At a crossroads: On Motor Vehicles Act

 

At a crossroads: On Motor Vehicles Act

India’s transport sector needs reform; changes to the Motor Vehicles Act are a start
India’s Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 has remained in hibernation, unable to meet the needs of a large economy that is witnessing rising(बढ़ती) travel demand(मांग ), fast-paced motorisation, major shifts in technology and deteriorating(बिगड़ना) road safety. The amendments to the Act voted by Parliament seek to address some of these challenges, notably(विशेष रूप से) in forming a National Transportation Policy and a National Road Safety Board, providing(प्रदान करना) for stiffer(कठोर ) for violation (उल्लंघन)of rules, and orderly(व्यवस्थित) operation of new-generation mobility(गतिशीलता ) services that use mobile phone applications. Union Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari has countered the charge that the changes are anti-federal in character — the proposed(प्रस्तावित ) amendments(संशोधन) were reviewed by 18 State Transport Ministers, and the Bill reflects(दर्शाता) the modifications(संशोधनों ) they suggested(सुझाव ). Also, the Rajya Sabha introduced last-minute changes, making concurrence(सहमति) of, rather than consultation(परामर्श ) with States necessary(आवश्यक) when issuing fresh schemes for national, multimodal, and inter-State transport. This new provision(प्रावधान) also includes(शामिल) last mile connectivity, accessibility(पहुँच), mobility as a whole and rural transport. There is a dire(सख्त ) need(जरूरत ) for reform (सुधार)in these areas , and State governments have tended(प्रवृत्ति/राह लेना) to ignore these aspects(पहलुओं ). During the previous NDA government, Mr. Gadkari blamed obstruction by a ‘corrupt’ Regional Transport Office system for the delay in amending the MV Act. An amendment in the Rajya Sabha allows for RTOs to visit dealerships to register( पंजीकृत) vehicles(वाहनों ). This is not much of a change over the practice of dealers taking vehicles to RTO offices. The onus(भार/दायित्व) is on States to show that the purchaser(खरीदार) will not have to pay a bribe( रिश्वत).

Going forward, the Centre must deliver on its promise that the amended Act will help reduce(कम करना) dependence(निर्भरता ) on personal vehicles, and present its National Transport Policy without delay. States must be incentivised(प्रोत्साहित) to provide clean, comfortable(आरामदायक) and affordable(सस्ती ) services(सेवाएं) for all users, including people with disabilities(असमर्थता/विकलांगता) . It is relevant(उचित/प्रासंगिक) to point out that the National Urban Transport Policy of the UPA failed to achieve(प्राप्त/हासिल करना) this. Mr. Gadkari’s emphasis(ज़ोर/अवधारण) is on structural reform and an upgrade to subsidised electric buses for low-cost air-conditioned travel. But State Transport Corporations must adopt modern management practices. New regulation can certainly(निश्चित रूप से) shake up the status quo, facilitating transparent investment by any intending(इच्छुक ) operator and removing(दूर करना) vested(निहित) interests(स्वार्थों/रूचियाँ) , particularly in inter-State and multi-State coach services. But some of the other amendments are less promising(आशाजनक/होनहार). A sharp(तीव्र ) increase(बढ़ोतरी) in fines has little chance of improving(सुधार) safety(सुरक्षा ). Studies show that sustained(निरंतर), zero tolerance enforcement(लागू करना/प्रवर्तन) of even small fines reduces violations, while stringent penalties are either not enforced or lead to more bribery.

Important Vocabulary

1. Deteriorating(बिगड़ना)
Synonyms: crumble, decline, degrade, depreciate, disintegrate
Antonyms: approve, compliment, elevate, grow, improve

2. Consultation(परामर्श
Synonyms: appointment, conference, deliberation, dialogue, discussion

3. Dire(सख्त
Synonyms: acute, critical, desperate, drastic, extreme
Antonyms: calm, mild, unimportant, fortunate, good

4. Concurrence(सहमति)
Synonyms: unanimity, simultaneity, synchronicity, synchronicity

5. Accessibility(पहुँच),
Synonyms: convenience, openness, receptiveness
Antonyms: unapproachable

6. Bribe( रिश्वत).
Synonyms: blackmail, compensation, gift, graft, gratuity
Antonyms: hindrance, loss, penalty

7. Onus(भार/दायित्व)
Synonyms: blame, blot, blur, brand, charge
Antonyms: advantage, benefit, blank, blessing, exculpation

8. Reduce(कम करना)
Synonyms: curtail, cut, cut down, diminish, dwindle
Antonyms: compliment, develop, enlarge, expand, extend

9. Vested(निहित)
Synonyms: dressed, robed

10.Emphasis(ज़ोर/अवधारण)
Synonyms: attention, insistence, intensity, priority, significance
Antonyms: ignorance, lethargy, triviality, unimportant, incompetence

11. Promising(आशाजनक/होनहार).
Synonyms: auspicious, bright, encouraging, gifted, talented
Antonyms: dull, unhappy, unintelligent, hopeless, unpromising

12. Affordable(सस्ती
Synonyms: cheap, economical, fair, low-cost, modest
Antonyms: costly, expensive, pricey, affordable, exorbitant

13. aspects(पहलुओं
Synonyms: attitude, condition, facet, form, air
Antonyms: whole

14. Mobility(गतिशीलता
Synonyms: flexibility, maneuverability, motility, portability


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