Death of a terrorist: On Baghdadi’s killing

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Death of a terrorist: On Baghdadi’s killing

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Islamic State
Baghdadi is dead, but the conditions that gave rise to the Islamic State still remain
The death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the founder-leader(संस्थापक नेता) of the Islamic State, is a major(बड़ा ) setback(झटका) to the dreaded(खूंखार ) terrorist organisation(संगठन). Baghdadi, who rose to international notoriety(कुख्याति/बदनामी) in July 2014 when he appeared in the pulpit(मंच) of Mosul’s grand al-Nuri mosque as the leader of the new ‘Caliphate’ announced by his group, “died like a dog”, according to U.S. President Donald Trump. He was hiding(छुपा रहे है) in a village in Idlib, the Syrian province(प्रांत ) controlled(नियंत्रित) by al-Qaeda-linked jihadists and pro-Turkey rebels(विद्रोही), when U.S. Special Forces launched an operation on Saturday. Mr. Trump says Baghdadi blew himself up in a tunnel while he was surrounded(घिरा हुआ), killing himself and three of his sons. At the height of its power in 2014, the Caliphate established(स्थापित) by Baghdadi controlled territories(क्षेत्र) as large as Great Britain straddling(पैर फैलाकर बैठना ) the Iraqi-Syria border. Spread(फैलाव/वृद्धि) from Deir Ezzor in eastern Syria to Mosul in northern Iraq and with Raqqa its de facto capital, the Caliphate drew(आकर्षित किया) in radicalised(कट्टरपंथी ) young Muslims world-wide into its fold, fought the Syrian and Iraqi national armies as well as rebel groups in Syria, and unleashed(बेखौफ ) violence(हिंसा ) against anyone who disagreed(असहमत/विस्र्द्ध कहना) with its version(संस्करण/हाल) of Islam and against(खिलाफ) minority (अल्पसंख्यक )groups in Islam and non-Muslims. Baghdadi presided over the rise of his group as a death cult, bringing(लाना) back(वापस memories (यादें )of medieval(पुराना) religious(धार्मिक ) conflicts(संघर्ष/टकराव).

But the Caliphate was a short-lived phenomenon(घटना ). The cities the IS once ruled were liberated(मुक्त।/रिहा). Its jihadists are on the run. Now that Baghdadi is also gone, the IS is at the weakest point of its short history. But it does not mean the group is defeated(हार गया।). The IS, like its peers in global jihadism such as al-Qaeda, is not a completely leader-dependent organisation. It is fundamentally an insurgency(उग्रवाद/बलवा ) comprising(शामिल/दाखिल करना) ideologically(वैचारिक रूप से ) linked autonomous (स्वायत्त )cells and loyal to one leadership. So Baghdadi’s death, while a blow to the organisation and its propaganda (प्रचार), does not mean that IS operations are over. Second, the geopolitical conditions that led to the IS’s creation have not changed much. When Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was killed by the U.S in 2006, it was a setback to the al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), the organisation that he led. After his death, Sunnis in northern Iraq rose against the AQI, which, along with a surge in “U.S. troops(अमेरिकी सेना,) “in Iraq, pushed the group to retreat from the cities and towns. But it did not finish the AQI off. When Syria began plunging into chaos in the early days of the civil war in 2011, the AQI, under Baghdadi’s leadership, morphed(बदला गया) into a bigger, more powerful terrorist machinery — the IS. What happened to the IS now is similar to what happened to the AQI then. With the IS’s double loss, the focus should now be on stabilising(स्थिर करना) Iraq and Syria and ending the conditions that led to the rise (बढ़ती गईं) of the AQI and the IS. Otherwise, Baghdadi’s death would not mean much for the global fight against terrorism.

