Dangerous vacuum: On detention of J&K leaders

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Dangerous vacuum: On detention of J&K leaders

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Article 370
If mainstream politicians are discredited in J&K, the space will be filled by secessionists
The detention(नजरबंदी/हिरासत में लिया) of National Conference leader Farooq Abdullah under the Public(सार्वजनिक ) Safety(सुरक्षा ) Act(अधिनियम) on Monday marks a new, dangerous low in the overreach of state power to curtail(अंकुश) liberty(स्वतंत्रता ) in Kashmir. The 81-year old leader has been thrice(तीन बार) Chief Minister, Union Minister and five times Member of Parliament. He is currently MP from Srinagar. His father and National Conference(सम्मेलन ) founder(संस्थापक), Sheikh Abdullah, led Kashmir’s Muslim population(आबादी) in rejecting(अस्वीकार ) the two-nation theory(सिद्धांत) that led to Partition(विभाजन ) and the formation of Pakistan in 1947. And his son, Omar Abdullah, former Chief Minister and Union Minister, is also under detention since August 5, when the Centre abrogated(निरस्त) Article 370 through a controversial(विवादास्पद ) process(प्रक्रिया), ended J&K’s relative(के बारे में /आपेक्षिक) autonomy(स्वत्व अधिकार) and is reorganising(पुनर्गठित करना) it into two “Union Territories”(केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों). While the BJP and the Centre have claimed massive(बड़े पैमाने पर) public support for these moves, the Kashmir Valley has been in shutdown since then. Despite(बावजूद) his declining(घटने ) popularity(लोकप्रियता) in the Valley, Farooq Abdullah continued to argue(तर्क ) that Kashmir’s destiny(भाग्य/नियति) was with secular(धर्मनिरपेक्ष ), pluralist India. To treat him as a threat(खतरे /आशंका) to public safety is a travesty of justice and an assault(हमला) on “democratic principles”(लोकतांत्रिक सिद्धांतों.

The manner(तरीके ) in which he was detained(हिरासत में लिया/नजरबंद) smacks of complete disregard for the rule of law and accountability(जवाबदेही). His detention, for 12 days, was announced hours before the Supreme Court was to consider(विचार) MDMK chief Vaiko’s plea seeking(मांग/प्रयास करना) a directive(निर्देश ) that Mr. Abdullah be produced before it. In Parliament last month, Home Minister Amit Shah had said the NC leader was not in detention but was staying at home on his own volition(इच्छा). The detention has now been legalised(वैध) under(तहत ) a stringent(कड़े) law(कानून) that allows limited remedies and could be extended to as long as two years. The moves to silence and humiliate Kashmir’s senior-most politician betrays(प्रकट करना/धोखा देता है) a dangerous tactic(रणनीति) of marginalising(दरकिनार) the moderate(उदारवादी), mainstream(मुख्यधारा ) politicians. Almost all Kashmir’s political leaders are in jail, including former Chief Minister and PDP leader Mehbooba Mufti and the IAS officer-turned-politician Shah Faesal. They have kept the political process alive(जीवित ) in Kashmir against all odds, and despite threats(धमकियों ) even as some sections of the population remained aloof or hostile(दुश्मनी) to India. The argument that Kashmiri politicians used the State’s special status to shield their corruption and nepotism is disingenuous, as these problems are endemic to Indian politics. The amorality(अनैतिकता of the government’s treatment of pro-India forces is certainly(निश्चित रूप से) dispiriting(विवाद), but dangerous is the vacuum(शून्य स्थान) this is creating(बनाना). The void will be filled only by forces inimical(हानिकार/विरोधी) to India, if the government removes politicians from public spaces by wrongly labelling them anti-India.

Important Vocabulary

1. Assault(हमला)
Synonyms: aggression, charge, incursion, invasion, offensive
Antonyms: retreat

2. Abrogated(निरस्त)
Synonyms: abolish, annul, invalidate, nullify, quash
Antonyms: approve, enact, pass, permit, sanction

3. Betrays(प्रकट करना/धोखा देता है
Synonyms: abandon, deceive, forsake, mislead, seduce
Antonyms: aid, assist, help, stay, be faithful

4. Curtail(अंकुश
Synonyms: cut back, decrease, diminish, downsize, halt
Antonyms: develop, enlarge, expand, extend, grow

5. Detention(नजरबंदी/हिरासत में लिया)
Synonyms: arrest, custody, delay, incarceration, internment
Antonyms: aid, assistance, help, freedom, liberation

6. Destiny(भाग्य/नियति)
Synonyms: circumstance, future, inevitability, intention, objective
Antonyms: concept, continuity, misfortune, theory, whole

7. Inimical(हानिकार/विरोधी
Synonyms: adverse, destructive, harmful, hostile, injurious

8. Liberty(स्वतंत्रता
Synonyms: autarchy, authorization, autonomy, birthright, choice
Antonyms: denial, dependence, hold, prohibition. refusal

9. Rejecting(अस्वीकार
Synonyms:deny, dismiss, rebuff, refuse, renounce
Antonyms: OK, accept, admit, agree, allow

10. Stringent(कड़े)
Synonyms: binding, demanding, draconian, exacting, forceful
Antonyms: amenable, calm, easy, easy-going, facile

11. Tactic(रणनीति)
Synonyms: ploy, gambit, stratagem

12. Threats(धमकियों
Synonyms: blackmail, hazard, intimidation, menace, peril
Antonyms: certainty, safety, surety

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

The detention of National Conference leader Farooq Abdullah under the Public Safety Act on Monday marks a new, dangerous low in the overreach of state power to curtail liberty in Kashmir. The 81-year old leader has been thrice Chief Minister, Union Minister and five times Member of Parliament. He is currently MP from Srinagar. His father and National Conference founder, Sheikh Abdullah, led Kashmir’s Muslim population in rejecting the two-nation theory that led to Partition and the formation of Pakistan in 1947. And his son, Omar Abdullah, former Chief Minister and Union Minister, is also under detention since August 5, when the Centre abrogated Article 370 through a controversial process, ended J&K’s relative autonomy and is reorganising it into two Union Territories. While the BJP and the Centre have claimed massive public support for these moves, the Kashmir Valley has been in shutdown since then. Despite his declining popularity in the Valley, Farooq Abdullah continued to argue that Kashmir’s destiny was with secular, pluralist India. To treat him as a threat to public safety is a travesty of justice and an assault on democratic principles.

The manner in which he was detained smacks of complete disregard for the rule of law and accountability. His detention, for 12 days, was announced hours before the Supreme Court was to consider MDMK chief Vaiko’s plea seeking a directive that Mr. Abdullah be produced before it. In Parliament last month, Home Minister Amit Shah had said the NC leader was not in detention but was staying at home on his own volition. The detention has now been legalised under a stringent law that allows limited remedies and could be extended to as long as two years. The moves to silence and humiliate Kashmir’s senior-most politician betrays a dangerous tactic of marginalising the moderate, mainstream politicians. Almost all Kashmir’s political leaders are in jail, including former Chief Minister and PDP leader Mehbooba Mufti and the IAS officer-turned-politician Shah Faesal. They have kept the political process alive in Kashmir against all odds, and despite threats even as some sections of the population remained aloof or hostile to India. The argument that Kashmiri politicians used the State’s special status to shield their corruption and nepotism is disingenuous, as these problems are endemic to Indian politics. The amorality of the government’s treatment of pro-India forces is certainly dispiriting, but dangerous is the vacuum this is creating. The void will be filled only by forces inimical to India, if the government removes politicians from public spaces by wrongly labelling them anti-India.


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