A Chennai setting: On Modi-Xi second summit

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A Chennai setting: On Modi-Xi second summit

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Xi Jinping in India

The Modi-Xi summit might restore the bonhomie in ties that saw strains recently
A unique relationship requires(आवश्यकता ) unique(अनोखा/अनोखा) and imaginative(कल्पनाशील ) ways to manage(प्रबंधित ) differences(मतभेदों ). It is for this reason that India and China, with a 3,380 km common(सामान्य ) boundary(सीमा), thousands of years of a shared history, and half-a-century of boundary disputes(विवाद ) and tensions(तनाव) has always needed unique mechanisms. The second “informal summit” between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and China’s President Xi Jinping that begins on Friday is one such way for the two countries to deal with the “ebb and flow(घटाव-बढ़ाव/ज्वार-भाटा) in ties. The leaders last held an informal summit in Wuhan, in the wake of the Doklam crisis(संकट), when the time they spent(खर्च किया) visibly(दृष्टि ) improved(सुधार हुआ) the atmospherics (माहौल)around(आसपास ) the relationship. In the months prior to and following the Wuhan summit, the two nations brought down tensions along the boundary, initiated(शुरू किया) a new dialogue(संवाद ) on trade(व्यापार ), which led to more market access and a small indent in the $53-billion trade deficit(घाटा) between them, and saw more international coordination(समन्वय) including(सहित ) at the WTO, and on climate(जलवायु ) change(परिवर्तन) and terrorism(आतंकवाद). Earlier this year, China joined UNSC members in a statement(बयान) condemning(निंदा करना ) the Pulwama attack and then in May reversed(उलटा ) its decade-old position by allowing the UNSC listing of the Jaish e Mohammad chief, Masood Azhar. Since the August 5 decision(निर्णय) by the government on Article 370 and the bifurcation(विभाजन) of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh, and the strong (मज़बूत/जोरदार )reaction(प्रतिक्रिया) from China, these positive(सकारात्मक) steps seemed to have been stalled. If Beijing’s decision to raise(उठाना) the Indian government’s move at the UNSC was a clear break from the “Wuhan Spirit”, its subsequent(बाद के) statements including at the UN General Assembly have alienated(अलग-थलग) New Delhi further. Optics closer to the summit have been more troublesome(परेशानी/कष्टप्रद), and Mr. Xi’s invitation(निमंत्रण) to the Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan to visit Beijing in the same week that Mr. Xi meets Mr. Modi is clearly a negative signal ahead(आगे) of the Chennai summit. India’s decision to hold mountain combat(युद्ध/संग्राम ) exercises in Arunachal Pradesh just prior to the summit is another in the series of red flags raised, which had even cast a doubt over whether the summit would go ahead.

As a result, Mr. Modi and Mr. Xi have their task cut out for them: in restoring(बहाल करना) some of the bonhomie(अच्छा स्वभाव/खुशमिजाजी) from last year, while charting a course for ties ahead. In the immediate(तात्कालिक ) future, it is hoped that Mr. Xi will assuage(शांतकरना/स्वीकार)India’s concerns on trade issues with a view to meeting the deadline for the ASEAN-led RCEP free trade agreement in November, and possibly direct special representatives(प्रतिनिधि ) on the boundary issue to speed up their talks. For the larger picture, it is important that they end the downslide in bilateral ties and set up more robust communication in order to address each other’s concerns in a timely manner( ढ़ंग से). If the Wuhan summit focused (ध्यान केंद्रित)on a reset between India and China, the Chennai summit will be successful if it ensures (सुनिश्चित करता)that there is no rollback in the relationship, a goal that will no doubt be aided by the Mamallapuram setting, which will remind the leaders of the ancient and traditional ties between the two countries based on trade, travel, and faith(विश्वास).

