Message delivered: On Biarritz G7 Summit

Message delivered: On Biarritz G7 Summit

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Not everything went right at the G7 summit, but PM Modi got the ear of President Trump
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s twin missions as a special invitee to the G7 summit in France over the weekend was to address the world’s seven most advanced(उन्नत ) economies(अर्थव्यवस्थाएं) on Climate(जलवायु ) Change(परिवर्तन) and Digital Transformation, but it was his meeting with U.S. President Donald Trump that wound up taking “centre-stage(अहम् स्थान). Mr. Modi took the initiative(पहल) to clear the air about Jammu and Kashmir. This was necessitated(जरूरी/मजबूर करना) by the repeated references that Mr. Trump has made about U.S. mediation(मध्यस्थता) between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, as well as a briefing by a senior administration(प्रशासन) official last week, who said that Mr. Trump would “want to hear from Prime Minister Modi on how he plans to reduce(कम करें) regional(क्षेत्रीय ) tensions(तनाव ) and uphold(कायम रखना) respect for human rights in Kashmir”. Both U.S. statements run counter to the Indian position that the withdrawal of special status to J&K under the Constitution(संविधान ) is an “internal matter”, and the issue of Kashmir will be resolved(विचार/हल किया ) bilaterally(द्विपक्षीय रूप से) with Pakistan. In the event, Mr. Modi appeared(दिखाई दिया/निर्गत) to have driven the message home, and Mr. Trump backed away from both statements. The two leaders also appeared to have made some headway on deadlocked(गतिरोध) trade(व्यापार ) talks(वार्ता) between India and the U.S., and have decided that their trade(व्यापार ) representatives(प्रतिनिधि), USTR Robert Lighthizer and Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal, will meet ahead of the Modi visit to the U.S. in September.

The interaction(बातचीत/परस्पर प्रभाव डालना) between Mr. Modi and Mr. Trump appeared to be in line with the broader themes that characterised(विशेषता ) this year’s G7 summit, where bilateral meetings appeared a little more successful than the multilateral(बहुपक्षीय ) meeting(बैठक) itself. As host, French President Emmanuel Macron decided to invite( आमंत्रित ) Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif, but the other G7 members rejected(खारिज कर दिया) any suggestion(सुझाव ) to include(शामिल) him in their conclave(सम्मेलन ) to discuss(चर्चा ) the future of the JCPOA nuclear deal. Mr. Trump’s push to invite Russia back into the club (it was called the G-8 until Russia was suspended in 2014), which represents more than half the world’s wealth also came a cropper (गिरावट)as the other members did not agree to Russian President Putin’s re-entry(पुन: प्रवेश). As one of nine special guests(मेहमानों) invited to address various(विभिन्न ) sessions(सत्र), Mr. Modi spoke on how India is keeping(बनाए रखना) its climate change commitments(प्रतिबद्धताओं/सौंपना), but it was a session where Mr. Trump, whose presence was vital(महत्वपूर्ण ) given the U.S.’s walkout(बाहर जाना/.विरोध-हड़ताल) from the Paris accord(समझौते), didn’t make an appearance. G7 members also discussed(चर्चा की) the Amazon fire crisis(संकट) and pledged (वादा किया गया/आश्वस्त)over $20 million to Brazil, but were rebuffed(अस्वीकार कर दिया/ फटकार लगाई) after a spat broke out between Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro and Mr. Macron. It came as no surprise that the summit ended as it did: for the first time in the grouping’s 44-year old history, there was no joint(संयुक्त ) communiqué(सांप्रदायिकता).

Important Vocabulary

1. Advanced(उन्नत )
Synonyms: leading, progressive, state-of-the-art, forward, avant-garde
Antonyms: after, behind

2. Accord(समझौते)
Synonyms: deal, pact, reconciliation, accordance, concert
Antonyms: disagreement, difference, discord, disunity, refusal

3. Appeared(दिखाई दिया/निर्गत)
Synonyms: arose, came

4. Conclave(सम्मेलन
Synonyms: confab, powwow assembly, cabinet, conference

5. Communique(सांप्रदायिकता).
Synonyms: directive, information, letter, memo, memorandum
Antonyms: heedlessness, ignorance, neglect, silence

6. Deadlocked(गतिरोध
Synonyms: frozen, immobile, inert, lifeless, paralyzed
Antonyms: alive lively, mobile, moving, unfixed

7.Pledged (वादा किया गया/आश्वस्त
Synonyms: guaranteed, promised, enforced, obligated, obliged

8. Initiative(पहल)
Synonyms: action, drive, leadership, push, ambition

9. Interaction(बातचीत/परस्पर प्रभाव डालना)
Synonyms: communication, cooperation, synergy, intercommunication, reciprocal action

10. Representatives(प्रतिनिधि)
Synonyms: agent, commissioner, counselor, delegate, deputy
Antonyms:: atypical

11. Rebuffed(अस्वीकार कर दिया/ फटकार लगाई
Synonyms: chide, deny, dismiss, fend off
Antonyms: OK, accept, acknowledge, admit, allow

12. Various(विभिन्न )
Synonyms: assorted, different, discrete, disparate, distinct
Antonyms: alike, combined, connected, joined, like

13. Vital(महत्वपूर्ण )
Synonyms: basic, critical, crucial, decisive, fundamental
Antonyms: additional, extra, inessential, insignificant, meaningless.


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