Law and opinion: On validity of Article 370 abrogation


Law and opinion: On validity of Article 370 abrogation

The apex court should decide on Kashmir without being swayed by popular mood
The Supreme Court’s decision to form a five-member “Constitution Bench”(संविधान पीठ) to examine(जांच करें) the validity of the abrogation(निरस्त /निराकरण) of the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir puts an end to apprehensions(आशंकाओं/शक) that its response to the Centre’s legal(कानूनी ) measures(उपाय) since August 5 will only be one of quiet(शांत ) acquiescence(रज़ामंदी/चुपचाप स्वीकृति). The court appeared reluctant(अनिच्छुक/असन्तुष्ट ) to intervene(हस्तक्षेप ) in the immediate(तुरंत ) aftermath(बाद) of the decisions when the restrictions(प्रतिबंध) imposed(लगाए गए) on political(राजनीतिक ) activity(गतिविधि), communications(संचार) and movement(चाल/आंदोलन) of the people were challenged. Instead(बजाय), it chose to give enough(काफी ) time to the Centre to stabilise(स्थिर बनाना) the situation(स्थिति ). It seemed to afford(कर सकना/जुटाना) wide latitude(अक्षांश) to the executive(कार्यकारी ) to decide the extent(क्षेत्र/सीमा) to which fundamental rights, including the freedom of the media, would be restricted in the name of achieving(प्राप्त करना) greater integration(एकीकरण) of Jammu and Kashmir with India and preparing(तैयार करना ) for its development(विकास/उन्नति). In some “habeas corpus”(बन्दी प्रत्यक्षीकरण) matters(मामलों ), the court is yet to examine the legality of the detention(नजरबंदी ) of the persons concerned(चिंतित). True relief in such cases lies in ascertaining(पता लगाने) the whereabouts(ठिकाने ) of a detenu and determining(निर्धारित ) the lawfulness(कानून) of the detention, but in a couple of matters, the court has only “allowed” the petitioners(याचिकाकर्ताओं ) to travel to Kashmir and meet the detenus. Lawyers and activists have begun drawing parallels(समानताएं) with the court’s infamous(बदनाम/कुख्यात) approbation of the suspension(स्थगन/निलंबन) of the writ of “habeas corpus(बंदी प्रत्यक्षीकरण) during(दौरान) the Emergency in the ADM Jabalpur case.

The petitions before the court cite many grounds for challenging the President’s August 5 Order, by which the Order of 1954, which set out the constitutional provisions(प्रावधान) applicable(लागू किया गया) to J&K, was superseded(हटा देना/निकाल फेंकना). A substantial question is on the validity of the substitution of the concurrence(सहमति ) of the Governor for that of the government while under President’s Rule; in effect, the Centre is taking its own consent to alter the status of the State. The replacement of the term ‘Constituent Assembly’ (of J&K) found in Article 370 with the term ‘Legislative Assembly’ is also under challenge. Another question that looms(निर्माणाधीन होना/पैरवी करना large is whether a federal unit can be downgraded from the status of a State to that of a Union Territory, a move for which there is no precedent(मिसाल/पूर्व उदाहरण). The constitutional morality(नैतिकता) of the rest of the country deciding the destiny of a State without the consent(सहमति ) or participation(भागीदारी) of its citizens is also a serious issue the court cannot ignore. It does appear that there is widespread popular support for the government’s decision to declare Article 370 inoperative and to divide the State into two “Union Territories”(केंद्र शासित प्रदेश). Yet, the court is duty-bound to examine the legality of the measures taken by the President and Parliament on August 5 and 6. The challenge before the court is to give a reasoned(तर्कपूर्ण ) verdict(फैसला ) on these questions of constitutional importance, with far-reaching implications(उलझाव/निहितार्थ) for democracy(लोकतंत्र) and federalism(संघवाद), without being swayed by the popular mood in J&K or the rest of India.

Important Vocabulary

1. Apprehensions(आशंकाओं/शक)
Synonyms:alarm, disquiet, doubt, dread, foreboding
Antonyms: belief, calm, calmness, certainty, confidence

2. Acquiescence(रज़ामंदी/चुपचाप स्वीकृति)
Synonyms: acceptance, assent, concurrence, consent, obedience
Antonyms: disagreement, dissent, refusal, denial, fight

3. Abrogation(निरस्त /निराकरण)
Synonyms: annulment, repudiation, discontinuation, ending,invalidation

4. Afford(कर सकना/जुटाना)
Synonyms: allow, manage, bear, incur, spare
Antonyms: refuse, reject, take away

5. Ascertaining(पता लगाने)
Synonyms: confirm, determine, divine, double-check, find out
Antonyms: disprove, invalidate, aid, assist, confuse

6. Concurrence(सहमति
Synonyms: unanimity, simultaneity, synchronicity, synchronicity

7. Infamous(बदनाम/कुख्यात)
Synonyms: disgraceful, egregious, hateful, heinous, ignominious
Antonyms: friendly, gentle, good, kind, little

8. Implications(उलझाव/निहितार्थ
Synonyms: conclusion, connotation, indication, meaning, overtone
Antonyms: measurement, proof, reality, truth

9. Looms(निर्माणाधीन होना/पैरवी करना
Synonyms: brew, come on, dominate, emerge, hover
Antonyms: decline, fall, leave, abandon, descend

10. Parallels(समानताएं
Synonyms: analogy, comparison, corollary, resemblance, similarity
Antonyms: difference, dissimilarity, unlikeness, divergence, opposite

11. Precedent(मिसाल/पूर्व उदाहरण).
Synonyms: criterion, antecedent, authority, exemplar, instance

12. Provisions(प्रावधान)
Synonyms:board, chow, fare, feed, fodder

13. Reluctant(अनिच्छुक/असन्तुष्ट )
Synonyms: afraid, averse, cautious, circumspect, hesitant
Antonyms: bold, careless, certain, confident, definite

14. Restrictions(प्रतिबंध)
Synonyms:check, condition, constraint, control, curb
Antonyms: allowance, liberation, permission, advantage, freedom

15. superseded(हटा देना/निकाल फेंकना).
Synonyms: antiquated, outmoded, archaic, obsolete, old
Antonyms: modern, new.


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