Important Vocabulary

 

1. Alienated(अलग-थलग)
Synonyms:disaffected, alone
Antonyms: united

2. Assuage(शांत करना/स्वीकार
Synonyms: allay, alleviate, appease, lessen, mitigate
Antonyms: aggravate, agitate, dissatisfy, incite, increase

3. Bonhomie(अच्छा स्वभाव/खुशमिजाजी)
Synonyms: agreeability, agreeableness, amenity, amiableness, congeniality
Antonyms: aloofness, coldness, coolness

4. Bifurcation(विभाजन)
Synonyms: complication, consequence, upshot, branch, branching
Antonyms: cause, origin, source, juncture, union

5. Combat(युद्ध/संग्राम
Synonyms: action, conflict, contest, encounter, engagement
Antonyms: agreement, calm, harmony, peace, surrender

6. Coordination(समन्वय)
Synonyms: engineering, planning, strategy, organization, plans

7. Crisis(संकट),
Synonyms: catastrophe, change, confrontation, crunch, deadlock
Antonyms: agreement, benefit, blessing, breakthrough, calm

8. Deficit(घाटा)
Synonyms: loss, shortfall, arrears, defalcation, default
Antonyms: abundance, adequacy, advantage, enough, perfection

9. Disputes(विवाद
Synonyms: bickering, brawl, conflict, controversy, debate
Antonyms: accord, agreement, calm, concord, concurrence

10. Improved(सुधार हुआ)
Synonyms: enhanced, revised, upgraded, ameliorated, amended
Antonyms: damaged, injured, worsened

11. Raise(उठाना)
Synonyms: boost, hike, increment, accession, accretion
Antonyms: decrease, decline, deduction, fall, shrinkage

12. Restoring(बहाल करना)
Synonyms: bring back, build up, improve, modernize, rebuild
Antonyms: damage, decline, destroy, harm, hurt

13. Subsequent(बाद के)
Synonyms: consecutive, consequent, ensuing, following, successive
Antonyms: preceding, antecedent, earlier, former, previous

14. Spent(खर्च किया
Synonyms: dead, finished, lost, used, wasted
Antonyms: alive, existent, existing, incomplete, living

15. Troublesome(परेशानी/कष्टप्रद),
Synonyms: alarming, annoying, burdensome, damaging, dangerous
Antonyms: agreeable, aiding, beneficial, delicate, easy

16. Unique(अनोखा/अनोखा)
Synonyms: different, exclusive, particular, rare, uncommon
Antonyms: common, normal, ordinary, regular, usual

Credit To The Hindu News Paper

A unique relationship requires unique and imaginative ways to manage differences. It is for this reason that India and China, with a 3,380 km common boundary, thousands of years of a shared history, and half-a-century of boundary disputes and tensions has always needed unique mechanisms. The second “informal summit” between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and China’s President Xi Jinping that begins on Friday is one such way for the two countries to deal with the ebb and flow in ties. The leaders last held an informal summit in Wuhan, in the wake of the Doklam crisis, when the time they spent visibly improved the atmospherics around the relationship. In the months prior to and following the Wuhan summit, the two nations brought down tensions along the boundary, initiated a new dialogue on trade, which led to more market access and a small indent in the $53-billion trade deficit between them, and saw more international coordination including at the WTO, and on climate change and terrorism. Earlier this year, China joined UNSC members in a statement condemning the Pulwama attack and then in May reversed its decade-old position by allowing the UNSC listing of the Jaish e Mohammad chief, Masood Azhar. Since the August 5 decision by the government on Article 370 and the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh, and the strong reaction from China, these positive steps seemed to have been stalled. If Beijing’s decision to raise the Indian government’s move at the UNSC was a clear break from the “Wuhan Spirit”, its subsequent statements including at the UN General Assembly have alienated New Delhi further. Optics closer to the summit have been more troublesome, and Mr. Xi’s invitation to the Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan to visit Beijing in the same week that Mr. Xi meets Mr. Modi is clearly a negative signal ahead of the Chennai summit. India’s decision to hold mountain combat exercises in Arunachal Pradesh just prior to the summit is another in the series of red flags raised, which had even cast a doubt over whether the summit would go ahead.

As a result, Mr. Modi and Mr. Xi have their task cut out for them: in restoring some of the bonhomie from last year, while charting a course for ties ahead. In the immediate future, it is hoped that Mr. Xi will assuage India’s concerns on trade issues with a view to meeting the deadline for the ASEAN-led RCEP free trade agreement in November, and possibly direct special representatives on the boundary issue to speed up their talks. For the larger picture, it is important that they end the downslide in bilateral ties and set up more robust communication in order to address each other’s concerns in a timely manner. If the Wuhan summit focused on a reset between India and China, the Chennai summit will be successful if it ensures that there is no rollback in the relationship, a goal that will no doubt be aided by the Mamallapuram setting, which will remind the leaders of the ancient and traditional ties between the two countries based on trade, travel, and faith.


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