Advantage BJP: On Maharashtra Assembly polls

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Advantage BJP: On Maharashtra Assembly polls

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Bharatiya Janata Party
Nationalist Congress Party
Indian National Congress
In Maharashtra, as the opposition is stuck in the past, the ruling party is promising change
As campaigning(अभियान ) gains(प्रचार /वृद्धि) momentum(गति ) in Maharashtra for the Assembly election on October 21, the ruling BJP has reinforced(मजबूती/प्रबलित) itself and disoriented(गुमराह करना/भटका दिया) the opposition(विपक्ष). With this election, the slow changes in Maharashtra politics over the last five years have taken shape. Devendra Fadnavis is the first non-Congress Chief Minister in the State to complete a five-year tenure(कार्यकाल). He has decimated(तबाह करना) internal party rivals (प्रतिद्वंद्वी)and forced ally(सहयोगी ) Shiv Sena to accept a subordinate(अधीनस्थ ) status(दर्जा ). The BJP unilaterally(एकतरफा) announced 164 seats for itself out of the total 288 and the Sena, which used to get the lion’s share of Assembly seats and the CM’s post, meekly accepted the situation(स्थिति ). This supremacy (वर्चस्व/प्रभुत्व )of the BJP is partly due to national factors(कारक), but the fact that the party’s Hindutva nationalist politics has trumped the Sena’s regional agenda is itself noteworthy(उल्लेखनीय). The Thackerays at the helm of the Sena used to control power in the State without contesting elections, but this time, one of them is personally(व्यक्तिगत रूप) in the fray( मैदान में/ लड़ाई) , in yet another sign of the changed times. The BJP augmented(बढ़ाना/बढ़ती करना) itself with a cocktail of social and administrative measures(उपाय) over the last five years. It weakened the Maratha power network but also offered(पेशकश ) the community(समुदाय ) reservation(आरक्षण). Massive(बड़े पैमाने पर) protests (विरोध प्रदर्शन)by run down farmers was met with a loan(ऋण ) waiver(माफी ) scheme(योजना). The Bhima Koregaon incident of 2018 in which a Dalit gathering(सभा) was attacked by a violent(हिंसक ) group was followed by an extensive(व्यापक ) crackdown(दरार) on social activists(कार्यकर्ता) and Dalits by the State police. The BJP’s social engineering meanwhile roped in OBCs to its fold.

Ruthless(निर्मम/क्रूर) efficiency(क्षमता/कार्यक्षमता) remains the hallmark of the BJP, while the NCP-Congress combine is battling(जूझते हुए) internal dissent(असंतोष ), organisational(संगठनात्मक ) disintegration(विघटन) and an unfavorable(प्रतिकूल ) social climate(आबहवा/जलवायु). Several coalition leaders crossed over to the other side. NCP chieftain Sharad Pawar is himself the target of an ED inquiry. Former Mumbai Congress chief Sanjay Nirupam is unhappy that his supporters have been ignored in ticket selection and will not campaign for the party. Dynastic(वंशवादी ) politics appears(प्रतीत ) to be the comfort(आराम ) zone(क्षेत्र ) of an opposition in retreat(पीछे हटना।/स्थान छोड़ना) . Children of several leaders are in the fray, and among the new entrants(शामिल होनेवाला/आगंतुक) is Rohit Pawar, the grand-nephew of the patriarch. The NCP-Congress manifesto(घोषणापत्र) is a combination of nativist slogans such as reserved employment for the local population and addresses broader issues regarding agricultural crisis(संकट) and environment. Grand intentions(इरादे) of the alliance(गठबंधन ) are hardly inspiring(प्रेरक) because of the popular apathy towards dynastic politics and the elites who stand rightly accused(आरोप लगाया) of rigging(धांधली/हेराफेरी ) the social and economic order to their benefit. The Congress-NCP combine is deeply entangled(उलझा हुआ) in the State’s cooperative and sugar sectors, which was once a source(स्रोत) of strength(शक्ति ) but is currently a millstone around its neck. Maharashtra is the perfect stage for an ascendant(प्रबल) BJP that is promising to bring down the old order.

