Trump calls: On Kashmir

Trump calls: On Kashmir

While India opposes third party mediation, it can expect U.S. pressure on Pakistan
The United States views Jammu and Kashmir as a nuclear flashpoint, considering(विचार करना) the capabilities(क्षमताओं ) of India and Pakistan, and this is a rare(दुर्लभ ) point of agreement between U.S. President Donald Trump and the country’s professional(पेशेवर ) strategists(रणनीतिकार). He conveyed(बताया/अवगत करा) the importance of reducing(कमी) tensions(तनाव ) and maintaining(रखरखाव) peace(शांति/अमन) to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan. He also urged(आग्रह किया) Mr. Khan to “moderate rhetoric(बयानबाजी) with India”, echoing(गूंज/प्रतिध्वनियन) India’s sentiments(भावनाएँ). He had spoken to Mr. Khan last week too, as relations between the neighbours took a turn for the worse(बदतर ) after India’s decision to revoke( रद्द करना/हटाना) the special status of J&K on August 5. Under Mr. Modi, India has revised(संशोधित) its long-held policy on J&K and ruled out any role for Pakistan in New Delhi’s ties with the troubled(तंग/परेशान ) region, while reiterating( दोहराते हुए) its claim(दावा ) over Pakistan occupied(अधिकृत ) territory(क्षेत्र). Pakistan’s ruling establishment(स्थापना) has flourished(सफल होना /विकास पाना) by using Kashmir as a trope of Islamic nationalism, even as its society sank(डूब गया।) in radicalim(कट्टरपंथ/मूलसिद्धांत ) and violence(हिंसा ). With Islamabad crying itself hoarse over the sudden turnaround in India’s posture and considering the history of conflicts(टकराव) between the two countries, the U.S. — even under an isolationist President — could not have looked the other way.

Mr. Trump’s anxiety about India-Pakistan tensions is also linked to his desperation(मायूसी/मायूसी) to disentangle(सुलझाना/खोलना) the U.S. from the conflict(संघर्ष/झगड़ा) in Afghanistan — now in its 18th year — before his reelection bid in 2020. In the jihadi world view, Kashmir and Afghanistan are two fronts of the same war, and the Pakistani state has conveniently(आसानी से/सुविधा ) peddled this idea for long. The U.S. is no longer swayed by Pakistan’s argument(तर्क) that the ‘road to peace in Afghanistan runs through Kashmir’, but it is certainly(निश्चित रूप से) conscious(सचेत/ जागरूक)of Islamabad’s proclivity(झुकाव/प्रवृत्ति) to mischief, most evidently(ज़रूर/निस्संदेह) by supporting terror groups launched into Afghanistan and Kashmir. India has always resisted(विरोध किया,), rightly, any linkage between Afghanistan and Kashmir but it cannot be dismissive(खारिज) of the implications(निहितार्थ ) of the U.S’s inevitable(अनिवार्य ) withdrawal from Afghanistan. The U.S. has gradually but decisively tilted in favour of India on a range of regional strategic questions in recent years, but its search for an Afghan escae(निकास/पलायन) route forces it to keep Islamabad in good humour(भाव). While Mr. Trump and his administration have been largely sympathetic(सहानुभूति ) to India’s latest move on J&K, his tweet on Monday projected (अनुमान/प्रक्षेपित)parity(समानता) between Mr. Modi and Mr. Khan by terming them “my two good friends.” While India opposes (विरोध )any third party mediation(मध्यस्थता ), it expects(आशा करना/उम्मीद) the U.S. to keep Pakistan on a tight leash. India’s position that Kashmir is strictly(सख्ती ) an “internal matter(आंतरिक मामले) can be reinforced(मजबूत /प्रबलित) only by holding its citizens close and reassured(आश्वस्त ). New Delhi’s dealings with J&K must be becoming of the “world’s largest democracy(दुनिया का सबसे बड़ा लोकतंत्र).

Important Vocabulary

1. Argument(तर्क)
Synonyms: altercation, bickering, brawl, clash, controversy
Antonyms: agreement, harmony, peace, calm

2. Conveyed(बताया/अवगत करा)
Synonyms: bring, send, transfer, transmit, back
Antonyms: receive, take, deny, discourage, dissuade

3. Capabilities(क्षमताओं
Synonyms: capacity, competence, effectiveness, efficiency, facility
Antonyms: impotence, inability, incapability, incapacity, incompetence

4. Claim(दावा
Synonyms: allegation, application, assertion, call, case
Antonyms: answer, reply, denial, honesty, truth

5. Conveniently(आसानी से/सुविधा
Synonyms: cleverly, easily, smoothly, intelligently

6. Conscious(सचेत/ जागरूक)
Synonyms: attentive, aware, certain, cognizant, informed
Antonyms: careless, doubtful, dubious, heedless, ignorant

7. Conflict(संघर्ष/झगड़ा)
Synonyms: battle, clash, combat, competition, rivalry
Antonyms: peace, truce, agreement, calm, harmony

8. Desperation(मायूसी/मायूसी)
Synonyms: agony, anguish, anxiety, desolation, despair
Antonyms: cheer, comfort, contentment, delight, ease

9. Disentangle(सुलझाना/खोलना
Synonyms: detach, disengage, emancipate, extricate, unravel
Antonyms: attach, connect, tangle, tie, unite

10. Flourished(सफल होना /विकास पाना)
Synonyms: bloom, blossom, boom, develop, do well
Antonyms: decrease, fail, lessen, lose, shrink

11. Occupied(अधिकृत )
Synonyms: employed, engaged, engrossed, working, active
Antonyms: unoccupied, empty, free, idle, inactive

12. Parity(समानता)
Synonyms: consistency, uniformity, unity, affinity, agreement

13. Proclivity(झुकाव/प्रवृत्ति)
Synonyms: penchant, predilection,  predisposition, propensity, bent
Antonyms: antipathy, disinclination, dislike, hate

14. Revoke( रद्द करना/हटाना
Synonyms: abolish, abrogate, annul, deny, dismantle
Antonyms:affirm, allow, approve, corroborate, enact

15. Resisted(विरोध किया,
Synonyms: abide, combat, confront, continue, curb

16. sank(डूब गया।
Synonyms: capsize, decline, descend, dig, dip
Antonyms: ascend, go up, increase, raise, rise

17. Strictly(सख्ती
Synonyms: closely, rigorously, stringently, factually

18. Troubled(तंग/परेशान
Synonyms: agitated, anxious, bothered, concerned, confused
Antonyms: calm, certain, comforted, content, happy

19.Violence(हिंसा )
Synonyms: assault, attack, bloodshed, brutality, clash
Antonyms: calm, health, kindness, method, niceness.

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