Deliberate, don’t disrupt: On Budget session



Deliberate, don’t disrupt: On Budget session

Parliament proceedings
Legislators could do well by adhering to a model code of conduct
One of the most unedifying (अप्रत्याशित )sights(जगहें) in public life is lawmakers(सांसदों/व्यवस्थापक) taking to organised disruption(भंग /विघटन) of legislative business. Such displays became common in Parliament in the past decade as political parties and legislators(विधायकों) demonstratively(प्रदर्शनकारी ) advertised (विज्ञापित)their points of view without recourse(सहारा) to debate(बहस ). A number of crucial(महत्वपूर्ण./निर्णायक) bills have taken an inordinate(असामान्य/अत्यधिक) time to be enacted (अधिनियमित )due to disruption while others were not enacted despite(बावजूद) a broad(व्यापक ) consensus(सहमति) — such as the Women’s Reservation Bill — due to the behaviour of a few naysayers. Many sessions of Parliament in the recent past saw little business being done due to repeated disruption. In this context(संदर्भ), Vice President Venkaiah Naidu’s exhortation (प्रोत्साहन/आग्रह) to political parties to incorporate a model code of conduct(आचरण) for their legislators in State Assemblies and in Parliament is welcome. He suggested (सुझाव दिया)that the code should include( शामिल) stipulations(शर्तों/नियम) on members not entering the well of the House, and desisting(बचाव) from sloganeering(नारेबाजी ) and unruly(अनियंत्रित ) acts. If indeed parties adopt a code, it will go a long way in making parliamentary work meaningful. Otherwise, the general public will lose interest in the procedural(प्रक्रियागत ) aspects(पहलू) of parliamentary democracy and limit their participation(भागीदारी) to just voting in the elections.

But the absence(अभाव) of disruption(व्यवधान ) alone does not make for meaningful(सार्थक ) debate(बहस). The current Budget session sailed through with minimal(न्यूनतम ) disruption. Yet the high productivity(उत्पादकता ) during(दौरान) the session came without sufficient(पर्याप्त ) deliberation(विचार-विमर्श) over crucial bills, several(कई) of which were rushed through without vetting by parliamentary standing and select committees. These committees have in the past been useful in expanding(विस्तार) discussion (चर्चा )over laws with civil society and experts from various streams of the larger society. They have also facilitated(सुविधा ) an enhanced(बढ़ाई) cross-party coordination(समन्वय) over issues. By not sending a single Bill among the 28 that were introduced and passed to a standing or select committee for scrutiny(छानबीन), the current session accentuated the trend that has minimised the importance of such committees over the last few years. Unlike the 15th Lok Sabha (2009-2014), when 71% of the bills were referred(संदर्भित ) to such committees, in the 16th Lok Sabha, they constituted(गठित) only a fourth of the overall number of bills. Time spent on debates in the current session in both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha was barely a third of the overall business. This does not augur well for lawmaking. As Mr. Naidu has also pointed out correctly, deliberation(विचार-विमर्श) is an important component(अंग) of parliamentary democracy apart from legislation and accountability(जवाबदेही) of lawmakers. All three aspects must cohere(अनुकूल होना) for a thoroughgoing procedural democracy.

Important Vocabulary

1. Deliberation(विचार-विमर्श
Synonyms: conference, consideration, consultation, debate, speculation
Antonyms: carelessness, disregard, heedlessness, ignorance, imprudence

Synonyms: disproportionate, dizzying, exorbitant, irrational, unconscionable
Antonyms: cheap, logical, low, moderate, reasonable

3. Disruption(भंग /विघटन
Synonyms: interruption, break, separation, severance, splitting

4. Recourse(सहारा)
Synonyms: remedy, aid, appeal, choice, expediency
Antonyms: blockage, hindrance, injury, obstruction, permanent

5. Suggested (सुझाव दिया
Synonyms: advised, implied, proposed, recommended, advanced

6. Consensus(सहमति)
Synonyms: accord, consent, harmony, unanimity, unity
Antonyms: denial, disagreement, dissension, opposition, refusal

7. Inordinate(असामान्य/अत्यधिक)
Synonyms: disproportionate, dizzying, exorbitant, irrational, unconscionable
Antonyms: cheap, logical, low, moderate, reasonable

8. Desisting(बचाव)
Synonyms: abstain, cease, relinquish, abandon, avoid
Antonyms: carry on, complete, continue, finish, persist

9. Aspects(पहलू
Synonyms: attitude, condition, facet, form, air
Antonyms: whole

Synonyms: AWOL, absenteeism, cut, hooky, nonappearance
Antonyms: abundance, enough, existence, plenty, presence

11. Debate(बहस
Synonyms: argument, contest, controversy, deliberation, dispute
Antonyms: agreement, peace, quiet, harmony

12. Enhanced(बढ़ाई)
Synonyms: add to, appreciate, augment, boost, build up
Antonyms: decrease, diminish, discourage, hurt, lessen

13. Scrutiny(छानबीन
Synonyms: analysis, audit, inquiry, inspection, investigation.


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