 

Important Vocabulary

1. Ascendant(प्रबल
Synonyms: antecedent, ascendent, father, forbear

2. Augmented(बढ़ाना/बढ़ती
Synonyms: add to, amplify, boost, build up, develop
Antonyms: abridge, compress, condense, contract, curtail

3. Accused(आरोप लगाया)
Synonyms: arraigned, implicated, incriminated, indicted, charged with
Antonyms: acquitted, clear, discharged

4. Battling(जूझते हुए)
Synonyms: argue, clamor, contend, feud, strive
Antonyms: agree, make peace

5. Crisis(संकट)
Synonyms: catastrophe, change, confrontation, crunch, deadlock
Antonyms: agreement, benefit, blessing, breakthrough, calm

6. Disoriented(गुमराह करना/भटका दिया)
Synonyms: adrift, astray, bewildered, lost, perplexed,
Antonyms: balanced, oriented, settled, understanding, unpuzzled

7. Decimated(तबाह करना)
Synonyms: annihilate, exterminate, , obliterate, slaughter, wipe out
Antonyms: bear, build, create

8. Disintegration(विघटन)
Synonyms: dissolution, fragmentation, decentralization, demoralization, putrefaction

9. Entangled(उलझा हुआ
Synonyms: complicate, confuse, embarrass, embroil, enmesh
Antonyms: clarify, clear up, disentangle, enlighten, exclude

10. Gains(प्रचार /वृद्धि)
Synonyms: achieve, advance, attain, benefit, boost
Antonyms: decline, decrease, demote, depart, destroy

11. Measures(उपाय)
Synonyms: adjust, assess, average, calibrate, check
Antonyms: disorder, disorganize, guess, ignore, neglect

12. Massive(बड़े पैमाने पर
Synonyms: big, colossal, enormous, extensive, gargantuan
Antonyms: common, dwarfed, inconsequential, insignificant, limited

13. Ruthless(निर्मम/क्रूर)
Synonyms: barbarous, brutal, callous, cold-blooded, cruel
Antonyms: calm, civilized, compassionate, easy
feeling

14. Rigging(धांधली/हेराफेरी
Synonyms: apparatus, equipment, implements

15. Retreat(पीछे हटना।/स्थान छोड़ना)
Synonyms: evacuation, flight, withdrawal, ebb, retirement
Antonyms: advance, arrival, coming

16. Supremacy (वर्चस्व/प्रभुत्व )
Synonyms: dominance, preeminence, primacy, sovereignty, superiority
Antonyms: inferiority, subordination, weakness, subservience

17. Unfavorable(प्रतिकूल
Synonyms: adverse, antagonistic, calamitous, damaging, destructive
Antonyms: advantageous, agreeable, aiding, auspicious, favorable

 

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

In Maharashtra, as the opposition is stuck in the past, the ruling party is promising change
As campaigning gains momentum in Maharashtra for the Assembly election on October 21, the ruling BJP has reinforced itself and disoriented the opposition. With this election, the slow changes in Maharashtra politics over the last five years have taken shape. Devendra Fadnavis is the first non-Congress Chief Minister in the State to complete a five-year tenure. He has decimated internal party rivals and forced ally Shiv Sena to accept a subordinate status. The BJP unilaterally announced 164 seats for itself out of the total 288 and the Sena, which used to get the lion’s share of Assembly seats and the CM’s post, meekly accepted the situation. This supremacy of the BJP is partly due to national factors, but the fact that the party’s Hindutva nationalist politics has trumped the Sena’s regional agenda is itself noteworthy. The Thackerays at the helm of the Sena used to control power in the State without contesting elections, but this time, one of them is personally in the fray, in yet another sign of the changed times. The BJP augmented itself with a cocktail of social and administrative measures over the last five years. It weakened the Maratha power network but also offered the community reservation. Massive protests by run down farmers was met with a loan waiver scheme. The Bhima Koregaon incident of 2018 in which a Dalit gathering was attacked by a violent group was followed by an extensive crackdown on social activists and Dalits by the State police. The BJP’s social engineering meanwhile roped in OBCs to its fold.

Ruthless efficiency remains the hallmark of the BJP, while the NCP-Congress combine is battling internal dissent, organisational disintegration and an unfavorable social climate. Several coalition leaders crossed over to the other side. NCP chieftain Sharad Pawar is himself the target of an ED inquiry. Former Mumbai Congress chief Sanjay Nirupam is unhappy that his supporters have been ignored in ticket selection and will not campaign for the party. Dynastic politics appears to be the comfort zone of an opposition in retreat. Children of several leaders are in the fray, and among the new entrants is Rohit Pawar, the grand-nephew of the patriarch. The NCP-Congress manifesto is a combination of nativist slogans such as reserved employment for the local population and addresses broader issues regarding agricultural crisis and environment. Grand intentions of the alliance are hardly inspiring because of the popular apathy towards dynastic politics and the elites who stand rightly accused of rigging the social and economic order to their benefit. The Congress-NCP combine is deeply entangled in the State’s cooperative and sugar sectors, which was once a source of strength but is currently a millstone around its neck. Maharashtra is the perfect stage for an ascendant BJP that is promising to bring down the old order.


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