Algeria for change

 

 

 

Algeria for change

President Bouteflika should withdraw his re-election bid
Algerians have been protesting(विरोध कर)against their ailing 82-year-old President, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who is seeking(प्रयास करना/मांग) a fifth term in elections next month. On the last day to file nominations(नामांकन दाखिल), it was announced(घोषणा करना) that the veteran would cut short his rule if he is re-elected(फिर से चुने गए) and initiate(पहल) constitutional(संवैधानिक ) reforms. But such vague(अस्पष्ट/अनिश्चित ) assurances(आश्वासन/प्रतीति) have had little impact(प्रभाव/टक्कर) on the protesters(प्रदर्शनकारियों) in the hydrocarbon-rich nation who are becoming increasingly(तेजी से/वृद्धि से) frustrated(निराश/विफल किया गया) with the lack(कमी) of education(शिक्षा ) and employment(रोजगार ) opportunities(अवसर) . Mr. Bouteflika, credited with restoring(बहाल करना/सुधारना) stability(स्थिरता ) in Algeria after a bloody civil war in the 1990s between Islamist insurgents(विद्रोहियों/बलवाई) and the military, has remained(बने रहे/रहना) a figurehead in recent years. Though he has held the post of President since 1999, ever since he suffered(पीड़ित) a stroke in 2013 he has hardly(मुश्किल से/कठिनाई से) been seen in public. That, however, did not stop him from contesting(संघर्ष करना/प्रतियोगिता में भाग लेना) the 2014 elections, which he won with a thumping(प्रचंड/ज़बरदस्त ) majority(बहुमत) , despite(के बावजूद) being out of action on the campaign(अभियान)trail. But the removal of top-ranking military and intelligence officials in subsequent(आगामी ) years sparked(चमकना/हौसला देना) speculation(चिंतन/अटकलबाज़ी) about who was really in charge. The government’s modus vivendi in the years following the civil war(गृह युद्ध) was to clamp down on dissent(असंतोष ), and hand out generous(प्रचुर/उदार) welfare(कल्याणकारी ) benefits(लाभ). Given the turbulence(अशांति/हंगामा) of the civil war years, the initial stability worked well in a country that had grown wary of change. Persisting (क़ायम रहना/बचना) in that approach enabled the ruling inner(भीतर ) coterie to wield real power on behalf(ओर से।/पक्ष) of the President. The status quo was allowed to persist as the opposition parties failed to rise above their divisions(विभाजन). Algiers even evaded the anti-establishment fervour that had swept(फैलना) several(कई ) northern African countries during(दौरान) the Arab Spring. Now, Algerians are demonstrating a resolve to move on from being seen as dependents(आश्रितों) on the state, to assert their rights as citizens.

Mr. Bouteflika’s latest re-election bid(बोली/आज्ञा देना) is being seen as a cynical(निंदक/रूखा) manoeuvre(पैंतरेबाज़ी/कुशलता) by his inner circle. The voices(स्वर) of opposition(विरोध ) have grown louder, as depleting(व्यय करना/कमज़ोर बनाना) oil revenues render the government’s welfare programmes less sustainable(टिकाऊ/अतिरिक्त) . Moreover(इसके अलावा,) , the ruling National Liberation(मुक्ति/आज़ादी) Front’s contemptuous(तिरस्कारपूर्ण/घृणायुक्त) remarks against(खिलाफ) the clamour(कोलाहल/शोर) for change have incensed(नाराज) the public. Unlike in the past, the security forces have been more muted in their response so far. Thus, the government could well be misreading(ग़लत व्याख्या) the situation if it believes the crisis(संकट) will blow over. The military could be making a mockery(मज़ाक) of the electoral process by insisting on Mr. Bouteflika’s candidacy(उम्मीदवारी), in effect(प्रभाव ) undermining(दुर्बल करना) the highest elected office. It cannot reduce a vibrant(व्यवसायिक/जीवंत ) society to one that is democratic(लोकतांत्रिक) only in name. Mr. Bouteflika, who is reported to be operating from a hospital in Switzerland, should withdraw from the fray. Algeria needs a new beginning(शुरुआत )

 

