: change, crusade, demonstration, evolution, faction
Antonyms: peace, cessation, halt,. inaction, inactivity

9. involved(लिप्त/फंसा हुआ/मिला हुआ)
Synonyms: confusing, convoluted, elaborate, muddled, ramified
Antonyms: clear, simple, blameless, easy, exonerated

10. achieved(हासिल/उपलब्ध किया हुआ)
Synonyms: accomplish, attain, bring about, carry out, complete
Antonyms: abandon, begin, commence, depart, destroy

11. degraded(अपमानित/तुच्छ)
Synonyms: debased, depraved, vulgarized

12. ensure(सुनिश्चित/पक्का करना)
Synonyms: assure, establish, insure, protect, provide
Antonyms: endanger, harm, hurt, injure, contradict

13. excuses(बहाना/दोष्मुक्त करना)
Synonyms: alibi, apology, justification, pretext, rationalization
Antonyms: permanent

 

 

 

Crdit To The Hindu News Paper

Balakot Air Strikes
Pulwama attack 2019
India must keep up diplomatic pressure on Pakistan to act against terror groups
With India and Pakistan deciding to de-escalate post-Balakot tensions, the focus has moved to the diplomatic sphere. India’s strikes on a target deep inside Pakistan were coupled with diplomatic manoeuvres that ensured no country censured India for the move. And in a turnaround for ties with the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation after half a century, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj was able to put the country’s case before the body, while Pakistan stayed out. In recognition of India’s justification to act against an imminent terror threat from the Jaish-e-Mohammad, the U.S., the U.K. and France also moved in at record speed to bring another listing request against the group’s founder, Masood Azhar, at the UN Security Council’s committee for terror designations. There is a reasonable assumption that China will not block it this time as it did during the last three attempts. There were other outcomes that defied the past. Although Islamabad had spoken in the past of its abilities with “tactical nuclear devices”, there was no such mobilisation after India’s strikes. On the other hand, Pakistan was able to, with its aerial response, also indicate that it was not without non-nuclear options. Finally, indications that the international community was involved in effecting a breakthrough are clear. U.S. President Donald Trump hinted at a breakthrough in talks hours before Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan announced the release of Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman.

The government must, however, also assess what it has actually achieved in strategic terms, and the consequences of the “new normal” it has sought to create with Pakistan. Despite the strikes, it is far from clear that the capabilities of the JeM have been degraded to the point where it can no longer carry out attacks in India. New Delhi must also track the JeM’s assets and abilities within Jammu and Kashmir, as well as any intelligence and security protocol failures that may have preceded the Pulwama attack. Second, while Pakistan announced it would study the dossier given by New Delhi on Azhar and the JeM, it does not appear to be willing to act against either, and has not taken steps akin to the few it had after the 2001 Parliament attack, the 2008 Mumbai attacks or the 2016 Pathankot attack. Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi’s comments practically defending the JeM and putting out excuses of “illness” for Azhar make that clear. It is also necessary to realise the limits of calling international attention to India’s concerns, to ensure that there are no curbs on what India sees as its strategic autonomy. Finally, the government must have a firmer handle on its messaging after the events of the past week, so that a public reading of its strategic purpose is not lost in the claim vs counterclaim spiral with Pakistan.

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