 

Important Vocabulary

1. Autonomous (स्वायत्त
Synonyms: self-governing, sovereign, free, self-determining, self-ruling
Antonyms: subservient, dependent, subject

2. Bringing(लाना)
Synonyms: bear, carry, deliver, import, lead
Antonyms: avoid, disenchant, dodge, fail, hold

3. Conflicts(संघर्ष/टकराव)
Synonyms: differ, disagree, disturb, vary, brawl
Antonyms: agree, consent, harmonize, aid, assist

4. Disagreed(असहमत/विस्र्द्ध कहना)
Synonyms: clash, contradict, differ, dissent, diverge
Antonyms: agree, approve, concur, consent, stay

5. Defeated(हार गया।
Synonyms: conquered, crushed, overcome

6. Dreaded(खूंखार )
Synonyms: apprehend, cringe, fear, quake, shudder
Antonyms: steady, encourage, want, welcome

7.Insurgency(उग्रवाद/बलवा
Synonyms: dissent, insurrection, mutiny, revolt, revolution
Antonyms: calm, obedience, peace, orthodoxy, submission

8. Morphed(बदला गया
Synonyms: alter, modify, transform, contort, distort
Antonyms: maintain, stagnate, keep, preserve, sustain

9. Medieval(पुराना)
Synonyms: Gothic, antique, archaic, feudal, primitive
Antonyms: current, modern, new, present

10.Phenomenon(घटना
Synonyms: anomaly, aspect, circumstance, episode, event
Antonyms: usualness, normality, regularity

12. Rebels(विद्रोही)
Synonyms: guerrilla, insurgent, opponent, rioter, secessionist
Antonyms: adherent, loyalist

13. Rise (बढ़ती गईं)
Synonyms: acceleration, advance, ascent, boost, climb
Antonyms: decline, decrease, failure, hindrance, stagnation

14. Straddling(पैर फैलाकर बैठना
Synonyms: bestride, hedge, mount, sprawl, stride

15. Surrounded(घिरा हुआ)
Synonyms: ringed, enclosed, encompassed, enveloped, fenced
Antonyms: agape, free, unfenced

16. Unleashed(बेखौफ )
Synonyms: discharge,, free, release, vent
Antonyms: hold, keep

 

 

 

Credit To the Hindu News Paper

Baghdadi is dead, but the conditions that gave rise to the Islamic State still remain
The death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the founder-leader of the Islamic State, is a major setback to the dreaded terrorist organisation. Baghdadi, who rose to international notoriety in July 2014 when he appeared in the pulpit of Mosul’s grand al-Nuri mosque as the leader of the new ‘Caliphate’ announced by his group, “died like a dog”, according to U.S. President Donald Trump. He was hiding in a village in Idlib, the Syrian province controlled by al-Qaeda-linked jihadists and pro-Turkey rebels, when U.S. Special Forces launched an operation on Saturday. Mr. Trump says Baghdadi blew himself up in a tunnel while he was surrounded, killing himself and three of his sons. At the height of its power in 2014, the Caliphate established by Baghdadi controlled territories as large as Great Britain straddling the Iraqi-Syria border. Spread from Deir Ezzor in eastern Syria to Mosul in northern Iraq and with Raqqa its de facto capital, the Caliphate drew in radicalised young Muslims world-wide into its fold, fought the Syrian and Iraqi national armies as well as rebel groups in Syria, and unleashed violence against anyone who disagreed with its version of Islam and against minority groups in Islam and non-Muslims. Baghdadi presided over the rise of his group as a death cult, bringing back memories of medieval religious conflicts.

But the Caliphate was a short-lived phenomenon. The cities the IS once ruled were liberated. Its jihadists are on the run. Now that Baghdadi is also gone, the IS is at the weakest point of its short history. But it does not mean the group is defeated. The IS, like its peers in global jihadism such as al-Qaeda, is not a completely leader-dependent organisation. It is fundamentally an insurgency comprising ideologically linked autonomous cells and loyal to one leadership. So Baghdadi’s death, while a blow to the organisation and its propaganda, does not mean that IS operations are over. Second, the geopolitical conditions that led to the IS’s creation have not changed much. When Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was killed by the U.S in 2006, it was a setback to the al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), the organisation that he led. After his death, Sunnis in northern Iraq rose against the AQI, which, along with a surge in U.S. troops in Iraq, pushed the group to retreat from the cities and towns. But it did not finish the AQI off. When Syria began plunging into chaos in the early days of the civil war in 2011, the AQI, under Baghdadi’s leadership, morphed into a bigger, more powerful terrorist machinery — the IS. What happened to the IS now is similar to what happened to the AQI then. With the IS’s double loss, the focus should now be on stabilising Iraq and Syria and ending the conditions that led to the rise of the AQI and the IS. Otherwise, Baghdadi’s death would not mean much for the global fight against terrorism.

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