Important Vocabulary

1. initiate(पहल)
Synonyms: begin, commence, inaugurate, institute, launch
Antonyms: block, cease, close, complete, conclude

2. thumping(प्रचंड/ज़बरदस्त )
Synonyms: bang, beat, blow, clonk, clout

3. generous(प्रचुर/उदार)
Synonyms: acceptable, benevolent, big, charitable, considerate
Antonyms: biased, disagreeable, greedy, inattentive, inconsiderate

4. dissent(असंतोष ),
Synonyms: discord, dissension, disunity, objection, opposition
Antonyms: acceptance, agreement, approval, concurrence, harmony

5. seeking(प्रयास करना/मांग)
Synonyms: searching, hunting, probing, pursuing

6. Persisting (क़ायम रहना/बचना)
Synonyms: continue, endure, go on, linger, persevere
Antonyms: cease, discontinue, give up, go, halt

7. depleting(व्यय करना/कमज़ोर बनाना)
Synonyms: bankrupt, decrease, diminish, drain, empty
Antonyms: develop, enlarge, expand, extend, fill

8. contemptuous(तिरस्कारपूर्ण/घृणायुक्त)
Synonyms: condescending, derisive, disdainful, disrespectful, haughty
Antonyms: flattering, humble, praising, respectful, polite

9. vibrant(व्यवसायिक/जीवंत )
Synonyms: active, dynamic, energetic, lively, spirited
Antonyms: apathetic, dispirited, dull, idle, inactive

10. contemptuous(तिरस्कारपूर्ण/घृणायुक्त)
Synonyms: condescending, derisive, disdainful, disrespectful, haughty
Antonyms: flattering, humble, praising, respectful, polite

11. crisis(संकट)
Synonyms: catastrophe, change, confrontation, crunch, deadlock
Antonyms: agreement, benefit, blessing, breakthroughcalm

12. sparked(चमकना/हौसला देना
Synonyms: kindle,  precipitate, provoke, set off, stimulate
Antonyms: calm, check, discourage, halt, stop

 

 

 

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

President Bouteflika should withdraw his re-election bid
Algerians have been protesting against their ailing 82-year-old President, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who is seeking a fifth term in elections next month. On the last day to file nominations, it was announced that the veteran would cut short his rule if he is re-elected and initiate constitutional reforms. But such vague assurances have had little impact on the protesters in the hydrocarbon-rich nation who are becoming increasingly frustrated with the lack of education and employment opportunities. Mr. Bouteflika, credited with restoring stability in Algeria after a bloody civil war in the 1990s between Islamist insurgents and the military, has remained a figurehead in recent years. Though he has held the post of President since 1999, ever since he suffered a stroke in 2013 he has hardly been seen in public. That, however, did not stop him from contesting the 2014 elections, which he won with a thumping majority, despite being out of action on the campaign trail. But the removal of top-ranking military and intelligence officials in subsequent years sparked speculation about who was really in charge. The government’s modus vivendi in the years following the civil war was to clamp down on dissent, and hand out generous welfare benefits. Given the turbulence of the civil war years, the initial stability worked well in a country that had grown wary of change. Persisting in that approach enabled the ruling inner coterie to wield real power on behalf of the President. The status quo was allowed to persist as the opposition parties failed to rise above their divisions. Algiers even evaded the anti-establishment fervour that had swept several northern African countries during the Arab Spring. Now, Algerians are demonstrating a resolve to move on from being seen as dependents on the state, to assert their rights as citizens.

Mr. Bouteflika’s latest re-election bid is being seen as a cynical manoeuvre by his inner circle. The voices of opposition have grown louder, as depleting oil revenues render the government’s welfare programmes less sustainable. Moreover, the ruling National Liberation Front’s contemptuous remarks against the clamour for change have incensed the public. Unlike in the past, the security forces have been more muted in their response so far. Thus, the government could well be misreading the situation if it believes the crisis will blow over. The military could be making a mockery of the electoral process by insisting on Mr. Bouteflika’s candidacy, in effect undermining the highest elected office. It cannot reduce a vibrant society to one that is democratic only in name. Mr. Bouteflika, who is reported to be operating from a hospital in Switzerland, should withdraw from the fray. Algeria needs a new beginning

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